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Achaemenid Empire


The Achaemenid Empire, or First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia in Iran, founded in the 6th century BC by Cyrus the Great. The dynasty draws its name from King Achaemenes, who ruled Persis between 705 BC and 675 BC. The empire expanded to eventually rule over significant portions of the ancient world, which at around 500 BC stretched from parts of the Balkans and Thrace-Macedonia in the west, to the Indus valley in the east. The Achaemenid Empire would eventually control Egypt as well. It was ruled by a series of monarchs who unified its disparate tribes and nationalities by constructing a complex network of roads.

  • also known as Achaemenid dynasty
  • founded in 0549 B.C. (2564 years ago)

Printed encyclopedias and other books with definitions for Achaemenid Empire

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Google previewReligion, Society and Culture at Dura-Europos (2016)

by Ted Kaizer

The Achaemenid empire is a case in point. As in the Parthian empire, traces of Achaemenid imperial culture outside the cities in the Iranian heartland are rare. Contrary to what is known of the Parthians, however, the Achaemenids did have a pronounced imperial culture. It consciously combined elements from various artistic traditions in the Persian empire, resulting in art with a very distinctive character, designed to express Achaemenid supremacy over the various regions it had ...

Google previewThe Silk Road Encyclopedia (2016)

by Su-il Jeong

” After the Achaemenid Empire was destroyed by the army of Alexandros, Parthian Empire (256 BCE–226 CE, Ashkani in Persian, transcribed as “安息” in Chinese) was established by the people of Arsakes (a population from nonAryan lineage living in the eastern Iran), rendering the word “ Persia” obsolete.

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