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ACTH

Video footage: UNITED STATES 1950s: ACTH: Pituitary Hormone
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Definition of the noun acth

What does acth mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: -

  1. a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex

Other definitions of acth

What does acth also mean?

initialism

  1. 'A'dreno'c'ortico't'ropic 'h'ormone.

Explanation

  1. ACTH a.k.a. Proopiomelanocortin: Pro-opiomelanocortin is a precursor polypeptide with 241 amino acid residues. POMC is synthesized from the 285-amino-acid-long polypeptide precursor pre-pro-opiomelanocortin, by the removal of a 44-amino-acid-long signal peptide sequence during translation.
  2. Acth a.k.a. proopiomelanocortin (adrenocorticotropin/ beta-lipotropin/ alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone/ beta-melanocyte stimulating hormone/ beta-endorphin) is a gene.
    • also known as melanotropin gamma, beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, corticotropin-like intermediary peptide, adrenocorticotropic hormone, adrenocorticotropin, melanotropin beta, pro-ACTH-endorphin, gamma-LPH, beta-endorphin, beta-MSH, proopiomelanocortin, lipotropin beta, beta-LPH, corticotropin, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, corticotropin-lipotrophin, lipotropin gamma, pro-opiomelanocortin, alpha-MSH, met-enkephalin, melanotropin alpha, gamma-MSH

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for ACTH

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Google previewEssentials of Pharmacotherapeutics (2000)

by F S K Barar

Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH, corticotrophin) The ACTH is a single chain polypeptide containing 39 amino acids,

Google previewBiological effects of power frequency electric and magnetic fields

ACTH is a hormone one of whose functions is to stimulate the production of corticosterone by the adrenal tissue.

Google previewKnobil and Neill's Physiology of Reproduction (2006)

by Ernst Knobil, Jimmy D. Neill

ACTH is a 39 amino acid peptide derived from a larger precursor protein, pro- opiomelanocortin (POMC). This precursor...

The Adrenal Glands Circulating ACTH is the key regulator of glucocorticoid synthesis and release by the adrenal gland.

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare (2010)

by D. S. Mills, Jeremy N. Marchant-Forde

ACtH ( adrenocorticotropic hormone) ACTH is the abbreviation for adrenocorticotropic hormone. ACTH is a 39aminoacid peptide hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland.

Google previewSmall Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods (2011)

by Michael D. Willard, Harold Tvedten

Disadvantages • ACTH is a fragile hormone, requiring meticulous care in specimen handling (see later). In addition, the test is expensive and has limited availability, and plasma samples must remain frozen until assayed. Protocol • Although ...

Google previewHenry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods (2011)

by Richard A. McPherson, Matthew R. Pincus

Plasma ACTH is a useful tool for distinguishing primary (adrenal) from secondary (pituitary) or tertiary (hypothalamic) adrenal insufficiency. In primary adrenal insufficiency, low cortisol concentrations are found, along with increased ACTH ...

Google previewKochar's Clinical Medicine for Students (2009)

by Dario M. Torre, Geoffrey C. Lamb, Jerome Van Ruiswyk, Ralph M. Schapira

CORTICOTROPIN ACTH is a polypeptide derived from modification of a much larger precursor molecule named POMC. Its secretion from the pituitary is tightly controlled via negative feedback from cortisol. Adrenal steroidogenesis, primarily ...

Google previewStell & Maran's Textbook of Head and Neck Surgery and Oncology, Fifth Edition (2011)

by John Watkinson, Ralph W Gilbert

Because ACTH is a 39 amino acid protein with a short halflife, it is easier to measure plasma cortisol and 24-hour urinary-free cortisol levels when assessing pituitary/adrenal function. The loss of diurnal rhythm can be detected by measuring ...

Google previewCracking the DAT (2012)

by Princeton Review

ACTH is a tropic hormone because it does not directly affect physiological endpoints, but merely regulates another regulator (cortisol). Cortisol regulates physiological endpoints, including cellular responses to stress and serum [ glucose.

Google previewBrenner and Rector's The Kidney (2011)

by Maarten W. Taal, Glenn M. Chertow, Philip A. Marsden, Karl Skorecki, Alan S. L. Yu, Barry M. Brenner

Normally, ACTH is a relatively minor stimulus for aldosterone production, but this effect is accentuated in angiotensin II–unresponsive adenoma and primary adrenal hyperplasia because renin-angiotensin levels are highly suppressed. 607 A ...

Google previewThe Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: An IOC Medical Commission Publication, Endurance in Sport (2008)

by R. J. Shephard, P.-O. Astrand

ACTH release during exercise is correlated highly with the release of [3- endorphin. ACTH levels depend on the intensity and duration of exercise, and the training status of the individual (Heitkamp et al. 1993). In trained individuals ACTH ...

Google previewMosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions - Australian & New Zealand Edition (2014)

by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis

ACTH secretion, regulated by corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) from the hypothalamus, increases in response to a low level of circulating cortisol and to stress, fever, acute hypoglycaemia and major surgery. Under normal conditions a ...

Google previewConcise Dictionary of Modern Medicine (2010)

by Joseph Segen

ACTH. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone Endocrinology A 39amino acid hormone produced by the anterior pituitary...

is in turn regulated by corticotropinreleasing hormone–CRH; ACTH is Increased in pituitarydependent Cushing syndrome ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Human Body Systems (2010)

by Julie McDowell

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) ACTH, also called corticotropin, is a small peptide hormone that stimulates cell development and hormone synthesis in the adrenal cortex (glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and gonadocorticoids).

Google previewThe Nutrition and Health Dictionary (1995)

by Percy Russell, Anita Williams

adrenocorticotropic hormone (adrenocorticotropin, ACTH). A hormone liberated by the anterior pituitary gland, which stimulates the cortex of the adrenal glands. The basophilic cells of the hypophyseal pituitary anterior lobe ...

Google previewLewis' Dictionary of Toxicology (1998)

by Robert Alan Lewis

ACTH promotes growth and maintenance of the adrenal cortex and stimulates the synthesis and release of various adrenal corticosteroid hormones (e.g., hydrocortisone, aldosterone) and androgens. It affects other tissues also; it promotes, ...

Google previewThe International Encyclopedia of Depression (2009)

by Rick E. Ingram, PhD

released from the hypothalamus, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) released from the anterior ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience (2010)

Glossary Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) – A peptide hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland that mediates the production and secretion of hormones of the adrenal cortex. Allostasis – The process of maintaining homeostasis ...

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Photos about ACTH

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Small photo of Papers with hormones list and tablet with words adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).Small photo of acth colorful word on the wooden backgroundSmall photo of Coin Old silver Roman denarius, 98-117, AYTOKP(ator) KAIC(ar) NEP TPAIANO CEB(acth) GERM(anikos) DAK(iko)DHMARC(ikh) EXIH UPAT IZSmall photo of Coin Old silver Roman drachma AYTOKP(ator) KAIC(ar) NEP TPAIANO CEB(acth) GERM(anikos) DAK(iko) DHMARC(ikh) EXIH UPAT IZ 113 year More...

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Scrabble value of A1C3T1H4

The value of this 4-letter word is 9 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ACTH

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