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Header of Atomic Orbital

Atomic orbital

Definition of the noun Atomic orbital

What does Atomic orbital mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. [quantum] [chemistry] The quantum mechanical behaviour of an electron in an atom describing the probability of the electron's particular position and energy.
  2. A particular atomic orbital associated with a given set of quantum numbers.

Explanation

Atomic orbital: An atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wave-like behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom. This function can be used to calculate the probability of finding any electron of an atom in any specific region around the atom's nucleus. The term may also refer to the physical region or space where the electron can be calculated to be present, as defined by the particular mathematical form of the orbital.

  • also known as 原子轨道

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Atomic orbital

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewChemistry: Principles and Practice (2009)

by Daniel Reger, Scott Goode, David Ball

An atomic orbital is a wave function described by specific allowed values of the n, l, and ml quantum numbers. An atomic orbital is a wave function described by specific allowed values of the n, l, and ml quantum numbers. The principal quantum number is designated by n and provides information about the distance of the electron from the nucleus. The principal quantum number is designated by n and provides information about the distance of the electron from the nucleus. All orbitals ...

Google previewChemistry, The Practical Science (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Atomic orbital: An atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wavelike behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom. This function can be used to calculate the probability of finding any electron of an atom in any specific region around the atom's nucleus. The term may also refer to the physical region where the electron can be calculated to be, as defined by the particular mathematical form of the orbital. Band gap: In solid state physics, a band gap, ...

Google previewElectron Flow in Organic Chemistry, A Decision-Based Guide to Organic Mechanisms (2016)

Chemistry, Organic chemistry by CTI Reviews

Atomic orbital: An atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wavelike behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom.

Google previewInorganic Chemistry (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Atomic orbital: An atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wavelike behavior of either oneelectron or a pairof electrons in an atom. This function can be used to calculate ...

Google previewA TEXTBOOK OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND PROBLEM ANALYSIS (2014)

by K. L. GHATAK

An atomic orbital is a mathematical function which describes the wave-like nature of either one ...

Google previewPrinciples of Electronic Materials and Devices (2016)

by CTI Reviews

The overlap of the constituent atomic orbitals is said to be 'out of phase' and as such the electrons present in each antibondingorbital arerepulsive and act to destabilize the molecule as a whole. a. Lawsone b. Selenium c. Silicon d. antibonding 5. An atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the ...

Google previewDictionary of Chemistry

molecular orbital An orbital similar to an atomic orbital, but which spreads ...

Google previewElsevier's Dictionary of Vitamins and Pharmacochemistry (2006)

by Henry Philippsborn

d Atomnummer f; Protonenzahl f; Kernladungszahl f; Ordnungszahl f numéro matomique; numéro m des protons número matômico; número m de prótons * atomic orbit → 2208 * atomic orbital → 672 atomic shell; atomic energy level (Mol .) (Molecular biology; K, L, M, N, OP, Q.) d Hauptschale f des Atoms; Energieniveau n des Atoms f couche fatomique; niveau mélectronique p camada f do átomo; nível meletrônico atomic subshell; atomic orbital (Mol.) (Molecular biology; ref. to atomic ...

Google previewInternational Encyclopaedia of Engineering and Technology (2007)

by M N Doja

atomic orbital A wave function that describes the behavior of International Encyclopaedia of Engineering and Technology • 137.

Google previewSterling Dictionary of Physics (1999)

by Jasvinder Singh

Atomic Orbital : See orbital. Atomic Theory : Theory of the structure of atom. Dalton put forward the first explanation in the beginning of the nineteenth ...

Google previewDictionary of Biomedical Science (2002)

by Peter J. Gosling

See ATOMIC ORBITAL; MOLECULAR ORBITAL. order (taxonomy) In biological CLASSIFICATION, ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Science (2017)

by Jonathan Law

the nucleus – an atomic orbital (see illustration). Alternatively, the orbital can be thought of as an electric charge distribution (averaged over time). In representing orbitals it is convenient to take a surface enclosing the space in which the electron is likely to be found with a high probability. The possible atomic orbitals correspond to subshells of the atom. Thus there is one s-orbital for each shell (orbital quantum number l = 0). This is spherical. There are three p- orbitals (corresponding ...

Google previewThe Rosen Comprehensive Dictionary of Chemistry (2007)

by John O. E. Clark, William Hemsley

atomic orbital Wave function that characterizes the behavior of an electron when orbiting the nucleus of an atom. It can be visualized as the region in space occupied by the electron. s -orbital Atomic orbit als atomic weight (at. wt.) Relative mass of an atom given in terms of atomic mass units. See relative atomic mass. Auger effect Radiationless ejection ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Concise (2013)

by Herman F. Mark

AO atomic orbital cm centimeter AOAC Association of Official Analytical Chemists cmil circular mil AOCS American Oil Chemists' Society cmpd compound APHA American Public Health Association CNS central nervous system API American Petroleum Institute CoA coenzyme A aq aqueous COD chemical oxygen demand Ar aryl coml commercial(ly) ar- aromatic cp chemically pure as- asymmetric(al) cph close-packed hexagonal ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, ...

Google previewThe Rosen Comprehensive Dictionary of Physics (2007)

by John Owen Edward Clark, William Hemsley

atomic orbital Wave function that characterizes the behavior of an electron when orbiting the nucleus of an atom. It can be visualized as the region in space occupied by the electron. atomic weight (at. wt.) Relative mass of an atom given in terms of atomic mass units. See relative atomic mass. attenuation Loss of strength of a physical quantity (e.g., ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry (2016)

An alternative to using large basis sets to overcome the gauge problem is to introduce gauge factors either into the atomic orbitals of the basis set or into the MOs of a CHF calculations of nuclear shielding. The inclusion of gauge factors in the atomic orbitals used gives rise to the gauge-included atomic orbital (GIAO) method. In contrast the IGLO (individual gauges for ...

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