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499 a.k.a. Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, and Albania to the south-east. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City.


Who is 499?

499 a.k.a. Roland Barthes: Roland Gérard Barthes was a French literary theorist, philosopher, linguist, critic, and semiotician. Barthes' ideas explored a diverse range of fields and he influenced the development of schools of theory including structuralism, semiotics, social theory, designtheory, anthropology and post-structuralism.


  1. 499 a.k.a. Apple is a publisher.
    • also known as Apple Books, Apple Academic Press, Scholastic/Apple
  2. 499 a.k.a. Pyroglutamic acid is an uncommon amino acid derivative in which the free amino group of glutamic acid or glutamine cyclizes to form a lactam. It is a metabolite in the glutathione cycle that is converted to glutamate by 5-oxoprolinase. Pyroglutamate is found in many proteins including bacteriorhodopsin. N-terminal glutamic acid and glutamine residues can spontaneously cyclize to become pyroglutamate. This is one of several forms of blocked N-terminals which present a problem for N-terminal sequencing using Edman chemistry, which requires a free primary amino group not present in pyroglutamic acid. The enzyme pyroglutamate aminopeptidase can restore a free N-terminus by cleaving off the pyroglutamate residue.
    • also known as Glutiminate, Glutimate, Glutiminic acid, Glutimic acid, Pidolic acid, Oxopyrrolidinecarboxylic acid, Pidolate, Oxopyrrolidinecarboxylate, PCA, Pidolidone, Oxoproline, Pyrrolidinonecarboxylate, Pyrrolidonecarboxylic acid, Pyrrolidinonecarboxylic acid, Pyrrolidonecarboxylate, Pyroglutamate
  3. 499 a.k.a. Jack of Hearts is a TV program, begun in (16 years ago).

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