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Header of Alprazolam


Definition of the noun Alprazolam

What does Alprazolam mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: -

  1. Category:en:DrugsAn antianxiety drug 8-chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine


Alprazolam: A triazolobenzodiazepine agent with anxiolytic, sedative-hypnotic and anticonvulsant activities. Alprazolam binds to a specific site distinct from the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid binding site on the benzodiazepine-GABA-A-chloride ionophore receptor complex located in the limbic, thalamic and hypothalamic regions of the central nervous system. This binding causes an allosteric modification of the receptor and enhances the affinity of GABA to the receptor leading to an increase in the frequency of chloride-channel opening events. This leads to an increase in chloride ion conductance, neuronal hyperpolarization, inhibition of the action potential and leads to a decrease in neuronal excitability.

  • also known as Xanax

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alprazolam

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewComprehensive Dermatologic Drug Therapy (2012)

by Stephen E. Wolverton

Alprazolam is a prototypical quick—acting benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety. Usually half of a 0.25 mg tablet, up to four times daily on an as-needed basis, is adequate to control acute anxiety. The dosage can be titrated upward; however, ...

Google previewAdvances in Psychopharmacology (1984)

by Mark S. Gold, John S. Carman, R. Bruce Lydiard

Alprazolam is an equivalent choice. Assessment of response to anxiolytic medications in general requires that specific anxiety symptoms are measured as targets of drug action. Where and when does the patient experience anticipatory ...

Google previewPsychosocial and Public Health Impacts of New HIV Therapies (2006)

by David G. Ostrow, Seth Kalichman

For example, alprazolam is a low clearance drug and ...

Google previewDermatology (2012)

by Otto Braun-Falco, Gerd Plewig, Helmut Heinrich Wolff, Walter Burgdorf

The unique thing about alprazolam is that it is an anti-anxiety drug that does not have a depressant effect in most patients. If the drug is used for 2–3 weeks for acute situational anxiety, the risk of dependency is almost nil. When terminating ...

Google previewDrug Calculations (2015)

Ratio and Proportion Problems for Clinical Practice by Meta Brown, Joyce L. Mulholland

Controlled Drug Schedules Alprazolam is a C IV-level and morphine is a C II- level drug. C II and C IV are the two most frequently encountered schedules in medication administration. Prescription abuse is a challenging issue for health care ...

Google previewHandbook of Outpatient Treatment of Adults (2013)

Nonpsychotic Mental Disorders by Barry A. Edelstein, Michel Hersen, M.E. Thase

Alprazolam is a triazolo analogue of the 1,4 benzodiazepine class of CNS-active compounds. Following oral administration, it is readily absorbed; peak plasma concentra| Panic disorder + Phobias | w Benzodiazepine, e.g. ...

Google previewMedicine (2004)

by Mark C. Fishman

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine that has antidepressant properties but is considered by most psychiatrists to be less effective than other antidepressants on the market. However, its anxiolytic properties can make it a useful adjunctive ...

Google previewBlueprints Psychiatry (2009)

by Michael Murphy, Ronald Cowan

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine that is useful in alcohol withdrawal. Thiamine and glucose are important treatments in patients who are found unresponsive and would also be important in the management of this patient in case other factors ...

Google previewLexicon of Psychiatry, Neurology, and the Neurosciences (2000)

by Frank J. Ayd

alprazolam vs. haloperidol/disruptive behavior/ dementia Alprazolam (ALP) and haloperidol (HAL) are commonly used by nursing home personnel to manage the disruptive behaviors of elderly cognitively ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Psychopharmacology (2010)

by Ian Stolerman

Definition Alprazolam is a high-potency, short-acting anxiolytic benzodiazepine medication used in the treatment of anxiety, panic, and phobic disorders. It has some antispasmodic and anticonvulsant effects. It is not antidepressant.

Google previewCampbell's Psychiatric Dictionary (2009)

by Robert Jean Campbell

Alprazolam has a similar abuse pattern among opiate ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Human Behavior (2012)

The development of high-potency benzodiazepines like alprazolam (Xanax) and lorazepam (Ativan) has brought clear benefit in the treatment ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Stress and Stress-Related Diseases, Second Edition (2006)

by Ada P. Kahn

Alprazolam is comparable to tricyclic antidepressant medications and is used as an antidepressant for individuals who have an ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Sleep and Sleep Disorders (2010)

by Charles Pollak, Michael J. Thorpy, Jan Yager

Alprazolam, more habit forming than other BENZODIAZEPINES, is often used recreationally and is the most common...

Because of its dependency potential, after it has been used for more than a few days or weeks, alprazolam should never ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Toxicology (2005)

by Bruce Anderson, Ann de Peyster, Shayne C. Gad, P.J. Bert Hakkinen, Michael Kamrin, Betty Locey, Harihara M. Mehendale, Carey Pope, Lee Shugart

VA, USA ' REPRESENTATIVE CHEMIcALsI Alprazolam; Chlordiazepoxide; Clonazepam; Clorazepate dipotassium; Clorazepate monopotassium; Diazepam; Estazolam: Flunitrazepam; Flurazepam; Halazepam; Lorazepam; Midazolam; ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Phobias, Fears, and Anxieties, Third Edition (2009)

by Ronald Manual Doctor, Ada P. Kahn, Christine A. Adamec

ALPRAZOLAM, a BENZODIAZEPINE (popularly known as Xanax), binds to the GABA receptors in the brain. (A drug or NEUROTRANSMITTER “binds” to chemical receptors that are shaped to receive and use it rather than other chemicals.) ...

Google previewConcise Medical Dictionary (2015)

by Elizabeth Martin

alprazolam. n. a * benzodiazepine used for the shortterm relief of anxiety. It is administered by mouth; sideeffects include drowsiness and lightheadedness. Trade name: Xanax. alprostadil.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (2005)

by Arthur Freeman, Stephanie Felgoise

compared CBGT, alprazolam, phenelzine, and placebo plus self- directed exposure. Results found no differences between groups on self-report measures of social avoidance, distress, fear of negative evaluation, and positive and ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine Third Edition (2012)

by Michael T. Murray, Joseph Pizzorno

Examples include: Alprazolam (Alprazolam, Xanax) Chlordiazepoxide ( Librium) ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine (2015)

Breast Milk Acetaminophen, alprazolam, amitriptyline, amphetamine, benzoyle. cgonine, buprenorphine, Carbamazepine, chloral hydrate, chlorpromazine, clozapine, ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Stress, Three-Volume Set (2000)

alprazolam), and stimulant and hallucinatory drugs of abuse (e.g., amphetamines, cocaine, and ...

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Scrabble value of A1L1P3R1A1Z10O1L1A1M3

The value of this 10-letter word is 23 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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