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Abductive reasoning

Definition of the noun Abductive reasoning

What does Abductive reasoning mean as a name of something?


  1. Determining plausibility based on a set of evidence.


"Abductive reasoning" is a book by Atocha Aliseda.

  • also known as "Abductive reasoning: logical investigations into discovery and explanation"


Abductive reasoning is a form of logical inference that goes from an observation to a hypothesis that accounts for the observation, ideally seeking to find the simplest and most likely explanation. In abductive reasoning, unlike in deductive reasoning, the premises do not guarantee the conclusion. One can understand abductive reasoning as "inference to the best explanation".

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Abductive reasoning

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Google previewLanguages, Methodologies, and Development Tools for Multi-Agent Systems (2011)

Third International Workshop, LADS 2010, Lyon, France, August 30--September 1, 2010, Revised Selected Papers by Mehdi Dastani, Amal El Fallah Seghrouchni, Jomi Hübner, Joao Leite

Especially, abductive reasoning is a form of hypothetical reasoning deriving the possible causes of an observation. It can be used to complete an agent's understanding of its environment by explaining its observations, or, more pro- actively, ...

Google previewFuture Information Technology (2014)

by James J. Jong Hyuk Park, Yi Pan, Cheon-Shik Kim, Yun Yang

Similarly, abductive reasoning is a way of hypothesis generation. To accept results of consistency verification, hypothesis generation, and information deduction with deductive reasoning as correct ones, deductive reasoning should be a ...

Google previewLegal Theory, Sources of Law and the Semantic Web (2009)

by A. Boer

Abductive reasoning is an account of ampliative reasoning: it adds information that was not already implicitly available in the premises. It is often described as a dual of deduction, as abduction allows the precondition φ of φ |= ψ to be inferred ...

Google previewInternational Handbook of Threat Assessment (2013)

by J. Reid Meloy, Jens Hoffmann

Abductive reasoning is an inference to the best explanation, with an emphasis upon economy and sufficiency. 3. Inductive ...

Google previewLogic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning (2013)

19th International Conference, LPAR-19, Stellenbosch, South Africa, December 14-19, 2013, Proceedings by Ken McMillan, Aart Middeldorp, Andrei Voronkov

Introduction Abductive reasoning is a method of logical inference which explains observations (or queries) by making assumptions on possible facts, called abducible atoms. Abduction has been used in various applications [13], e.g. ...

Google previewDoing Qualitative Research Online (2015)

by Janet E. Salmons

Abductive reasoning is a third form that, along with inductive and deductive reasoning, ...

Google previewThe Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods: A-L ; Vol. 2, M-Z Index (2008)

Following the work of Peirce, Gary Shank has looked at the application of abductive reasoning directly to qualitative research. In this work, Shank argued that there are actually six modes of abductive inferences that all researchers use.

Google previewThe Dictionary of Historical and Comparative Linguistics (2000)

by Robert Lawrence Trask

The linguist Henning Andersen has particularly stressed the importance of abductive reasoning in accounting for certain types of linguistic change, such as reanalysis. Andersen distinguishes between an abductive mode of innovation, ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of E-Commerce Development, Implementation, and Management (2016)

by Lee, In

Abductive Logic Logic is often divided in three parts: inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning, and deductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning concerns IF —THEN rules and shows what necessarily will follow from given premises. However ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Machine Learning (2011)

by Claude Sammut, Geoffrey I. Webb

Here the abductive reasoning can be used to suitably connect and integrate the learning of the different predicates. is can help to overcome some of the nonlocality diculties of multiple predicate learning, such as order-dependence and global ...

Google previewDictionary of Cognitive Science (2004)

Neuroscience, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, and Philosophy by Olivier Houdé, Daniel Kayser, Olivier Koenig, Director of Research at Fondation Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Pour La Recherche Joelle Proust, Joëlle Proust, François Rastier

Abductive reasoning and learning. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer. Josephson, J., & Josephson, S. (Eds.). (1994). Abductive inference: Computation, philosophy, technology . Cambridge, England; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics (2006)

by Neil J. Salkind

It is surprising that the originators of grounded theory have not appealed to abductive reasoning, given its prominence in the work of the pragmatist tradition from which they have drawn. Yet another criticism of grounded theory points out that ...

Google previewThe Delving Dictionary Volume II (2014)

ABCs of REALITY by Ron Spillers

Abductive reasoning also is characterized by probability, but it relies heavily on explanatory factors in an effort to determine the best possible hypothesis under the circumstances. Inferences are commonly utilized daily processes, – ranging ...

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Abductive reasoning Meaning

Video shows what abductive reasoning means. Determining plausibility based on a set of evidence.. Abductive reasoning Meaning. How to pronounce ...

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