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Header of Aortic Dissection

Aortic dissection

Explanation

Aortic dissection occurs when a tear in the inner wall of the aorta causes blood to flow between the layers of the wall of the aorta, forcing the layers apart. In most cases this is associated with severe characteristic chest or abdominal pain described as "tearing" in character, and often with other symptoms that result from decreased blood supply to other organs. Aortic dissection is a medical emergency and can quickly lead to death, even with optimal treatment, as a result of decreased blood supply to other organs, cardiac failure, and sometimes rupture of the aorta. Aortic dissection is more common in those with a history of high blood pressure, a known thoracic aortic aneurysm, and in a number of conditions that affect blood vessel wall integrity such as Marfan syndrome and the vascular subtype of Ehlers–Danlos syndrome. The diagnosis is made with medical imaging.

  • also known as 박리성 대동맥류, ביתור של האאורטה, ביתור של אבי העורקים, דיסקציה של האאורטה, דיסקציה של אבי העורקים, קרע של אב העורקים, דיסקציה של אב העורקים, קרע של האאורטה, קרע באאורטה, Aort Yırtılması, Aortik Diseksiyon, 主动脉夹层

Printed books with definitions for Aortic dissection

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Google previewKirklin/Barratt-Boyes Cardiac Surgery (2012)

by Nicholas T. Kouchoukos, Eugene H. Blackstone, Frank L. Hanley, James K. Kirklin

DEFINITION Acute aortic dissection is an event of sudden onset in which blood leaves the normal aortic lumen through a...

Google previewVascular Medicine (2012)

A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease by Mark Creager, Joseph Loscalzo, Joshua A. Beckman

Acute aortic dissection is an uncommon but life-threatening emergency that requires prompt diagnosis, rapid triage,and...

Nevertheless, acute aortic dissection is a rare event.

Google previewDynamic Echocardiography (2010)

by Roberto Lang, Steven R. Goldstein, Itzhak Kronzon, Bijoy K. KHANDHERIA

Type a aortic dissection is an absolute medical emergency requiring prompt surgical repair because likelihood of survival decreases with each passing hour. Up to 90% of patients with type a ...

Google previewThoraco-Abdominal Aorta (2011)

Surgical and Anesthetic Management by Roberto Chiesa, Germano Melissano, Alberto Zangrillo

Lobato Abstract Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease ...

Google previewComputed Tomography & Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of The Whole Body (2008)

by John R. Haaga, Daniel Boll

Acute aortic dissection is a true medical emergency that must be recognized promptly and diagnosed accurately. The mortality rate in untreated patients is reported to be approximately 25% during the first 24 hours, 70% during the first 2 weeks ...

Google previewCritical Care Ultrasound Manual - Enhanced (2013)

by Anthony McLean, Stephen Huang

Aortic dissection refers to a tear in the intimal layer of the aortic wall, which is followed by the formation and propagation of a subintimal haematoma forming a false lumen. •. Aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition. It can ...

Google previewSheehy’s Manual of Emergency Care (2012)

by ENA

Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening condition that occurs when a tear in the intimal (or innermost) layer of the aorta allows blood flow to enter the aortic media. Propelled by the pulsatile flow and high pressures with the aorta, this column ...

Google previewAtlas of Vascular Medicine (2011)

A Case-Based Approach to Current Management by Harold Litt, MD, PhD, Emile R. Mohler III, MD

Type A aortic dissection is a true surgical emergency; initiation of beta-blockade and intravenous vasodilators should not delay emergent surgical consultation. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES 88% at 10 years with a 16% risk of reoperation, ...

Google previewTextbook of Clinical Echocardiography (2016)

Medicine, Medicine by CTI Reviews

Aortic dissection Aortic sinus Atheroma Dissection Aortic dissection is a tear in the wall of the aorta that causes blood to flow between the layers of the wall of the aorta and force the layers apart. Aortic dissection is a medical emergency and ...

Google previewRadiology of Peripheral Vascular Diseases (2012)

by E. Zeitler

Introduction Aortic dissection is a disease process with overlapping clinical and pathological definitions. Strictly speaking, aortic ...

Google previewKirklin/Barratt-Boyes Cardiac Surgery,Expert Consult - Online and Print (2-Volume Set),4 (2012)

Kirklin/Barratt-Boyes Cardiac Surgery by Nicholas T. Kouchoukos, Eugene H. Blackstone, Frank L. Hanley, James K. Kirklin

DEFINITION Acute aortic dissection is an event of sudden onset in which blood leaves the normal aortic lumen through a...

Google previewTextbook of Adult Emergency Medicine (2014)

by Peter Cameron, George Jelinek, Anne-Maree Kelly, Anthony F. T. Brown, Mark Little

Aortic dissection is a clinical diagnosis confirmed through focused investigation. A high...

Aortic dissection is an uncommon yet potentially lethal condition. A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose it ...

Google previewHeart Smart (2006)

A Cardiologist's 5-Step Plan for Detecting, Preventing, and Even Reversing Heart Disease by Matthew S. DeVane

Aortic dissection is an uncommon but often fatal cause of chest pain. Actor John Ritter's tragic and early death from...

An aortic dissection is a tear in the wall of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. You may be at high risk for aortic dissection ...

Google previewCardiovascular Interventions in Clinical Practice (2010)

by Jürgen Haase, Hans-Joachim Schäfers, Horst Sievert, Ron Waksman

Aortic dissection is an uncommon and fatal disease, if left untreated...

Aortic dissection is a major cause of mortality in patients with Marfan's syndrome, accounting for >40% of deaths [74]. Congenital anomalies ...

Google previewClinical Examination (2013)

A Systematic Guide to Physical Diagnosis by Nicholas J Talley, Simon O’Connor

ACUTE AORTIC DISSECTION Acute aortic dissection is a difficult diagnosis that cannot usually be excluded on clinical grounds. A tear in the intima leads to blood surging into the aortic media, separating the intima and adventitia; this may ...

Google previewRobbins and Cotran Review of Pathology (2009)

by Edward C. Klatt, Vinay Kumar

Aortic dissection is an acute condition that can produce a hemothorax. Cirrhosis is more likely to be associated with ascites or liver failure with hypoalbuminemia leading to hydrothorax. Miliary tuberculosis is seen as a reticulonodular pattern ...

Google previewCurrent Therapy in Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (2014)

by James C. Stanley, Frank Veith, Thomas W Wakefield

Clearly, dealing with a chronic aortic dissection is a potential problem in that the false lumen might not become obliterated. Nevertheless, because of continued perfusion of the false lumen from the many intercostal vessels, thrombosis of the ...

Google previewSurgery of the Aorta and Its Body Branches (2009)

by Mark D. Morash, William H. Pearce, James S. T. Yao

Understanding aortic dissection is a three-fold problem: understanding what causes aortic dissection, how to diagnose it, and how best to treat it. Astonishingly, the medical community is little closer now to an understanding of the pathogenesis ...

Google previewDiagnostic Imaging for the Emergency Physician (2011)

by Joshua Broder

Aortic dissection is a relatively rare disease, and the combination of a nonconcerning history, a normal chest x-ray, and the absence of blood pressure differentials or pulse deficits has a strong likelihood ratio negative (see Table 7-9) . Consider ...

Google previewPeripheral Vascular Disease for Cardiologists (2008)

A Clinical Approach by John Spittell

Acute aortic dissection is an important condition for the cardiologist to keep in mind since it is one of the life-threatening disorders that presents with acute chest pain mimicking acute myocardial infarction. Despite its high early mortality (about ...

Google previewIatrogenic Conditions of the Chest, Abdomen, and Pelvis, An Issue of Radiologic Clinics of North America, (2014)

by Gabriela Gayer

Iatrogenic aortic dissection is a rare potential complication of cardiovascular surgery including aortic repair, with a reported incidence of 0.06% to 0.23%; however, when present the complication is often fatal, with a mortality rate of 48% in the ...

Google previewThoracic Emergencies, An Issue of Emergency Medicine Clinics (2012)

by Joel Turner

Aortic dissection is a tear in the ...

Google preview50 Cases in Clinical Cardiology (2014)

by Atul Luthra

Acute aortic dissection is an uncommon but potentially fatal ...

Google previewEvidence-Based Emergency Care (2012)

Diagnostic Testing and Clinical Decision Rules by Jesse M. Pines, Christopher R. Carpenter, Ali S. Raja, Jeremiah D. Schuur

Similarly, thoracic aortic dissection is a differential diagnostic consideration for patients presenting to the ED with chest pain. Given the low frequency (but high morbidity and mortality) of aortic emergencies, ED evaluation should appropriately ...

Google previewTextbook of Critical Care (2011)

by Jean-Louis Vincent, Edward Abraham, Patrick Kochanek, Frederick A. Moore, Mitchell P. Fink

Aortic dissection is a major contraindication to pericardiocen- tesis. Relative contraindications include uncorrected coagu- lopathy; anticoagulant therapy; thrombocytopenia less than 50,000/mm3; and small, posterior, and loculated effusions.

Google previewMacleod's Clinical Examination (2013)

by Graham Douglas, Fiona Nicol, Colin Robertson

Aortic dissection is a tear in the intima of the aorta that allows blood to penetrate the media under high pressure, cleaving the aortic wall. It is usually associated with abrupt onset of very severe, tearing chest pain which can radiate to the back ...

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