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Alcohol dependence


  1. Alcohol dependence a.k.a. Alcoholism is a broad term for problems with alcohol, and generally refers to alcohol addiction, which is the compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages, usually to the detriment of the drinker's health, personal relationships, and social standing. It is medically considered a disease, specifically an addictive illness. In psychiatry several other terms have been used, specifically "alcohol abuse", "alcohol dependence," and "alcohol use disorder" which have slightly different definitions. Alcohol misuse has the potential to damage almost every organ in the body, including the brain. The cumulative toxic effects of chronic alcohol abuse can cause both medical and psychiatric problems. One who has alcoholism is called an alcoholic.
  2. Alcohol dependence is a substance-related disorder in which an individual is physically or psychologically dependent upon drinking alcohol. In certain diagnostic models, the term has a broader definition that also includes other alcohol use-related disorders as well.
    • also known as 酒精依賴

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alcohol dependence

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Google previewFactors mediating performance monitoring in humans – from context to personality

by Patrizia Thoma

Keywords: cue exposure, inhibition, inferior frontal cortex, alcohol dependence INTRODUCTION Alcohol dependence is a condition characterizing the concerned person by a “persisting substance use despite clear evidence of overtly harmful ...

Google previewAddiction Medicine (2009)

by Noeline Latt

Alcohol dependence is a serious and lingering disorder with a remitting and relapsing course, in which there is strong psycho-physiological drive to consume alcohol and to do so even in the face of serious alcoholrelated harm.

Google previewTreatment of Substance Use Disorders (2013)

by Kevin Sevarino

Alcohol dependence is a chronic disorder that results from a variety of genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors (Morse & Flavin, 1992). As defined by the American Psychiatric Association (1994) in the ...

Google previewe-Study Guide for: Clinical Drug Therapy: Rationales for Nursing Practice by Anne Collins Abrams, ISBN 9780781777698 (2014)

by Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Alcohol dependence: Alcohol dependence is a psychiatric diagnosis (a substance related disorder DSMIV) describing an entity in which an individual uses alcohol despite significant areas of dysfunction, evidence of physical dependence, ...

Google previewNeuroimaging Pharmacopoeia (2015)

by Daniel Thomas Ginat, Juan Small, Pamela Whitney Schaefer

Nevertheless, alcoholis one of the most commonly abused substances, and alcohol dependence is a major cause of disease burden. Alcohol in the form of ethanol can be used for sclerotherapy, but this is beyond the scope of the chapter .

Google previewABC of Alcohol (2015)

by Anne McCune

Alcohol dependence is a neurobiological syndrome of disregulated consumption, which comprises a 'driving force' to continue drinking – despite the consequences. • Alcohol has a unique capacity among psychoactive substances to cause ...

Google previewe-Study Guide for: Drugs, Behavior, and Modern Society by Levinthal, ISBN 9780205483297 (2013)

by Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Alcohol dependence: Alcohol dependence is a psychiatric diagnosis ( asubstance related disorder DSMIV) describing an entity in which an individual uses alcohol despite significant areas of dysfunction, evidence of physical dependence, ...

Google previewe-Study Guide for: Essentials of Psychology by Douglas Bernstein, ISBN 9780618713127 (2013)

by Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Alcohol dependence: Alcohol dependence is a psychiatric diagnosis (a substance related disorder DSMIV) describing an entity in which an individual uses alcohol despite significant areas of dysfunction, evidence of physical dependence, ...

Google previewAlcohol Problems in the Community (2002)

by Larry Harrison

noted that the belief held by many social workers that alcohol dependence is a medical problem which requires specialist medical treatment, is combined with the absence of a legislative framework which would enable ...

Google previewResearch on the Neurobiology of Alcohol Use Disorders (2008)

by Leo Sher

Alcohol dependence is a complex disorder with a well documented highly hereditary nature. Rapid advancements in genetic knowledge have provided a wealth of data demonstrating a significant contribution of genes to the interindividual ...

Google previewDisease Control Priorities Related to Mental, Neurological, Developmental and Substance Abuse Disorders (2006)

by Disease Control Priorities Project

Alcohol dependence is a clinical disorder in its own right, but it is also a powerful mechanism sustain- Patterns of drinking Average volume Chronic disease Accidents and injuries. 57 Alcohol Jürgen Rehm, Dan Chisholm, Robin Room, and ...

Google previewThe Relationship Between Family Structure and Adolescent Substance Use (1996)

by Robert A. Johnson, John P. Hoffman, Dean R. Gerstein

One notable difference between the patterns of past-year alcohol use and alcohol dependence is that the latter is significantly lower in "mother/father/other" families (1.2%) than in "mother/father" families (2.5%), whereas the former (Table 3.4) ...

Google previewAlcoholic Thinking (1998)

Language, Culture, and Belief in Alcoholics Anonymous by Danny M. Wilcox

The first thing it provides to the individual seeking help with alcohol dependence is a place to go where no drinking is taking place and the ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Stress: A-D (2000)

alcohol dependence The DSM-IV criteria include a failure to control ...

Google previewThe A-Z Encyclopedia of Alcohol and Drug Abuse (2002)

by Thomas Nordegren

alcohol dependence, opioid dependence) .

Google previewThe SAGE Encyclopedia of Alcohol (2015)

Social, Cultural, and Historical Perspectives by Scott C. Martin

Phenotypic assessment included measures that have been correlated with susceptibility to alcohol dependence. Biochemical assays were conducted for adenylate cyclase (AC) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity. Probands and relatives ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Nursing Research (2006)

by Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, Meredith Wallace

DONNAFICK Alcohol Dependence The ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Lifestyle Medicine and Health (2011)

by James M. Rippe, MD

Over time, sometimes many years, such alcohol abuse may progress into an alcohol dependence problem. Often, the transition from drinking to alcohol abuse , and finally to alcohol dependence, may take anywhere from 8 to 15 years. On the ...

Google previewBlack's Medical Dictionary (2005)

by Bloomsbury Publishing

Alcohol Dependence 23 intake, 'binge' drinking, and dependence (alcoholism). The first pattern usually leads to mainly physical problems such as gastritis, peptic ulcer, liver disease, heart disease and impotence. The second is most common ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Psychopharmacology (2010)

by Ian P. Stolerman

Cross-References ▷ Acetaldehyde Alcohol Dependence Synonyms Alcoholism Definition Alcohol dependence is characterized as a maladaptive pattern of drinking, leading to clinically significant impairment, as manifested by a compulsion ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease (2009)

With 213 Tables by Florian Lang

Alcohol dependence (“alcoholism”): Repeated consumption pattern being associated with increase of tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, “craving,” loss of control and preference of alcohol consumption compared with other activities. 4.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Depression (2010)

by Linda Wasmer Andrews

Alcohol Dependence. As alcohol abuse starts to cause multiple physical, mental, and behavioral symptoms, it may escalate to alcohol dependence. One common feature of dependence is tolerance, in which a person has to drink more and ...

Google previewMental Health Care Issues in America: An Encyclopedia (2013)

by Michael Shally-Jensen

and Statistical Manual outlining criteria for mental disorders, the DSM-5, is expected to be completed in 2013 and plans to combine both alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence disorders into a single diagnosis of “alcohol use disorder.

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