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Acarbose

Definition of the noun Acarbose

What does Acarbose mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. An antidiabetic drug that inhibits alpha glucosidase.

Explanation

Acarbose: A complex oligosaccharide used as a hypoglycemic agent in diabetes management. Acarbose inhibits enzymes required in catabolism of carbohydrates, specifically pancreatic alpha-amylase, which hydrolyzes complex starches to oligosaccharides in the lumen of the small intestine, and the membrane-bound intestinal alpha-glucosidases, which hydrolyze oligosaccharides, trisaccharides, and disaccharides to glucose and other monosaccharides in the small intestine. When acarbose is orally administered, less digestion of complex carbohydrates occur and less glucose is absorbed in the small intestine, thereby producing a smaller rise in postprandial blood glucose levels after a carbohydrate load.

  • also known as Glucobay

Printed books with definitions for Acarbose

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewMosby's 2015 Nursing Drug Reference (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and, in some countries, prediabetes. It is sold in Europe under the brand name Glucobay (Bayer AG), in North America as Precose and in Canada as Prandase (Bayer AG) .

Google previewThe Insulin Resistance Solution (2016)

Reverse Pre-Diabetes, Repair Your Metabolism, Shed Belly Fat, and Prevent Diabetes - with more than 75 recipes by Dana Carpender by Rob Thompson, Dana Carpender

Acarbose is a natural substance produced by bacteria in soil. It's simply a small piece of starch modified in such a way that when amylase tries to break it down, it ties up the amylase and takes it out of action. Enough amylase remains to digest ...

Google previewNutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and, in some countries, prediabetes. It is sold in Europe under the brand name Glucobay (Bayer AG), in North America as Precose (Bayer Pharmaceuticals), and in Canada ...

Google previewPrevention of Type 2 Diabetes (2012)

From Science to Therapy by Derek LeRoith

Acarbose is a competitive inhibitor of the a-glucosidases of the brush border of the small intestine, enzymes that are necessary for the hydrolysis of the disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides to monosaccharides for absorption ...

Google previewPearson Nurse's Drug Guide 2014 (2016)

Pharmaceutical sciences, Pharmacology by CTI Reviews

Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and, in some countries, prediabetes. It is a generic sold in Europe and China as Glucobay (Bayer AG), in North America as Precose and in Canada as Prandase ( Bayer AG) ...

Google previewType 2 Diabetes (2016)

Principles and Practice, Second Edition by Barry J. Goldstein, Dirk Mueller-Wieland

Acarbose is a pseudotetrasaccharide with a nitrogen bound between the first and second glucose unit. This modification of a natural tetrasaccharide is important for its high affinity for active centers of alpha-glucosidases of the brush border of ...

Google previewInternational Textbook of Diabetes Mellitus, 2 Volume Set (2015)

by R. A. DeFronzo, E. Ferrannini, P. Zimmet, George Alberti

Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug that lowers blood glucose by inhibition of α- glucosidase in the gastrointestinal tract, thereby delaying the hydrolysis of ingested disaccharides and complex carbohydrates. Theoretically, efficacy with respect to ...

Google previewScully's Medical Problems in Dentistry (2014)

by Crispian Scully

Acarbose is an alpha- glucosidase ...

Google previewMarks' Basic Medical Biochemistry (2012)

by Alisa Peet

CH2OH CH2OH O OH OH O OH OH O O n Acarbose is an FDA-approved drug that blocks the activities of pancreatic -amylase and brush border -glucosidases ( with specificity for glucose). The drug is produced from a microorganism and is a ...

Google previewEssentials of Human Diseases and Conditions (2016)

Medicine, Internal medicine by CTI Reviews

Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and, in some countries, prediabetes. It is a generic sold in Europe and China as Glucobay (Bayer ...

Google previewHormone Replacement Therapy (1999)

by A. Wayne Meikle

Like metformin, acarbose is a useful agent in treating patients with type 2 diabetes who develop hypoglycemia on even low doses of sulfonylureas. Because acarbose is absorbed to a minimal extent from the gastrointestinal tract, it is a safe ...

Google previewPharmacology for Pharmacy and the Health Sciences (2010)

A Patient-centred Approach by Michael Boarder, David Newby, Phyllis Navti

Acarbose is a reversible competitive inhibitor ofthis enzyme.

Google previewBasic and Clinical Pharmacology 12E (2016)

Pharmaceutical sciences, Pharmacology by CTI Reviews

Acarbose: Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and, in some countries, prediabetes. It is a generic sold in Europe and China as Glucobay (Bayer AG), in North America as Precose (Bayer Pharmaceuticals), ...

Google previewDrug Interactions Analysis and Management 2010 (2016)

Pharmaceutical sciences, Pharmaceutical sciences by CTI Reviews

Acarbose: Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2.

Google previewPharmacology for Nursing Care (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Acarbose: Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and, in some countries, prediabetes. It is sold in Europe under the brand name Glucobay (Bayer AG), in North America as Precose (Bayer Pharmaceuticals), and ...

Google previewAdult Health Nursing (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Acarbose is an antidiabetic drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and, in some countries, prediabetes. It is sold in Europe under the brand name Glucobay (Bayer AG), in North America as Precose (Bayer Pharmaceuticals), and in Canada ...

Google previewHandbook of Drug Administration via Enteral Feeding Tubes, 3rd edition (2015)

by Rebecca White, Vicky Bradnam

Acarbose is a reversible, competitive inhibitor of the alpha-glycoside hydrolases of the small-intestinal brush border. Health and safety Standard precautions apply. Suggestions/recommendations • Owing to its mechanism of action, acarbose ...

Google previewInstant Pharmacology (1999)

by Kourosh Saeb-Parsy

Acarbose is an oral hypoglycaemic agent which inhibits a- glucosidase. USES: Acarbose is occasionally used as an adjunct to other oral hypoglycaemic agents in the management of diabetes mellitus. MECHANISM OF ACTION: ...

Google previewPolycystic Ovary Syndrome (2007)

by Gautam Allahbadia, Rina Agrawal, Rubina Merchant

Acarbose is an O. — glucosidase inhibitor that decreases the absorption of carbohydrates from the intestinal tract, negating the post-prandial rise in glucose and insulin. Acarbose, 300 mg/day in PCOS women was found to normalize the ...

Google previewEsophageal Cancer (2009)

Principles and Practice by Thomas R. Charles, MD, Dr. John G. Hunter, MD, Blair A. A Jobe, MD

Acarbose is an inhibitor of the conversion of carbohydrates to monosaccharides. This results in lowering of postprandial glucose and subsequent insulin secretion. It may be useful in the treatment ...

Google previewMetabolic Medicine and Surgery (2014)

by Michael M. Rothkopf, Michael J. Nusbaum, Lisa P. Haverstick, RDN, CNSC

Acarbose is an agent that competitively and reversibly inhibits pancreatic α- amylase and intestinal α-glucosidase in the intestinal brush border [37]. This delays carbohydrate absorption, leading to lower postprandial insulin and glucose levels.

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Video about Acarbose

Acarbose Meaning

Video shows what acarbose means. An antidiabetic drug that inhibits alpha glucosidase.. acarbose synonyms: Precose. Acarbose Meaning. How to pronounce ...

Scrabble value of A1C3A1R1B3O1S1E1

The value of this 8-letter word is 12 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ACARBOSE

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