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Alfred Schnittke


Who is Alfred Schnittke?

Alfred Schnittke was a Soviet and Russian composer. Schnittke's early music shows the strong influence of Dmitri Shostakovich. He developed a polystylistic technique in works such as the epic Symphony No. 1 and his first concerto grosso. In the 1980s, Schnittke's music began to become more widely known abroad with the publication of his second and third string quartets and the String Trio; the ballet Peer Gynt; the third, fourth, and fifth symphonies; and the viola and first cello concertos. As his health deteriorated, Schnittke's music started to abandon much of the extroversion of his polystylism and retreated into a more withdrawn, bleak style.

  • also known as Альфред Гарриевич Шнитке; Альфред Гаррьевич Шнитке; Schnittke; A. Schnittke; Alfred Shnitke; Schnittke, Alfred Garyevich; A. Shnitke; Alfred Garriyevich Schnittke; Альфре́д Га́рриевич Шни́тке; Al'fred Garrievič Šnitke; Альфред Шнитке; Шнитке, Альфред Гарриевич
  • born on (81 years ago) in Engels, Saratov Oblast, child of Harry Viktorovich Schnittke and Maria Losifovna Schnittke
  • ethnicity: Jewish people, Caucasus Germans, Germans, Volga Germans
  • nationality: Soviet Union, Germany
  • education: Musical composition at Moscow Conservatory between and (8 years)
  • profession: Composer, film score composer, pianist, teacher
  • spouses:
  • parent of Andrei Schnittke
  • died on (17 years ago) in Hamburg of stroke
  • buried in Novodevichy Cemetery
  • genres: 20th-century classical music, Aleatoric music, Opera, Ballet, Chamber music, Christian music, Film score
  • albums: "Ritual, (K)ein Sommernachtstraum, Passacaglia, Seid nüchtern und wachet, Faust cantata (Malmö Symphony Orchestra)", "Concerto Grosso no. 1 / Concerto for Cello and Orchestra", "Concerto for Choir / Two Small Pieces for Organ", "Choir Concerto", "Symphony no. 1", "Viola Concerto / Trio Sonata", "Symphony No. 2 "St. Florian" (USSR Ministry of Culture Chamber Choir, Leningrad Philharmonic Symphonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Gennadi Rozhdestvensky)", "Cello Concerto / Stille musik / Cello Sonata", "Concerto Grosso No. 1 / Quasi una sonata / Moz-Art à la Haydn / A Paganini (Gidon Kremer)", "Concerto for Piano Fours Hands & Concerto for Piano and Strings (London Sinfonietta feat. conductor: Guennadi Rojdestvenski)", "Concerto Grosso III / Sonata for Violin and Chamber Orchestra / Trio Sonata", "Improvisation and Fugue (piano: Karine Gilanyan)", "Concerti Grossi 1 & 5 etc.", "Tribute to Alfred Schnittke", "Requiem / Piano Concerto", "Symphony no. 3", "Concerto for Piano and String Orchestra / Violin Concerto No. 3 / Sonata No. 3 for Violin and Piano", "The Alfred Schnittke Edition, Volume 13: Piano Quintet / Kanon in memoriam Igor Strawinsky / Piano Quartet / String Trio", "Historia von D. Johann Fausten", "Film Music Vol. III", "Complete Works for Cello and Piano", "Concerto Grosso I / Concerto for Oboe and Harp / Concerto for Piano and Strings", "Concerto for Three / String Trio / Minuet / Canon (Gidon Kremer, Yuri Bashmet, Mstislav Rostropovich)", "Psalms of Repentance", "Gogol Suite / Labyrinths", "Schnittke: Chamber Music Vol. 1 (feat. Mateja Marinković, Linn Hendry, Paul Silverthorne, Tim Hugh)", "The Alfred Schnittke Edition, Volume 19: Chamber Music", "Cello Concerto No. 2 / In Memoriam", "The Alfred Schnittke Edition, Volume 8: Symphony no. 4 / Requiem", "The Alfred Schnittke Edition, Volume 16: Symphony no. 1", "Film Music (USSR Cinematography Orchestra feat. conductor: Emin Khachaturian)", "Concerto Grosso No. 2 / Viola Concerto (USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Guennadi Rozhdestvensky)", "Sonatas for Violin & Piano 1 & 2 / Suite in the Old Style (feat. violin: Mark Lubotsky, piano: Ralf Gothoni)", "Music for the Movies", "Concerto for Choir / Requiem (Prague Philharmonic Choir feat. conductor: Jaroslav Brych)", "Symphony no. 2 "St Florian"", "The Alfred Schnittke Edition, Volume 18: Peer Gynt", "Life With an Idiot (Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Mstislav Rostropovich)", "Concerto Grosso no. 1 / Symphony no. 9", "Concerto grosso no. 4 (Symphony no. 5) / Pianissimo", "String Quartets Nos. 2 & 3 / Piano Quintet (The Lark Quartet feat. piano: Gary Graffman)", "Sonata for Piano No. 1 / Little Piano Pieces / Concerto for Piano and Strings (feat. piano: Svetlana Ponomarëva)", "Gidon Kremer Plays Sibelius & Schnittke", "Violin Concerto, Concerto Grosso No. 5 (Wiener Philharmoniker, feat. conductor: Christoph von Dohnányi, violin: Gidon Kremer, piano: Rainer Keuschnig)", "Britten / Hindemith / Reger / Schnittke", "Voices of Nature", "Kancheli: Vom Winde beweint / Schnittke: Konzert für Viola und Orchester (Orchester der Beethovenhalle Bonn, Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Saarbrücken feat. conductor: Dennis Russell Davies)", "Schnittke: Piano Sonata / Stravinsky: Piano Sonata / Serenade in A / Piano-Rag-Music"
  • written works: "Leben mit einem Idioten", "Praeludium in Memoriam Dmitri Shostakovich", "Besedy s Alʹfredom Shnitke", "Vtoroĭ kontsert"
  • nomination:
    • nominated to Nika Award for Best Music Score - "Commissar"
    • Nika Award for Best Music Score - "Commissar"


"Alfred Schnittke" is a book by Alexander Ivashkin.

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Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Popular Music (2011)

by Colin Larkin

They also established a unique musical identity in several ways: by commissioning new works for the group by modern composers (Philip Glass, Terry Riley, Alfred Schnittke and John Zorn); by working with musicians from other cultures, ...

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Alfred Schnittke

Alfred Schnittke!

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Quotes about Alfred Schnittke

For a solo work I need a definite idea. For the present I have none. (Alfred Schnittke)
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