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Achaemenid Empire


The Achaemenid Empire, or First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia in Iran, founded in the 6th century BC by Cyrus the Great. The dynasty draws its name from King Achaemenes, who ruled Persis between 705 BC and 675 BC. The empire expanded to eventually rule over significant portions of the ancient world, which at around 500 BC stretched from parts of the Balkans and Thrace-Macedonia in the west, to the Indus valley in the east. The Achaemenid Empire would eventually control Egypt as well. It was ruled by a series of monarchs who unified its disparate tribes and nationalities by constructing a complex network of roads.

  • also known as Achaemenid dynasty
  • founded in 0549 B.C. (2564 years ago)

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Achaemenid Empire

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Google previewReligion, Society and Culture at Dura-Europos (2016)

by Ted Kaizer

The Achaemenid empire is a case in point. As in the Parthian empire, traces of Achaemenid imperial culture outside the cities in the Iranian heartland are rare. Contrary to what is known of the Parthians, however, the Achaemenids did have a ...

Google previewRoutledge Encyclopedia of Ancient Mediterranean Religions (2015)

by Eric Orlin

Acropolis ACHAEMENID The Achaemenid Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great in the sixth century BCE, with its heartland in the Iranian plateau. The dynasty is named for its (possibly legendary) ancestor Achaemenes, a seventh- century ...

Google previewThe Silk Road Encyclopedia (2016)

by Jeong Su-il

After the Achaemenid Empire was destroyed by the army of Alexandros, Parthian Empire (256 BCE–226 CE, Ashkani in Persian, transcribed as “安息” in Chinese) was established by the people of Arsakes (a population from nonAryan lineage ...

Google previewHistorical Dictionary of the Gulf Arab States (2007)

by Malcolm C. Peck

The Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian state, was established under Cyrus the Great and extended a degree of influence over the Gulf. Before Cyrus's conquest of the Babylonian Empire, the latter had, under Nebuchadnezzar and ...

Google previewMacmillan Dictionary of Archaeology (1983)

by Ruth Whitehouse

The Achaemenid Empire reached its ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Ancient Asian Civilizations (2009)

by Charles Higham

Achaemenid empire At its height, during the fifth century B.C.E., the Achaemenid empire stretched from Albania in the west to TAXILA and the course of the Indus Valley in the east, and from the Aral Sea to Cyrene in modern Libya, including ...

Google previewThe Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval Warfare (2016)

by Peter Connolly, Emeritus Professor of History at the London School of Economics John Gillingham, John Gillingham, John Lazenby

the best modern general history of the Achaemenid empire and its campaigns. Connolly, P Greece and Rome at War ( 1981) excellent on armour and weapons. Ducrey, P Warfare in Ancient Greece ( 1986) ...

Google previewGarden History Reference Encyclopedia

Historic books etc on garden design and landscape architecture by Tom Turner

Cyrus the Great destroyed the Babylonian empire and established the Achaemenid Empire. It was an empire of great gardeners but it is thought that the gardens were used as places to admire from an upper window, or take an occasional ...

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