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The Aurignacian culture is an archaeological culture of the Upper Palaeolithic, located in Europe and southwest Asia. It lasted broadly within the period from ca. 45,000 to 35,000 years ago. The name originates from the type site of Aurignac in the Haute-Garonne area of France.

  • also known as 奥瑞纳文化

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Aurignacian

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Google previewThe Wadi El Ḥasā Archaeological Survey, 1979-1983, West-central Jordan (1988)

by Burton MacDonald

The Levantine Aurignacian is an assemblage type characterized by lots of endscrapers and burins generally made on flakes, with moderate retouched bladelet frequencies. The Ahmarian (after Erq el 'Ahmar, in the Judean Desert) is ...

Google previewThe Settlement of the American Continents (2004)

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Human Biogeography by C. Michael Barton

The Levantine Aurignacian is a flake industry bearing no resemblance whatsoever to its French counterpart (Coinman 1998; Marks 1983). It almost entirely lacks personal ornaments, bone or antler tools, figurines, portable art, parietal art, ...

Google previewA Text-book of European Archaeology (1921)

by Robert Alexander Stewart Macalister

The fact of a superposition of races at the time of the change from Mousterian to Aurignacian is a stubborn reality, and the theory of an immigration, to whatever cause it may have been due, is the only one that will account for it satisfactorily, ...

Google previewThe American Historical Review (1916)

by John Franklin Jameson, Henry Eldridge Bourne, Robert Livingston Schuyler

But on the following page one reads: "Yet the Aurignacians, or men of Cro- Magnon, were a primitive people", etc. Again on page 177 the race of Cro- Magnon is called Aurignacian. In that part of the book devoted to palaeolithic man, the use of ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Anthropology (2005)

FIVE-VOLUME SET by H. James Birx

The Aurignacian is an early Upper Paleolithic, or Late Stone Age, culture dating to between 34,000 and 27,000 years...

Aurignacian artifacts have long been considered representative of the culture of the first anatomically modern humans ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Quaternary Science (2013)

by Scott Elias, Cary Mock

The panEuropean Aurignacian and Gravettian technocomplexes have been extensively studied,andare presumed tobe 'true' Upper Paleolithic entities.In addition totheworkingof bone,antler, andivory (notjusttoproduce awls), the use of ...

Google previewWorld History Encyclopedia [21 volumes] (2011)

by Alfred J. Andrea Ph.D.

This period of the occupation of Europe is known as the Upper Paleolithic, and the archaeological culture carried by these newcomers is known as the Aurignacian, first defined from excavations at the Aurignac rockshelter in the French ...

Google previewDictionary of Artifacts (2008)

by Barbara Ann Kipfer

AURIGNACIAN ground. The delineation of the figures is sometimes heightened by the use of incised lines and the addition of white or purple color. attribute: a distinct, individual characteristic of an artifact that cannot be further subdivided and ...

Google previewEncyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology (2013)

by Barbara Ann Kipfer

No known sitehas a complete and unbroken “Perigordian” sequence, andin many caves the Lowerand Upper“Périgordian” levels are separated by strata of theintrusive Aurignacian industry, which must representa break ofseveral thousand ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Archaeology (2008)

by Ian Shaw, Robert Jameson

MC Aurignacian Early Upper Palaeolithic industry (c.38000–28000 BC) that presents a full blade technology and a wide range ...

Google previewWiley-Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution (2015)

by Bernard Wood

Aurignacian. A material culture named after the site of Aurignac in France. Generally thought to be the oldest modern human (or Cro-Magnon) culture in Europe, its hallmarks are the use of blades, bone tools, beads, and other objects of ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science (2004)

by John Gunn

On the other hand, the caves of the Swabian Alb have yielded some of the oldest examples of mobile art objects as well as musical instruments belonging to the early Upper Paleolithic Aurignacian culture (approximately 30 to 34 000 BP) ...

Google previewCompanion Encyclopedia of Archaeology (1999)

by Graeme Barker

40,000 BP a new archaeological 'culture' appears, the Aurignacian, which seems to have developed first in the Near East and then spread westwards across Europe. The Aurignacian is characterized by a concentration of blade technology , ...

Google previewThe New International Encyclopaedia (1918)

by Frank Moore Colby, Talcott Williams

Aurignacian 4 Cold Gradual retreat of glaciers Mammoth, Siberian rhinoceros reindeer, cave bear, bison horse. Man: Cro-Magnon race Mousterian 5 Cold and moist Great extension of glaciers, and consequent changes of the soil and levels ...

Google previewA Dictionary of World History (2015)

by Anne Kerr, Edmund Wright

Aurignacian. See PALAEOLITHIC . Ausgleich. (1867; German, 'compromise') A constitutional compromise between Hungary and the *Austrian empire following the defeat of Austria in Italy and Germany. It was drawn up by Francis Deák, and ...

Google previewBritannica Concise Encyclopedia (2008)

by Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.

The Aurignacian period dates to 35,000– 15,000 BC . Its tools included scrapers, burins (which made the engraving possible), and blades. Points and awls were fashioned from bones and antlers. Aurignacian art represents the first complete ...

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Scrabble value of A1U1R1I1G2N1A1C3I1A1N1

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