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Alkalies a.k.a. Alkali: In chemistry, an alkali is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element. Some authors also define an alkali as a base that dissolves in water. A solution of a soluble base has a pH greater than 7.0. The adjective alkaline is commonly, and alkalescent less often, used in English as a synonym for basic, especially for soluble bases. This broad use of the term is likely to have come about because alkalis were the first bases known to obey the Arrhenius definition of a base, and they are still among the most common bases.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alkalies

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Google previewAsh Glazes (1998)

by Robert Tichane

The difficulty with soluble alkalies is that they are absorbed by the body and during firing have a definite softening and color transfer effect in the body. In addition, they cause problems in mixing a glaze batch. The high alkalinity from the ...

Google previewPocket Encyclopedia (1811)

Or, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Polite Literature by Edward Augustus Kendall

It is distinguished from the fixed alkalies by its volatility, which is so great that it very easily assumes a gaseous form, and is dissipated by a very moderate degree of heat ; and by its pungent smell. Its purest form is that of a gas : it is never solid, ...

Google previewThe London Medical Dictionary, Including Under Distinct Heads Every Branch of Medecine (1809)

by Bartholomew Parr

Nitrous Nitro-muriatic Sulphuric Acid Sulphur Alkalies , Q. Silver Water Sylvanite. — In Ere. Q. Silver Sulphur 45. Oxide of Manganese. In Water. Oxalic Tartaric Citric Fluoric Phosphoric Acids Nitrous Sulphuric Muriatic Sebacic Arsenic Acetous ...

Google previewThe Domestic Encyclopedia, Or, A Dictionary of Facts and Useful Knowledge, Chiefly Applicable to Rural & Domestic Economy (1821)

With an Appendix, Containing Additions in Domestic Medicine, and the Veterinary and Culinary Arts by Anthony Florian Madinger Willich

WATER PLANTAIN [ALKALIES possess the following properties: they have an acrid, caustic, urinous taste; they unite rapidly with all acids, destroying in them all acid character, and forming the class of salts termed neutral; ...

Google previewEncyclopaedia; Or, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature; Constructed on a Plan, by which the Different Sciences and Arts are Digested Into the Form of Distinct Treatises of Systems ... [& Supplement] (1803)

Alkalies. 376 Meyer's theory. becomes soft, and melts into a. Alkalics, . When exposed to cold, or when kept for a long time ...

Google previewEncyclopaedia Perthensis; or, Universal dictionary of Knowledge. [With] Supp (1816)

by Encyclopaedia Perthensis

Alkalies, both fix's! ird volatile, and lime water change them to lfTwn. Those infusions of the juices which have cc.Smj of the Jiative colour of the flowers, suffer * fame changes from the addition of acid and al- 1jb» liquors : even when the flowers ...

Google previewA dictionary of chemistry and mineralogy (1807)

with an account of the processes employed in many of the most important chemical manufactures. To which are added a description of chemical apparatus, and various useful tables of weights and measures, chemical instruments ... Illustrated with 15 engravings by Arthur Aikin, Charles Rochemont Aikin

'We shall now enumerate the properties usually described as belonging to alkalies, distinguishing how far they are possessed by the three falts and the four earths above enumerated. The taste of an alkali is acrid, burning, and nauseous.

Google previewThe British encyclopedia, or, Dictionary of arts and sciences (1809)

by William Nicholson

pbosphoSulpbur ric sulpburric mucous ric Zinc acetous ous sehacic tartarous muriatic Copper sehaqic nitric oxalic citric sulphurLead prussic arsenic citric malic ous Iron Fixed alkalies fluoric acetous sulpbursuheric Silver Ammonia tartarous ...

Google previewEncyclopaedia Britannica, Or a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature (1810)

Alkalies. distilled, the oil is restored to a state of purity, and the ashes. The ashes are then to be washed repeatedly Potash, &c. carbonaceous matter which had been separated, remains with water, till the liquid comes off perfectly tasteless.

Google previewNew International Encyclopedia (1914)

ALKALIES (Fr. alkali, ultimately from Ar. al, the + kaly, ashes of saltwort) . A term applied to the compounds of hydrogen and oxygen with the metals lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and the radicle ammonium. The alkalies are all ...

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Scrabble value of A1L1K5A1L1I1E1S1

The value of this 8-letter word is 12 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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