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Acute lung injury


Acute lung injury is a widespread, variable type of lung injury characterized by a low oxygen level in the blood, non cardiogenic pulmonary edema, low lung compliance and widespread capillary leakage. ALI is caused by any event resulting in the triggering of local or systemic inflammation, principally sepsis. The term acute lung injury has been abandoned in the 2012 Berlin classification of acute respiratory distress syndrome, and this state is now called mild ARDS. For its diagnosis, it is no longer necessary to measure pulmonary capillary wedge pressure.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Acute lung injury

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Google previewIllustrated Dictionary of Immunology, Third Edition (2009)

by Julius M. Cruse, Robert E. Lewis

TRALI (transfusion-related acute lung injury) PMN cell TRALI (transfusion-related acute lung ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease (2009)

With 213 Tables by Florian Lang

Genes The genetic basis for pulmonary edema is unclear, although susceptibility to acute lung injury may have a genetic component [2]. The responses of pulmonary endothelial cells to inflammation involve activation of specific transient receptor potential (TRP) Ca2+ permeant cation channels. Of the six known mammalian TRP subfamilies, TRPC (canonical) and TRPV (vanilloid) channels have been implicated. TRP channels are differentially distributed in the lung vasculature.

Google previewDictionary of Medical Abbreviations (2016)

The World's most comprehensive list of English-language medical abbreviations and acronyms by Burt Vance

breast hyperplasia ALHCP= assisted living home care provider ALHD= amplitude of lateral head displacement ALHE = angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia ALHF= Abraham Lincoln Healthcare Foundation ALHI= Atlanta Lesbian Health Initiative ALHL= acute low-tone hearing loss ALHM= amplitude of lateral head movement ALHR= advanced laser hair removal AlHV = alcelaphine herpesvirus ALI = acute limb ischemia ALI = acute lung injury ALI = annual limit of intake ALI ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Toxicology (2005)

by Bruce Anderson, Ann de Peyster, Shayne C. Gad, P.J. Bert Hakkinen, Michael Kamrin, Betty Locey, Harihara M. Mehendale, Carey Pope, Lee Shugart

/acute lung injury, which may be ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Forensic Sciences (2012)

Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Pathophysiology and clinical manifestation ARDS and a less severe form of ALI are clinical syndromes with diagnostic criteria, presenting with severe dyspnea of acute onset, hypoxemia, and bilateral infiltrates consistent with pulmonary edema on a chest radiograph, without evidence of a cardiac cause (left atrial hypertension). These arise from diffuse lung injury, either directly as the immediate result of an insult (e.g., ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Anaesthesia (2017)

by James Shorthouse

infection transmission, ABO incompatibility, transfusionrelated acute lung injury. There is a requirement ...

Google previewMosby's Pocket Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions (2016)

by Mosby

transfusion-related acute lung injury transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) , and transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO). Delayed reactions may include delayed hemolytic, disease transmission, alloimmunization to red cell or HLA antigens, and transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease. Post- transfusion purpura may occur 5-12 days after a transfusion. Fever is the most common transfusion reaction; urticaria is a relatively common allergic response.

Google previewIllustrated Dictionary of Parasitology in the Post-Genomic Era (2017)

by Hany M. Elsheikha

acute lung injury diffuse heterogeneous lung injury characterized by hypoxaemia (PaO2 pulmonary /FiO2 oedema, <300mmHg), low lung non-cardiogenic compliance, and widespread capillary leakage. acute malaria acute presentation of a symptomatic Plasmodium infection. acute phase proteins serum proteins whose levels increase during infection or ...

Google previewDorland's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations (2015)

by Dorland

American Liver Foundation; assisted living facilities; automated laser fluorescence ALFA Assisted Living America ALFT abnormal liver function test ALFV Alfuy virus ALFW anterolateral free wall ALG antilymphocytic globulin; axiolinguogingival alg allergy ALGOL algorithmic oriented language ALH angiolymphoid hyperplasia; anterior lobe hormone; anterior lobe of hypophysis ALHE angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia ALHV alcelaphine herpesvirus ALI acute lung injury; ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Imaging (2008)

by Albert L. Baert

identified representing acute lung injury, exudative bronchiolitis, proliferative bronchiolitis, and obliterative fibroprolifera- tive bronchiolitis. Necrotizing bronchiolitis occurs as a result of edema, inflammatory exudate, and necrosis of epithelial cells. Inflammatory cells, exudate, and cellular debris obstruct the terminal airways. Activation and fibroblast proliferation results in peribronchial fibrosis and obliterative fibroproliferative bronchiolitis. Structural changes in the pulmonary arteries ...

Google previewChurchill Livingstone Medical Dictionary (2008)

by Chris Brooker

characterized by difficulty breathing, poor oxygenation, stiff lungs and typical changes on a chest X-ray, following a recognized cause of acute lung injury. Analysis of arterial blood gases reveals a fall in PaO2 and eventually an increased PaCO2 and a fall in pH. acute-phase proteins a class of proteins produced ...

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