A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
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Who is A. P. J. Abdul Kalam?
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam is an Indian scientist and administrator who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, studied physics at the St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, and aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai.
- also known as Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Bharat Ratna Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, Kalam, Abdul Kalam
- born on (84 years ago) in Rameswaram, child of Jainulabiddin Marakayar and Ashiamma Jainulabiddin
- ethnicity: Tamil
- nationality: India
- religion: Islam, Sunni Islam
- profession: Scientist, politician, professor, writer, author
- written works: "Wings of Fire", "Ignited Minds", "Combating technology control regime", "The luminous sparks", "Dynamics of societal transformation", "The life tree, poems", "Inspiring thoughts", "Envisioning an empowered nation", "Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology", "Mission India", "Indomitable Spirit", "You Are Born To Blossom", "Turning Points: A journey through challenges", "Target 3 Billion", "My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions", "India 2020"
- filmography: "Ek Aadat"
- some of the awards:
- Padma Bhushan (Government of India)
- Padma Vibhushan (Government of India)
- Bharat Ratna (Government of India)
- Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration (Indian National Congress)
- Veer Savarkar Award (Government of India)
- Ramanujan Award (Alwars Research Centre, Chennai)
- King Charles II Medal (Royal Society, U.K)
- Hoover Medal (ASME Foundation, USA)
- International von Kármán Wings Award (California Institute of Technology, U.S.A)
- IEEE Honorary Membership (IEEE)
- official website: www.abdulkalam.com/kalam
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by R.K. Murthi
A. P. J. ABDUL KALAM 173.
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