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Acid-Base Balance

Definition of the noun acid-base balance

What does acid-base balance mean as a name of something?


  1. (physiology) the normal equilibrium between acids and alkalis in the body

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Acid-Base Balance

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Google previewStructure & Function of the Body - E-Book (2013)

by Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton

Maintaining acid-base balance means keeping the concentration of hydrogen ions in body fluids relatively constant. Effective functioning of many important body proteins, such as cellular enzymes and hemoglobin, closely depends on maintaining precise regulation of hydrogen ion concentration. This is of vital importance. If the hydrogen ion concentration veers away from normal even slightly, serious illness or even death may occur. Healthy survival depends on the ability of the body ...

Google previewThe End of Pain (2014)

How Nutrition and Diet Can Fight Chronic Inflammatory Disease by Jacqueline Lagacé

The acid-base balance is a very determinant factor in human health because it influences the structure and the function of proteins ...

Google previewMathematical Physiology (2009)

II: Systems Physiology by James Keener, James Sneyd

for controlling the extracellular acid-base balance is the bicarbonate buffer system. Extracellular fluid contains large amounts of bicarbonate ions, mostly as Na+HCO−3. Addition of excess H+ ions drives the carbonic anhydrase reaction to produce carbon dioxide; the additional CO2 produced can be removed at the lungs. Conversely, addition of a strong base and the consequent removal of H+ results in a lowering of [CO2] and the production of additional H+. Since the overall levels ...

Google previewParamedic Practice Today (2011)

Above and Beyond by Barbara J. Aehlert

Acid-base balance refers to the delicate balance ...

Google previewPhysiology by Numbers (2000)

An Encouragement to Quantitative Thinking by Richard F. Burton

and of the subject of buffering, are re-stated here in the knowledge that acid-base balance is a blind spot for many physiologists. As usual, the hope has been to put a new slant on the subject and at the same time provide opportunites for the exercise of familiar concepts and quantities. The original meaning of acid- basebalance' is hard to trace, but the term is particularly apt nowadays, since it neatly ...

Google previewAnatomy and Physiology (2015)

by Kevin T. Patton

Acid-base balance is one of the most important of the body's homeostatic mechanisms B. Acid-base balance refers to regulation of hydrogen ion concentration in body fluids C. Precise regulation of pH at the cellular level is necessary for survival D. Slight pH changes have dramatic effects on cellular metabolism Mechanisms That Control pH of Body Fluids A. Review of pH concept —negative logarithm of hydrogen ion concentration of a solution (Figure 44-1) 1.

Google previewThe Nutrition and Health Dictionary (1995)

by Percy Russell, Anita Williams

acid-base balance 3 acetylcholine. Mol. Wt. 182. A metabolite fundamental to the mechanism of nerve impulse. An impulse reaching a nerve ending in the normal cycle liberates acetylcholine, which then stimulates a receptor. To enable the receptor to receive further impulses, the enzyme cholinesterase breaks down acetylcholine into acetic acid and choline. Other enzymes resynthesize these elements into more acetylcholine. The toxins from Clostridium botulinum inhibit the ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Healing Foods (2010)

by Michael T. Murray, Joseph Pizzorno

Together, electrolytes function in the maintenance of • Water balance and distribution • Kidney and adrenal function • Acid-base balance • Muscle and nerve cell function • Heart function ...

Google previewFoods & Nutrition Encyclopedia, Two Volume Set (1993)

by Marion Eugene Ensminger, Audrey H. Ensminger

(Also see ACID-BASE BALANCE; ACID FOODS AND ALKALINE FOODS; ADDITIVES; and PRESERVATIVES.) ACID-ASH RESIDUE A mineral residue which is left after (1) the other nutrients in a food have been metabolized, or (2) a food has been burned to an ash in a laboratory. Ashes of foods give an acid reaction when the predominant chemical elements are chlorine, phosphorus or sulfur, because these elements generally form acids. Foods which are most likely to have an acid ...

Google previewConcise Medical Dictionary (2015)

by Elizabeth Martin

acid-base balance the balance between the amount of carbonic acid and bicarbonate in the blood, which must be maintained at a constant ratio of 1:20 in order to keep the hydrogen ion concentration of the plasma at a constant value (pH 7.4). Any alteration in this ratio will disturb the acid-base ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Human Nutrition, Four-Volume Set (2005)

by Lindsay Allen, Andrew Prentice

ELECTROLYTES/Acid-Base Balance 93 Chapter 53.

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