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Aldol reaction

Definition of the noun aldol reaction

What does aldol reaction mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. a reaction of aldehydes resulting in an aldol

Explanation

The aldol reaction is a means of forming carbon–carbon bonds in organic chemistry. Discovered independently by Charles-Adolphe Wurtz and Alexander Borodin in 1872, the reaction combines two carbonyl compounds to form a new β-hydroxy carbonyl compound. These products are known as aldols, from the aldehyde + alcohol, a structural motif seen in many of the products. Aldol structural units are found in many important molecules, whether naturally occurring or synthetic. For example, the aldol reaction has been used in the large-scale production of the commodity chemical pentaerythritol and the synthesis of the heart disease drug Lipitor.

  • also known as تفاعل آلدول, 羟醛反应

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Aldol reaction

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Google previewSix-Membered Transition States in Organic Synthesis (2008)

by Jaemoon Yang

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS The aldol reaction is an addition of metal enolates to aldehydes or ketones to form β-hydroxy carbonyl compounds.1 The simplest aldol reaction would be the reaction of acetaldehyde lithium enolate with ...

Google previewConcise Dictionary of Chemistry (2012)

by Editorial Board

Aldol reaction ¥ Alkenes Alkoxide ion ¥ Alum Aluminium ¥ Amino group Ammonia ¥. is an hydrogen atom or hydrocarbyl group (e.g., CH3, C2H5, etc.). These are products of hydrocarbon oxidation. The simplest aldehydes are formaldehyde ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Astrobiology (2011)

by Muriel Gargaud

At this step, the aldotetrose can react via a retro- aldol reaction to give two molecules of glycolaldehyde. Due to the generation of two ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Science (2010)

by Elizabeth A. Martin

aldol See ALDOL REACTION. aldol reaction A reaction of aldehydes of the type ZRCHZCHO \——' RCH2CH(OH)CHRCHO where R is a hydrocarbon group. The resulting ...

Google previewDictionary of Parasitology (2005)

by Peter J. Gosling

aldol reaction (chemistry) Condensation reaction between two aldehyde or two ketone molecules that produces a molecule containing an aldehyde (-CHO) group and an alcohol (-OH) ...

Google previewThe Rosen Comprehensive Dictionary of Chemistry (2007)

by John O. E. Clark, William Hemsley

alkaline aldol reaction Condensation reaction between two aldehyde or two 10.

Google previewAcademic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology (1992)

by Christopher G. Morris, Academic Press

aldol reaction Organic Chemistry, a reversible acid- or base-catalyzed addition of the a carbon atom of one carbonyl compound (or moiety of a molecule) to the carbonyl carbon of another molecule (or moiety of the ...

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