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Definition of the noun Adriamycin
What does Adriamycin mean as a name of something?
noun - plural: Adriamycins
- An anthracycline antibiotic drug used in cancer chemotherapy.
- synonym: doxorubicin
Adriamycin RDF is a drug that is used to treat many types of cancer and is being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer. Adriamycin RDF comes from the bacterium Streptomyces peucetius. It damages DNA and stops cells from growing. Rapidly growing tumor cells that take up Adriamycin RDF may die. It is a type of anthracycline antitumor antibiotic. Also called doxorubicin hydrochloride, doxorubicin, Adriamycin PFS, and Rubex.
- also known as Doxorubicin, Adriamycin PFS, Rubex, Doxorubicin hydrochloride, Adriamycin RDF
Adriamycin a.k.a. Doxorubicin: An anthracycline antibiotic with antineoplastic activity. Doxorubicin, isolated from Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius, is the hydroxylated congener of daunorubicin. Doxorubicin intercalates between base pairs in the DNA helix, thereby preventing DNA replication and ultimately inhibiting protein synthesis. Additionally, doxorubicin inhibits topoisomerase II which results in an increased and stabilized cleavable enzyme-DNA linked complex during DNA replication and subsequently prevents the ligation of the nucleotide strand after double-strand breakage. Doxorubicin also forms oxygen free radicals resulting in cytotoxicity secondary to lipid peroxidation of cell membrane lipids; the formation of oxygen free radicals also contributes to the toxicity of the anthracycline antibiotics, namely the cardiac and cutaneous vascular effects.
- read more about Doxorubicin
Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Adriamycin
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by Nat. Toxicology Program (NTP) (NIH)
Adriamycin is an anthracycline antibiotic that is an almost odorless red crystalline solid. It is soluble in water and aqueous...
Adriamycin is a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic used in antimitotic chemotherapy. It is infused intravenously to treat ...
Encyclopedia of Cancer (2008)
by Manfred Schwab
Chemical Properties Adriamycin is an orange—red compound, soluble in water and aqueous alcohols, moderately soluble in anhydrous methanol, and insoluble ...
Description: Adriamycin is an orange to red cake-like or needle-like crystalline solid. Molecular weight5543.6; Freezing/Melting point...
NCLEX-RN in a Flash (2009)
by Ray A. Gapuz
POINTERS • Adriamycin is an antineoplastic antibiotic. • Best taken in the morning • May turn the...
Adriamycin is a cytotoxic drug, therefore the nurse should instruct the client to increase oral fluid intake during the course of therapy.
Ovarian Cancer (2012)
by David Alberts, Earl A. Surwit
Adriamycin is an antibiotic obtained from a streptomyces species and is a hydroxylated congener of daunorubicin. It appears to exert its effect by intercalation between adjoining nucleotide pairs in DNA  and hence to prevent ...
by D.R. Gross
(Adriamycin is an anthracycline antibiotic widely used for chemotherapy) Same as above Cardiac myocytes Intrinsic changes in 186 enzymatically isolated showed a decrease in contraction amplitude, velocity and oxygen consumption ...
Cancer in Childhood (2012)
by John O. Godden
We used vincristine, actinomycin-D and cyclophosphamide in combination initially, but Adriamycin is an effective agent, which will produce significant regression of disease in a high proportion of patients. Its major limitation is cardiotoxicity, ...
by Wilhelm Friedrich
Adriamycin is a quinoid antibiotic of the anthra- cycline series; it is widely used in the treatment of neoplastic diseases. Its clinical application has limits, however, mainly due to the damage it causes in heart muscle. Some studies indicate that ...
Hematologic Malignancies (2012)
by Barth Hoogstraten
Hydroxydaunorubicin (Adriamycin) Adriamycin is an antibiotic which is administered intravenously as part of a drug combination.
Bathsheba's Breast (2005)
Women, Cancer, and History by James S. Olson
Adriamycin is an antibiotic cancer drug with extremely powerful properties. Antibiotics fight infectious diseases, but adriamycin is too toxic for such uses. In cancer patients, the drug kills malignant cells by inserting itself into strands of DNA and ...
by E.S. Hafez, Thomas Lobl
Adriamycin is a potent anti- cancer antibiotic which is effective against a wide variety of neoplastic diseases ( Carter, 1975).
by Richard P. Pohanish
Description: Adriamycin is an orange to red cake-like or needle-like crystalline solid. Molecular weight = 543.6; Freezing/Melting point...
Proceedings of the European Society of Toxicology Meeting Held in Strasbourg, September 17–19, 1987 by Philip L. Chambers, Claire M. Chambers, Guy Dirheimer
Adriamycin is an anthracycline antibiotic widely used as an antitumoral ...
by Aditya Bardia, Eric J. Seifter
Adriamycin is a chemotherapy agent that can cause future heart problems. To help evaluate if it is safe and appropriate to give these medications, a special heart scan using a MUGA (multiplegated acquisition) scan or an echocardiogram is ...
Contemporary Nephrology (2012)
by Saulo Klahr, Carolyn Mercer
Adriamycin is an anthracycline antineoplastic drug which causes glomerular and tubular lesions in animals and occasionally in humans. Tubulointerstitial inflammatory changes, rather than consequences of drug-induced proteinuria, seem to ...
Adriamycin-Symposium Frankfurt/Main 1974 by M. Ghione, J. Fetzer, H. Maier
Drug Research and Development, Division of Cancer Treatment, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20014, USA Adriamycin is an active drug of pronounced clinical interest. It has demonstrated broad spectrum activity against a variety ...
Milan, 9th-10th September, 1971 by Stephen K. Carter, A. Di Marco, M. Ghione, I.H. Krakoff, G. Mathe
Adriamycin is a tetracyclic anthracycline antibiotic with substantial antitumor activity in transplanted rodent tumors. It is a 14hydroxy derivative and thus a close analog of daunorubicin. Its spectrum of antitumor activity in experimental systems is ...
Cancer Registry Management (2004)
Principles & Practice by National Cancer Registrars Association
Adriamycin is an anticancer drug which has a side-effect of cardiac t. TQM total quality management; the process of quality; quality from start to finish. A corporationwide belief that everyone in the organization is responsible for assuring that ...
by DIANE Publishing Company
PROPERTIES Adriamycin is a red, crystalline solid with a melting point of 204° C. It is soluble in water and aqueous alcohols, moderately soluble in anhydrous methanol, and insoluble in nonpolar organic solvents. Neutral aqueous solutions ...
by Pei-Show Juo
MABOP Abbreviation for a combination drug containing mechlorethamine, adriamycin, bleomycin, oncovin, and prednisone. Mabuterol (mol wt 311) A bronchodilator and an antiasthmatic agent. F3C OH H2N CHCH2NHC(CH3)3 Cl MAC ...
by Carol Turkington, Mitchell Edelson
Adriamycin (doxorubicin) A type of intravenous (IV) ...
by Joseph C. Salamone
adriamycin, actinomycin D ...
by Donald Venes, MD
CAF (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin [ Adriamycin], and fluorouracil), AC (doxorubicin [Adriamycin] and cyclophosphamide), ...
ADLS Activities of Daily Living Survey ADM abductor digitiminimi; add-drop multiplexer; administrative medicine; admission; Adriamycin; advanced diabetes management AdM adrenal medulla adm administration; admission; ...
by Bruce C. Carlstedt, Mary J. Stanaszek, Walter F. Stanaszek
ECHO etoposide, cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin®, vincristine EDTA ethylene- dinitrilo tetraacetic acid (edetic acid) EES® erythromycin ethylsuccinate EHDA etidronate sodium EMB ethambutol EOG Ethrane®, oxygen and gas EPA ...
by J. P. Schadé
The overall cure rate for Hodgkin's disease now approaches 85 per cent,thanks to steady improvement in the radiation and chemotherapy regimens that were - Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) - Methotreate - Bleomycin - Comments Has more toxic ...
Dictionary of Carbohydrates (2005)
by Peter M. Collins
A-58 Adriamycin, 8CI Doxorubicin, BAN, INN, USAN. 14-Hydroxydaunomycin. Adriacin. Adriblastin. Caelyx. Dox. Doxil. Farmiblastina.
by Robert Alan Lewis
Adriamycin” (adriamycin). a trademark.
With a list of the most important medical and scientific journals and their traditional abbreviations by Rolf Heister
French Association of Maxillofacial Surgeons AFCM regimen cytotoxic combination therapy with: adriamycin, 5fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, and methotrexate AFCP AFCR antibody forming cell precursors American Federation for Clinical ...
by Burkhard Fugmann, Susanne Lang-Fugmann, Wolfgang Steglich
Adriamycin Use: On account of its adrenergic action in the form of salts (e.g. hydrogen tartrate) (R)-A. is contained in some parenterally administered sympathicominetics, broncholytics, or antiastnmatics. (R)-A. hydrogen tartrate is also used for ...
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Video about Adriamycin
Video shows what adriamycin means. An anthracycline antibiotic drug used in cancer chemotherapy.. adriamycin synonyms: doxorubicin, hydroxydaunorubicin.
See also the pronunciation examples of Adriamycin!
Scrabble value of A1D2R1I1A1M3Y4C3I1N1
The value of this 10-letter word is 18 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.
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