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Who is Al-Jazari?

al-Jazari: Badi'al-Zaman Abū al-'Izz ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī was a Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, and mathematician from Jazirat ibn Umar, who lived during the Islamic Golden Age. He is best known for writing the al-Jāmiʿ bain al-ʿilm wa al-ʿamal al-nāfiʿ fī ṣināʿat al-ḥiyal in 1206, where he described 100 mechanical devices, some 80 of which are trick vessels of various kinds, along with instructions on how to construct them.

  • also known as Abū al-'Iz Ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī, Ismāʻīl ibn al-Razzāz Jazarī
  • born in (880 years ago) in Cizre
  • nationality: Turkey
  • religion: Islam
  • profession: Engineer, scientist, writer, mechanical engineer, astronomer, artist, inventor, mathematician, scholar, visual artist
  • died in (810 years ago)
  • written work: "The book of knowledge of ingenious mechanical devices"


Al-Jazari is a fictional character from the 2010 short family film 1001 Inventions and the Library of Secrets.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Al-Jazari

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Google previewEncyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures (2013)

by Helaine Selin

There are, however, no references to al-Jazari in the standard Arabic biographical works of the Middle Ages, and there is no known translation into a European language before the twentieth century. Only one of the complete machines, a twin ...

Google previewIbn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary (1843)

by Ibn Khallikān


Google previewThe Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture (2009)

by Jonathan Bloom, Sheila S. Blair

The output mainly consisted of copies ofolder works; the influential works ofal- Sufi, Dioscurides, al-Jazari, al-Qazwini and manuscripts of Kalila and Dimna were the most popular. These manuscripts remained true to the nature of scientific ...

Google previewThe Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art (2008)

by Gerald W. R. Ward

Al-Jazari, writing in northern Mesopotamia in 1206, describes the technique of casting with green sand in connection with the production of lattice work. A particular kind of sand was used for making closed (or open) mould boxes which, unlike ...

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