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Acute pancreatitis


Acute pancreatitis or acute pancreatic necrosis is a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. It can have severe complications and high mortality despite treatment. While mild cases are often successfully treated with conservative measures, such as fasting and aggressive intravenous fluid rehydration, severe cases may require admission to the intensive care unit or even surgery to deal with complications of the disease process.

  • also known as acute pancreatic necrosis

Printed encyclopedias and other books with definitions for Acute pancreatitis

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewNeuropeptides—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition (2013)

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that occurs when digestive enzymes leak out of the pancreatic ducts and damages the pancreas. Acute pancreatitis is a disease with significant morbidity and mortality affecting all groups.

Google previewKumar and Clark's Clinical Medicine (2012)

by Parveen Kumar, Michael L Clark

By definition acute pancreatitis is a process that occurs on the background of a previously normal pancreas and can return to normal after...

Google previewPancreatitis Research Advances (2007)

by William C. Langley

Acute pancreatitis is a common clinical condition. The exact mechanisms by...

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder, and inflammation not only affects the pathogenesis but also the course of the disease. Acinar cell injury early in ...

Google previewPediatric Critical Care Medicine (2006)

by Anthony D. Slonim, Murray M. Pollack

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process within the pancreas that involves localized tissue injury and is occasionally associated with remote effects . It can be classified as mild (interstitial) or severe (necrotizing) according to the ...

Google previewPathology for the Health Professions (2016)

by Ivan Damjanov

The more severe acute pancreatitis is a serious disease that still has a high mortality and can have major sequels.

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammation of the pancreas and the peripancreatic fat tissue caused by lytic digestive ...

Google previewPancreatic Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition (2012)

Acute pancreatitis is a painful, inflammatory disorder for which adequate treatments are lacking. An early, critical step in its development is the aberrant signaling of Ca(2+) within the pancreatic acinar cell,” scientists writing in the American ...

Google previewUlrich & Canale's Nursing Care Planning Guides (2010)

by Nancy Haugen, Sandra J. Galura

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that occurs when the enzymes it produces become activated in the pancreas rather than in the duodenum. The subsequent autodigestion causes pathological changes that range from a ...

Google previewMolecular Pathology (2009)

The Molecular Basis of Human Disease by William B. Coleman, Gregory J. Tsongalis

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder whose pathogenesis is not well understood. The pancreas is known as the enzyme factory of the human organism, producing and secreting large amounts of potentially hazardous digestive ...

Google previewPancreatitis: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition (2012)


According to recent research published in the journal Infectious Disorders Drug Targets, “Severe acute pancreatitis is a potentially life-threatening disease. Pancreatic necrosis is associated with an aggravated prognosis, while superimposed ...

Google previewAcute Care Oncology Nursing (2011)

by Cynthia C. Chernecky, Kathleen Murphy-Ende

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process of the pancreas that is caused by the premature activation of pancreatic enzymes. These enzymes are normally secreted in an inactive form for the digestion of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins.

Google previewClinical Pancreatology for Practising Gastroenterologists and Surgeons (2008)

by Juan Enrique Dominguez-Munoz

Introduction Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas that may be either acute or chronic, severe or mild. Severe pancreatitis is usually associated with sys— temic derangements, the most common of which is an acute ...

Google previewInstant encyclopaedia of geography (1993)

by Shatrughna P. Sinha

Primary acute pancreatitis is a relatively rare but serious disease: as the name implies ...

Google previewEssentials of Kumar and Clark's Clinical Medicine (2011)

by Anne Ballinger

Acute pancreatitis is a disease of increasing incidence and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Most patients will recover from the attack with only general supportive care, but 25% will develop severe acute pancreatitis with ...

Google previewChassin's Operative Strategy in General Surgery (2013)

An Expositive Atlas by Carol E.H. Scott-Conner

Acute Pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis is a serious complication.

Google previewMount Sinai Expert Guides: Gastroenterology (2014)

by Bruce E. Sands

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas characterized clinically by acute abdominal pain (traditionally radiating to the back) and commonly associated with nausea and vomiting. Typically, the clinical picture is supported ...

Google previewClinical Veterinary Advisor (2014)

Dogs and Cats by Etienne Cote

CAUSE: Acute pancreatitis is a sudden onset of inflammation within the pancreas . The exact trigger is often difficult to pinpoint in most dogs and cats. With acute pancreatitis, the enzymes that are normally produced and released to digest food ...

Google previewMedical Biochemistry (2014)

by John Baynes, Marek H. Dominiczak

Acute pancreatitis is a serious and life-threatening illness, caused by gallstones blocking the pancreatic duct, alcohol abuse, or more rarely by drugs such as azathioprine, viruses such as mumps, or hypertriglyceridemia. Patients present with ...

Google previewA Woman's Guide to Better Health and Beauty

Another condition that sometimes follows acute pancreatitis is a pancreatic abscess. If you are having abdominal pain because of your pancreas 246.

Google previewClinical Biochemistry (2014)

Metabolic and Clinical Aspects by William J. Marshall, Márta Lapsley, Andrew Day, Ruth Ayling

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammation of the pancreas. Some cases may be self-limiting, but others may be severe and associated with organ failure including pulmonary insufficiency and acute kidney injury and with local complications ...

Google previewMDCT and MRI of the Liver, Bile Ducts and Pancreas (2014)

by Giulia Zamboni, Sofia Gourtsoyianni

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammation of the pancreas with variable involvement of other regional tissues or remote organ systems. Mild acute pancreatitis is associated with minimal organ dysfunction, while severe acute pancreatitis is ...

Google previewEssentials of Surgery (1997)

Scientific Principles and Practice by Lazar J. Greenfield, Michael W. Mulholland

GUICE Acute pancreatitis is a complex disorder of the exocrine pancreas characterized by acute acinar cell injury and regional and systemic inflammatory responses. Because the pathogenic mechanisms are unclear, specific treatment is ...

Google previewThe Washington Manual Gastroenterology Subspecialty Consult (2008)

by C. Prakash Gyawali

Acute pancreatitis is an autodigestive process.

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