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Adenosine deaminase

Definition of the noun adenosine deaminase

What does adenosine deaminase mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. an enzyme found in mammals that can catalyze the deamination of adenosine into inosine and ammonia
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • scientific name: ADA
    • more generic word: enzyme = any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions

Explanation

  1. Adenosine deaminase is an enzyme involved in purine metabolism. It is needed for the breakdown of adenosine from food and for the turnover of nucleic acids in tissues.
    • also known as 腺苷脫氨酶
  2. adenosine deaminase is a gene.
    • also known as adenosine aminohydrolase
  3. Adenosine Deaminase catalyzes the hydrolysis of adenosine to inosine. ADA deficiency causes one form of severe combined immunodeficiency disease, in which there is dysfunction of both B and T lymphocytes with impaired cellular immunity and decreased production of immunoglobulins.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Adenosine deaminase

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewThe Dictionary of Genomics, Transcriptomics and Proteomics (2015)

by Guenter Kahl

Adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 23 requires a helper virus for productive infection. Helper-free transfection starts with the insertion of the gene of interest into a pAAV-LacZ → expression vector, which is cotransfected into a packaging cell ...

Google previewConcise Dictionary of Biomedicine and Molecular Biology (2001)

by Pei-Show Juo

N N N N NH2 CH2 O P O O HO O O HO Adenosine Deaminase The enzyme that catalyzes the following reaction: Adenosine + H2O Inosine + NH2 Adenosine Deaminase Deficiency A disorder characterized by deficiency of the enzyme ...

Google previewIllustrated Dictionary of Immunology, Third Edition (2009)

by Julius M. Cruse, Robert E. Lewis

adenosine deaminase (ADA) clinical states associated with hypoxia, the α adenosine level increases five- to ten-fold, suggesting that it may play a role in the release of mediators. Experimentally, adenosine is a powerful potentiator of mast cell ...

Google previewThe Dictionary of Cell & Molecular Biology (2012)

by John M. Lackie

adenosine deaminase An enzyme (ADA, EC 3.5.4.4, ...

Google previewDictionary of DNA and Genome Technology (2012)

by Paul Singleton

adenosine deaminase deficiency The congenital deficiency of adenosine deaminase activity that is characterized by defective purine metabolism and a lack of normal development of T cells (with a consequent marked immunodeficiency in ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Microbiology, Four-Volume Set (2000)

by Martin Alexander, Barry R. Bloom, David A. Hopwood, Roger Hull, Barbara H. Iglewski, Allen I. Laskin, Stephen G. Oliver, Moselio Schaechter, William C. Summers

The dsRNA Adenosine Deaminase, dsRAD The dsRNA adenosine deaminase, dsRAD, catalyzes the C-6 deamination of adenosine to yield inosine. Deamination reduces the stability of dsRNAs. In conjunction with a ribonuclease specific for ...

Google previewEncyclopaedic Dictionary of Biology (2003)

by S. Choudhary

adenosine deaminase deficiency 12 adipocyte adenosine deaminase deficiency (ADA) : Inherited disorder caused by insufficient adenosine deaminase activity, resulting in a compromised immune system. adenosine diphosphate (ADP) : ADP ...

Google previewChurchill Livingstone Medical Dictionary (2008)

by Chris Brooker

adenosine deaminase the enzyme that facilitates the conversion of ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Nursing (2008)

by Elizabeth Martin, Tanya McFerran

adenosine deaminase deficiency (ADA deficiency) [dee—aIn-in—ayz] n. a genetic disorder characterized by a defect in ...

Google previewIllustrated Dictionary of Microbiology (2008)

by Sunil Patel

Adenosine deaminase deficiency Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) : Antibody-dependent domain, as the means of interacting with the ...

Google previewDorland's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations (2015)

by Dorland

stenting ADAS Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale ADAS-COG Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale, cognitive portion AdASDiM Adaptive Advisory System for Diabetic Management ADase adenosine deaminase ADAU adolescent drug ...

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