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Definition of the noun alanine
What does alanine mean as a name of something?
noun - plural: alanines
- a crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
Alternative definition of the noun alanine
- [amino acid, uncountable] A nonessential amino acid 2-aminopropanoic acid found in most animal proteins
- synonym: Ala
- [countable] A specific residue, molecule, or isomer of this amino acid
Alanine is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula CH₃CHCOOH. The L-isomer is one of the 20 amino acids encoded by the genetic code. Its codons are GCU, GCC, GCA, and GCG. It is classified as a non-polar amino acid. L-Alanine is second only to leucine in rate of occurrence, accounting for 7.8% of the primary structure in a sample of 1,150 proteins. D-Alanine occurs in bacterial cell walls and in some peptide antibiotics.
- also known as ALA_G
Alanine a.k.a. L-Alanine: Alanine is a nonessential amino acid made in the body from the conversion of the carbohydrate pyruvate or the breakdown of DNA and the dipeptides carnosine and anserine. It is highly concentrated in muscle and is one of the most important amino acids released by muscle, functioning as a major energy source. Plasma alanine is often decreased when the BCAA are deficient. This finding may relate to muscle metabolism. Alanine is highly concentrated in meat products and other high-protein foods like wheat germ and cottage cheese. Alanine is an important participant as well as regulator in glucose metabolism. Alanine levels parallel blood sugar levels in both diabetes and hypoglycemia, and alanine reduces both severe hypoglycemia and the ketosis of diabetes. It is an important amino acid for lymphocyte reproduction and immunity. Alanine therapy has helped dissolve kidney stones in experimental animals. Normal alanine metabolism, like that of other amino acids, is highly dependent upon enzymes that contain vitamin B6. Alanine, like GABA, taurine and glycine, is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.
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Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alanine
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Alanine is a major source. Its amino group is first transferred by transamination to 2-oxoglutarate to glutamate and then to oxaloacetate to produce aspartate. As soon as aspartate enters the urea cycle, it is replenished by more transaminated ...
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Frontiers of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Biology, Moscow and Tashkent, USSR, 25 September - 2 October 1978 by S. N. Ananchenko
Alanine is the N-terminal and lysine is the C-terminal amino acid ...
What Mad Pursuit (2008)
by Francis Crick
The next largest is called alanine and has a methyl group (CI-I3) as its sidechain. The others are of various sizes. Some carry a positive electric charge, some a negative one, and some no charge at all. Most of them are fairly small. The largest ...
by Pei-Show Juo
Aklomide • Alanine Dehydrogenase Aklomide (mol wt 200) An antiprotozoal and antibacterial agent. CONH2 Cl NO2 AK-Mycin A trade name for erythromycin , an antibiotic. AK-Nefrin Ophthalmic A trade name for phenylephrine ...
Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions - Australian & New Zealand Edition (2014)
by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis
airway alanine aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) test airway, 1. a tubular passage for movement of gas into and out of the lung. An airway with a diameter greater than 2 mm is defined as a large, or central, airway; one smaller than 2 mm is ...
The Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: An IOC Medical Commission Publication, Nutrition in Sport (2008)
by Ronald J. Maughan
Leucine α-KIC α-KGGlu Isoleucine α-KMV Glucose Alanine Glutamine Amino acids Glucose...
alanine (Ala or A) /al'.;nin/, a nonessential amino acid found in ...
Encyclopedia of Microbiology (2009)
Ala, alanine; bcaa, the sum of leucine, isoleucine, and valine; GLT, glutamate; isl, isoleucine; KG, -ketoglutarate; leu, leucine; PxP, pyridoxal phosphate; TPP, thiamine pyrophosphate; tyr, tryosine; X, -aceto--hydroxybutyrate; Lrp/(Lrp-leu) ...
A dictionary of chemistry (1863)
by Henry Watts
Alanine is not altered by boiling with dilute acids, or with alkab's. It dissolves in strong sulphuric acid, and the solution does not blacken on boiling. Fused with hydrate of potassium, it gives off hydrogen and ammonia, and yields cyanide and ...
by Lindsay Allen, Andrew Prentice
Alanine and glutamine are the principal amino acid substrates for hepatic gluconeogenesis and ureagenesis. Alanine is produced in peripheral tissues in transamination processes with glutamate, branched chain amino acids, and ...
by Arthur T. Hubbard
seems small, it indicates the water molecules around the alanine molecules in solution are less bound than those around glycine, and this difference may account for the differences noticed when the adsorption of both acids on boehmite is ...
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Molymod amino acids
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Scrabble value of A1L1A1N1I1N1E1
The value of this 7-letter word is 7 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.
Anagrams of ALANINE
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