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Algeria (country)


Algeria, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers. With a total area of 2,381,741 square kilometres, 90% of which is desert, Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa and in the Mediterranean. The country is bordered in the northeast by Tunisia, in the east by Libya, in the west by Morocco, in the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, in the southeast by Niger, and in the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

  • also known as People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Algerie, Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria
  • founded in (53 years ago)
  • part of Africa, Maghreb, Arab world, Mahgrib
  • touristic attraction: Atlas Mountains
  • instance of: African country / African nation = any one of the countries occupying the African continent
  • parts:
    • Algerian capital / Algiers = an ancient port on the Mediterranean
    • Annaba = a port city of northeastern Algeria near the Tunisian border
    • Batna = a town in north central Algeria
    • Blida = a city in northern Algeria at the foot of the Atlas Mountains to the southwest of Algiers
    • Oran = a port city in northwestern Algeria and the country's 2nd largest city
    • Constantine = a walled city in northeastern Algeria to the east of Algiers
    • Djanet = a desert town in southeastern Algeria
    • Hippo Regius / Hippo = an ancient Numidian town in northwestern Africa adjoining present-day Annaba in northeastern Algeria
    • Reggane = a town in central Algeria
    • Timgad = an ancient town founded by the Romans
    • Timimoun = a town in central Algeria in the Atlas Mountains
    • Atlas Mountains = a mountain range in northern Africa between the Mediterranean and the Sahara Desert
  • member of: Arab League = an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation; OPEC / Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries = an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
  • member: Algerian = a native or inhabitant of Algeria

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Algeria (country)

Algeria: Settlement Points

Settlement points with population estimates are used in GRUMP as a guide tovreallocation of population from rural areas to urban extents defined by stable night-time lights. The level of detail available in the settlement points database varies by country.

Photo credit: SEDACMaps

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