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The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun abrasion:

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Definition of the noun abrasion

What does abrasion mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: abrasions

  1. an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
    • lexical domain: States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs
    • synonyms of abrasion: excoriation / scrape / scratch
    • more generic words: lesion / wound = an injury to living tissue
    • more specific terms:
      • graze = a superficial abrasion
      • rope burn = abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope
  2. erosion by friction
  3. the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice

Alternative definition of the noun abrasion


  1. The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction.
  2. The substance thus rubbed off.
  3. [medicine] A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance under the form of small shreds.
  4. [geology] The effect of mechanical erosion of rock, especially a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it.

Specialised definition of the noun abrasion

Glossary of sports

a minor injury in the form of a graze to the skin (2006. Dictionary of Sport and Exercise Science. A&C Black Publishers Ltd)


Abrasion are a death metal trio formed in Melbourne, Australia in 1996 by vocalist and guitarist Adam Shirley and drummer Paul Toth. The current line-up features Shirley, Toth, and Nick Rackem on bass.


  1. "abrAsion" is a musical album of AM Prophecy.
    • released in (21 years ago)
  2. "Abrasion" is a composition.
    • music and lyrics by Bibio


Abrasion is the process of scuffing, scratching, wearing down, marring, or rubbing away. It can be intentionally imposed in a controlled process using an abrasive. Abrasion can be an undesirable effect of exposure to normal use or exposure to the elements.

Printed books with definitions for Abrasion

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewRefractory Material Selection for Steelmaking (2016)

by Tom Vert, Jeff Smith

Abrasion refers to mechanical wearing of a material surface, usually by particles entrained in a fluid or gas that...

Google previewCollective Genius (2014)

The Art and Practice of Leading Innovation by Linda A. Hill, Greg Brandeau, Emily Truelove, Kent Lineback

reative abrasion is the first of the three core capabilities that enable a group to innovate.1 It is the ability to develop a marketplace where rich diverse ideas compete...

Abrasion refers to the process of two or more substances rubbing together.

Google previewGeneral and Oral Pathology For Dental Hygiene Practice (2014)

by Sandra Myers, Alice Curran

Abrasion is the loss of tooth structure as a result of an externally applied force. The most common type is due to tooth brushing with...

Google previewForensic Epidemiology (2009)

by Steven A. Koehler, Peggy A. Brown

An abrasion is a superficial injury to the top few layers of the skin caused by friction or pressure between the skin and some...

Google previewDental Brief (1896)

An American Journal of Dental Science, Art and Literature

Mechanical abrasion is a term applied to those lesions of tooth-substance arising from friction-wear, and is entirely mechanical.

Google previewTechnical Bulletin (1958)

Abrasion is an important phase of the wind erosion process on all soils (7, 13).

Google previewSoil conditions that influence wind erosion (1958)

by W. S. Chepil

Abrasion is an important phase of the wind erosion process on all soils (7, 13).

Google previewGarment Manufacturing Technology (2015)

by Rajkishore Nayak, Rajiv Padhye

Abrasion is a progressive loss of fabric caused by rubbing against another surface. It has also been reported to occur through molecular adhesion between surfaces which may remove material. The hard abradant may also plough into the ...

Google previewShafer'S Textbook Of Oral Pathology (6Th Edition) (2009)

by R. Rajendran

Abrasion is the pathologic wearing away of tooth substance through some abnormal mechanical process. Abrasion usually occurs on the exposed root surfaces of teeth, but under certain circumstances it may be seen elsewhere, such as on ...

Google previewSabiston Textbook of Surgery, 19/e

Abrasion is a wear process. Abrasion results when a hard, rough...

Google previewDental Materials: Properties & Manipulation, 10/e

Abrasion is a wear process. Abrasion results when a hard, rough...

Google previewDental Materials (2015)

Properties and Manipulation by John M. Powers, John C. Wataha

ALERT Abrasion is a wear process. Abrasion results when a hard, rough...

Google previewClinical Cardiac Pacing, Defibrillation and Resynchronization Therapy E-Book (2016)

by Kenneth A. Ellenbogen, Bruce L. Wilkoff, G. Neal Kay, Chu Pak Lau, Angelo Auricchio

Abrasion is the volume loss of a material from moving relative to another surface under a force compressing them together (a “normal” load), as summarized ...

Google previewPorous Media (2002)

Theory, Experiments and Numerical Applications by Wolfgang Ehlers, J. Bluhm

Abrasion is a consequence of the surfacial rubbing activity between individual particles of the geomaterial and describes the "peeling off" of small roughness elements from the grain surfaces such that these surfaces may become considerably ...

Google previewTribological Modeling for Mechanical Designers (1991)

by K. C. Ludema, Raymond George Bayer

Finally, abrasion is a very important wear process which is worthy of more attention than it has received. Abrasion is material removal caused by hard particles or asperities which indent the surface of a component or specimen and slide ...

Google previewPrimary Care of Women (2016)

by Barbara K. Hackley, Jan M. Kriebs

Corneal abrasion is a scratch to the cornea of the eye that may result from scratching or vigorous rubbing of the eye, contact lens use, foreign body, or chemical injury. The woman may complain of feeling grit in the eye, a watery discharge, ...

Google previewFundamentals of Geomorphology (2016)

by Richard John Huggett

Abrasion is the cannonading of rock and other surfaces by particles carried in the wind – a sort of natural 'sand blasting';. Rocks and boulders exposed at the ground surface may be abraded by sand and silt particles. Abrasion rates appear to ...

Google previewRestorative Dentistry- E-Book (2013)

by Italian Ac

Air Abrasion Air abrasion is a very widespread system that. 383 Direct Composite Restorations Chapter 9 Chemical-Mechanical Systems.

Google previewThe Care of Wounds (2012)

A Guide for Nurses by Carol Dealey

An abrasion is a superficial injury where the skin is rubbed or torn and it may be extremely sore. It may occur as a result of falling on a gritty surface. Abrasions should be cleaned carefully to ensure that there are no foreign bodies embedded in ...

Google previewOral Medicine: A Handbook for Physicians, An Issue of Medical Clinics, (2014)

by Eric Stoopler

Abrasion is the wearing away of tooth structure by an extraoral foreign object such as a toothbrush. Dental Fig. 43. (A) Extensive cervical decay from constant use of. incidental finding.114 The extent of the calcification and vascular lumen ...

Google previewPsychotherapy and the Abrasive Patient (1984)

by E. Mark Stern

For the "virgin" diamond, uncut, unpolished, abrasion is the indispensable process in the revelation of both its inner beauty and its potential usefulness. This is equally true for the psyche and it matters not whether that is the psyche of the ...

Google previewContemporary Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - E-Book (2013)

by James R. Hupp, Myron R. Tucker, Edward Ellis

An abrasion is a wound caused by friction between an object and the surface of the soft tissue. This wound is usually superficial, denudes the epithelium, and occasionally involves deeper layers. Because abrasions involve the terminal ...

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Small photo of Abrasion on the white car parked on the streetSmall photo of Used and old abrasion disk.Small photo of Abrasion on the white car parked on the streetSmall photo of Abrasion on the white car parked on the streetSmall photo of Abrasion on the white car parked on the streetSmall photo of abrasion,the process of scraping or wearing away.Small photo of Close up White concrete wall abrasion texture background More...

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Scrabble value of A1B3R1A1S1I1O1N1

The value of this 8-letter word is 10 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ABRASION

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