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Definition of the noun acth
What does acth mean as a name of something?
noun - plural: -
- a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
- lexical domain: Body Parts - nouns denoting body parts
- synonyms of ACTH: adrenocorticotrophic hormone / adrenocorticotrophin / adrenocorticotropic hormone / adrenocorticotropin / corticotrophin / corticotropin
- more generic terms: endocrine / hormone / internal secretion = the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
Other definitions of acth
What does acth also mean?
- 'A'dreno'c'ortico't'ropic 'h'ormone.
- ACTH a.k.a. Proopiomelanocortin: Pro-opiomelanocortin is a precursor polypeptide with 241 amino acid residues. POMC is synthesized from the 285-amino-acid-long polypeptide precursor pre-pro-opiomelanocortin, by the removal of a 44-amino-acid-long signal peptide sequence during translation.
- read more about Proopiomelanocortin
- Acth a.k.a. proopiomelanocortin (adrenocorticotropin/ beta-lipotropin/ alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone/ beta-melanocyte stimulating hormone/ beta-endorphin) is a gene.
- also known as melanotropin gamma, beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, corticotropin-like intermediary peptide, adrenocorticotropic hormone, adrenocorticotropin, melanotropin beta, pro-ACTH-endorphin, gamma-LPH, beta-endorphin, beta-MSH, proopiomelanocortin, lipotropin beta, beta-LPH, corticotropin, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, corticotropin-lipotrophin, lipotropin gamma, pro-opiomelanocortin, alpha-MSH, met-enkephalin, melanotropin alpha, gamma-MSH
Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for ACTH
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by F S K Barar
Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH, corticotrophin) The ACTH is a single chain polypeptide containing 39 amino acids,
ACTH is a hormone one of whose functions is to stimulate the production of corticosterone by the adrenal tissue.
by Ernst Knobil, Jimmy D. Neill
ACTH is a 39 amino acid peptide derived from a larger precursor protein, pro- opiomelanocortin (POMC). This precursor...
The Adrenal Glands Circulating ACTH is the key regulator of glucocorticoid synthesis and release by the adrenal gland.
by D. S. Mills, Jeremy N. Marchant-Forde
ACtH ( adrenocorticotropic hormone) ACTH is the abbreviation for adrenocorticotropic hormone. ACTH is a 39aminoacid peptide hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland.
by Michael D. Willard, Harold Tvedten
Disadvantages • ACTH is a fragile hormone, requiring meticulous care in specimen handling (see later). In addition, the test is expensive and has limited availability, and plasma samples must remain frozen until assayed. Protocol • Although ...
by Richard A. McPherson, Matthew R. Pincus
Plasma ACTH is a useful tool for distinguishing primary (adrenal) from secondary (pituitary) or tertiary (hypothalamic) adrenal insufficiency. In primary adrenal insufficiency, low cortisol concentrations are found, along with increased ACTH ...
by Dario M. Torre, Geoffrey C. Lamb, Jerome Van Ruiswyk, Ralph M. Schapira
CORTICOTROPIN ACTH is a polypeptide derived from modification of a much larger precursor molecule named POMC. Its secretion from the pituitary is tightly controlled via negative feedback from cortisol. Adrenal steroidogenesis, primarily ...
by John Watkinson, Ralph W Gilbert
Because ACTH is a 39 amino acid protein with a short halflife, it is easier to measure plasma cortisol and 24-hour urinary-free cortisol levels when assessing pituitary/adrenal function. The loss of diurnal rhythm can be detected by measuring ...
Cracking the DAT (2012)
by Princeton Review
ACTH is a tropic hormone because it does not directly affect physiological endpoints, but merely regulates another regulator (cortisol). Cortisol regulates physiological endpoints, including cellular responses to stress and serum [ glucose.
by Maarten W. Taal, Glenn M. Chertow, Philip A. Marsden, Karl Skorecki, Alan S. L. Yu, Barry M. Brenner
Normally, ACTH is a relatively minor stimulus for aldosterone production, but this effect is accentuated in angiotensin II–unresponsive adenoma and primary adrenal hyperplasia because renin-angiotensin levels are highly suppressed. 607 A ...
The Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: An IOC Medical Commission Publication, Endurance in Sport (2008)
by R. J. Shephard, P.-O. Astrand
ACTH release during exercise is correlated highly with the release of [3- endorphin. ACTH levels depend on the intensity and duration of exercise, and the training status of the individual (Heitkamp et al. 1993). In trained individuals ACTH ...
Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions - Australian & New Zealand Edition (2014)
by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis
ACTH secretion, regulated by corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) from the hypothalamus, increases in response to a low level of circulating cortisol and to stress, fever, acute hypoglycaemia and major surgery. Under normal conditions a ...
by Joseph Segen
ACTH. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone Endocrinology A 39amino acid hormone produced by the anterior pituitary...
is in turn regulated by corticotropinreleasing hormone–CRH; ACTH is Increased in pituitarydependent Cushing syndrome ...
by Julie McDowell
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) ACTH, also called corticotropin, is a small peptide hormone that stimulates cell development and hormone synthesis in the adrenal cortex (glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and gonadocorticoids).
by Percy Russell, Anita Williams
adrenocorticotropic hormone (adrenocorticotropin, ACTH). A hormone liberated by the anterior pituitary gland, which stimulates the cortex of the adrenal glands. The basophilic cells of the hypophyseal pituitary anterior lobe ...
by Robert Alan Lewis
ACTH promotes growth and maintenance of the adrenal cortex and stimulates the synthesis and release of various adrenal corticosteroid hormones (e.g., hydrocortisone, aldosterone) and androgens. It affects other tissues also; it promotes, ...
by Rick E. Ingram, PhD
released from the hypothalamus, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) released from the anterior ...
Glossary Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) – A peptide hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland that mediates the production and secretion of hormones of the adrenal cortex. Allostasis – The process of maintaining homeostasis ...
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Scrabble value of A1C3T1H4
The value of this 4-letter word is 9 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.
Anagrams of ACTH
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