African hip hop
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African hip hop: Hip hop music has been popular in Africa since the early 1980s due to widespread American influence. In 1985 hip hop reached Senegal, a French-speaking country in West Africa. Some of the first Senegalese rappers were M.C. Lida, M.C. Solaar, and Positive Black Soul, who mixed rap with Mbalax, a type of West African pop music. An early South African group was Black Noise. They began as a graffiti and breakdance crew in Cape Town until they started emceeing in 1989.
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Genres: North America by John Shepherd, David Horn
Mwenda Ntarangwi's East African Hip Hop: Youth Culture and Globalization (2009), Ian Condry's Hip-Hop ...
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