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Who is Alexander Maconochie?
Alexander Maconochie was a Scottish naval officer, geographer, and penal reformer.
- born on (228 years ago) in Edinburgh
- nationality: Scotland
- profession: Military officer
- died on (155 years ago) in Morden
- written works: "Emigration", "Crime and punishment", "Thoughts on convict management"
Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alexander Maconochie
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by Mary Bosworth
Alexander Maconochie is an important figure in penal history, known as the originator of the “marks” system. Maconochie developed this strategy of incentives and privileges at the Norfolk Island penal colony in the mid- 1800s as ...
A Library of Universal Knowledge and an Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language ...
Alexander Maconochie and Walter Crofton are ...
by David Andrew Schultz
Alexander Maconochie, director of the English penal colony on Norfolk Island off the coast of Australia from 1840 to 1843, is generally described as the father of parole. Early release for “good behavior” served as a deterrent for misbehavior in ...
Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Alexander Maconochie
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