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Definition of the noun Aldolase
What does Aldolase mean as a name of something?
noun - plural: aldolases
- [enzyme] An enzyme, present in some tissue, that catalyses the conversion of phosphates of fructose to those of glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone
- Aldolase: An aldolase is an enzyme that performs an aldol reaction or its reverse. The word often refers to any type of fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, but can also refer to other enzymes, such as the one that forms sialic acid.
- Aldolase a.k.a. Aldolase A is an enzyme that catalyses a reversible aldol reaction: The substrate, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate is broken down into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. This reaction is a part of glycolysis. Three fructose-bisphosphate aldolase isozymes, encoded by three different genes, are differentially expressed during development. Aldolase A is found in the developing embryo and is produced in even greater amounts in adult muscle. Aldolase A expression is repressed in adult liver, kidney, and intestine and similar to aldolase C levels in brain and other nervous tissue. Aldolase A deficiency has been associated with myopathy and hemolytic anemia. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein.
- read more about Aldolase A
Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Aldolase
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Pediatric Oncology 1 (2012)
with a special section on Rare Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors by G. Bennett Humphrey, Louis P. Dehner, Gerald B. Grindey, Ronald T. Acton
Aldolase is an enzyme in the glycolytic sequence, and the rationale for investigating aldolase activity measurments in physiological fluids is the same as for LDH. In addition, several early reports[56–59] indicated that differences in the ...
Medicine, Medicine by CTI Reviews
An aldolase is an enzyme that performs an ...
Biochemistry, 6th Edition (2016)
by CTI Reviews
Aldolase: An aldolase is an enzyme that cleaves an aldol.
by CTI Reviews
Aldolase: An aldolase is an enzyme, such as fructosebisphosphate aldolase,
by Bonnie Karen Davis
Aldolase is a glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of ...
Biology, Biochemistry by CTI Reviews
An aldolase is an enzyme that performs an aldol reaction or its reverse (cleaving an aldol). The word often refers to ...
Medical Biochemistry (2014)
by John Baynes, Marek H. Dominiczak
The liver aldolase is called aldolase B, and it is different in substrate specificity ...
by James K. Stoller, Franklin A. Michota, Brian F. Mandell
Aldolase is an enzyme found in the glycolytic pathway, downstream of phosphofructokinase. It is found in muscle fast-twitch fibers, as well as in liver, kidney, brain, intestines, and fetal tissue. AST and ALT can be elevated into the several ...
by Kathleen Deska Pagana, Timothy J. Pagana, Theresa N Pagana
Aldolase is an enzyme used in glycolysis (breakdown of glucose). As with AST and creatine phosphokinase, aldolase exists throughout the body in most tissues. This test is most useful for indicating muscular or hepatic cellular injury or ...
Chemistry, Chemistry by CTI Reviews
Aldolase: An aldolase is an enzyme that performs an aldol reaction or its reverse (cleaving an aldol). The word often refers to any type of fructosebisphosphate aldolase, but can also refer tootherenzymes, such as the one that forms sialic acid.
From Molecules to Networks (2014)
An Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience by John H. Byrne, Ruth Heidelberger, M. Neal Waxham
Aldolase is a glycolytic enzyme (Fig. 3.4) that converts fructose 1,6- bisphosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihy- droxyacetone phosphate, and it also has noncatalytic roles as a scaffold protein that can bind to F-actin, α-tubulin, ...
by Heinz Mehlhorn, Horst Aspöck
Microneme proteins become inserted in the plasmalemma and associate with short actin filaments through an aldolase. The actin-aldolase- microneme protein complexes are translocated by the myosin motor while interacting with the ...
by Lindsay Allen, Andrew Prentice
The aldolase A, B, and C enzymes catalyze the reversible conversion of fructose- 1-diphosphate into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate, and deficiencies in the A and B enzymes have been identified. Aldolase A is ...
Encyclopedia of Microbiology (2009)
KDPG is then split by the enzyme KDPG aldolase into pyruvate and GAP. GAP can then be converted to pyruvate through the triose phosphate portion of the EMP pathway producing two ATP and one NADH/Hþ. Thus, a single glucose ...
by Moselio Schaechter
The KDPG is then split by KDPG aldolase to pyruvate and GAP. GAP can then be further metabolized to pyruvate using the enzymes of the triose phosphate portion of the EMP pathway. The phosphorylation of the six-carbon KDG allows for the ...
by George P. Rédei
There is also a deoxyribose-5-phosphate aldolase but its deficiency is apparently harmless. ALDOA deficiency may be involved in a form of hemolytic anemia (γ- glutamylcysteine synthetase deficiency). ▷fructose intolerance, ▷anemia ...
Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions - Australian & New Zealand Edition (2014)
by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis
aldolase/alމdۑlƗs/, enzyme found in muscle tissue that catalyses the step in anaerobic glycolysis involving the breakdown of fructose 1,6- biphosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP). The enzyme can also catalyse the ...
The Lupus Encyclopedia (2014)
A Comprehensive Guide for Patients and Families by Donald E. Thomas, Jr.
Aldolase. Aldolase is an enzyme that appears in all cells ofthe body. However, the highest amounts are in muscles, the brain, and the liver. The test is mainly used in people who have SLE to determine if they have inflammation of the muscles ...
by James Wynbrandt, Mark D. Ludman
fructose intolerance (fructose-1-phosphate aldolase deficiency) Fructose is a sugar present in foods such as fruits, sugar cane, corn syrup, honey and fruit juices. Table sugar or sucrose contains fructose and glucose. Fructose intolerance ...
The aldolase A, B, and C enzymes (EC 18.104.22.168) catalyze the reversible conversion of fructose-1-diphosphate into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate, and deficiencies in the A and B enzymes have been identified.
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Video about Aldolase
Video shows what aldolase means. An enzyme, present in some tissue, that catalyses the conversion of phosphates of fructose to those of glyceraldehyde and ...
Scrabble value of A1L1D2O1L1A1S1E1
The value of this 8-letter word is 9 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.
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