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Chemosynthesis

Definition of the noun chemosynthesis

What does chemosynthesis mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: chemosyntheses

  1. synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water; limited to certain bacteria and fungi
    • lexical domain: Natural Processes - nouns denoting natural processes
    • more generic word: synthesis = the process of producing a chemical compound

Explanation

Chemosynthesis: In biochemistry, chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules and nutrients into organic matter using the oxidation of inorganic molecules or methane as a source of energy, rather than sunlight, as in photosynthesis. Chemoautotrophs, organisms that obtain carbon through chemosynthesis, are phylogenetically diverse, but groups that include conspicuous or biogeochemically-important taxa include the sulfur-oxidizing gamma and epsilon proteobacteria, the aquificaeles, the methanogenic archaea and the neutrophilic iron-oxidizing bacteria.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Chemosynthesis

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewBiology of the Invertebrates (2016)

by CTI Reviews

In biochemistry, chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or.

Google previewWater from Heaven (2003)

The Story of Water From the Big Bang to the Rise of Civilization, and Beyond by Robert Kandel

This chemosynthesis is the start of the food chain that nourishes the entire hydrothermal vent ...

Google previewThe Global Coastal Ocean (2005)

Multiscale Interdisciplinary Processes by Allan R. Robinson, Kenneth H. Brink

chemosynthesis is a source of new organic matter production in sediments, although in the absence of hydrothermal fluids or methane seeps the quantity produced is limited by the original organic ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Inland Waters (2009)

Chemosynthesis. and. Food. Webs. Oxicanoxicinterfacesare known tobesites ofhigh biologicalactivity withhighabundance and biomassof microorganisms. In fact, several studies have indicatedthat chemosynthetic organisms such ...

Google previewThe American Heritage Science Dictionary (2005)

by American Heritage Dictionary

chemosynthesis (ke'mo-sln'thi-sis) The formation of organic compounds using the ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Science (2017)

by Jonathan Law

chemosynthesis. A type of *autotrophic nutrition in which organisms (called chemoautotrophs) synthesize organic materials using energy derived from the oxidation of inorganic chemicals, rather than from sunlight. Most chemoautotrophs are ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Adaptations in the Natural World (2009)

by Adam Simmons

Chemosynthesis Until recently, it was thought that all life on earth is dependent on the food produced by plants, bacteria, and algae through photosynthesis. In the last 30 years, though, as we have explored our planet more thoroughly, we ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (2013)

by Chris Park, Michael Allaby

primary producer An *autotroph that captures energy from the environment and turns it into *biomass through * photosynthesis or *chemosynthesis, and forms the base (lowest *trophic level) of a *food ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Environmental Change (2013)

Three Volume Set by John A Matthews

chemosynthesis The use by bacterial microorganisms of inorganic and organic compounds (e.g. hydrogen sulfide, methane, ammonia) as a source of ...

Google previewDictionary of Ecodesign (2010)

An Illustrated Reference by Ken Yeang, Lillian Woo

Chemosynthesis. Process in which certain organisms extract inorganic compounds from the environment and convert them into organic nutrients without the presence of sunlight. Chimney effect See: Stack effect Chlorinated hydrocarbons ...

Google previewThe Facts on File Dictionary of Botany (2002)

by Jill Bailey

chemoautotrophism (chemosynthesis) See autotrophism; chemotrophism. chemoheterotrophism See chemotrophism; heterotrophism. chemoreceptor An organ or structure that responds to a particular chemical stimulant. chemosynthesis ...

Google previewAntarctica and the Arctic Circle: A Geographic Encyclopedia of the Earth's Polar Regions [2 volumes] (2014)

by Andrew Jon Hund

Still others are able to fix inorganic carbon into cellular material in a process called chemosynthesis. Unlike photosynthesis, which converts sunlight into usable energy, chemosynthesis uses chemical energy. This process may play a role in ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (2013)

by Michael Allaby

bacterial chemosynthesis See CHEMOSYNTHESIS. badlands Term originally applied to the intricately eroded plateau country of S. Dakota, Nebraska, and N. Dakota, but now ...

Google previewDictionary of Zoo Biology and Animal Management (2013)

by Paul A. Rees

chemoautotroph A bacteriumorotherorganismcapable ofderivingenergyfromchemical reactions and synthesising organic molecules byoxidisinginorganic molecules (chemosynthesis), e.g. hydrogen sulphide, ferrousiron.

Google previewThe Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English (2017)

by Clive Upton, Jr William a Kretzschmar

chemosynthesis BR ˌkiːmə(ʊ)ˈsɪnθƗsɪs, ˌkɛmə(ʊ) ˈsɪnθƗ sɪs AM ˌkɛmoʊˈsɪnθəsəs, ˌkimoʊˈsɪnθəsəs chemotaxis BR ˌkiːmə(ʊ)ˈtaksɪs, ˌkɛmə(ʊ)ˈtaksɪs AM ˌkɛmoʊˈtæksɪs, ˌkimoʊˈtæksɪs ...

Google previewScience Encyclopedia (2016)

Atom Smashing, Food Chemistry, Animals, Space, and More! by National Geographic Society (U. S.), National Geographic Kids

Oxygen CARBON DOXDE MNERALS GROUND WATER CHEMOSYNTHESIS no scientists explosing deep parts of the ocean were astonished to discover animals living aroundvents ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Ecology (2014)

and chemical energy from thermodyna- mically favorable oxidation–reduction reactions (via chemosynthesis). Photosynthesis ( Light ...

Google previewMarine Affairs Dictionary (2004)

Terms, Concepts, Laws, Court Cases, and International Conventions and Agreements by Niels West

CHEMOSYNTHESIS: The primary production of organic matter from the oxidation of inorganic molecules in the absence of light. (See also Black Smoker; Chemotroph; ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2011)

by Dr. Stephen H. Schneider, Dr. Michael Mastrandrea, Terry L. Root

A few types of bacteria use an alternative mode of autotrophic energy acquisition, termed chemosynthesis. This process involves the harnessing of energy associated with simple chemical species such as methane, hydrogen sulfide, or nitrite ...

Google previewThe Facts on File Dictionary of Biology (2009)

by Robert Hine, Daintith

chemoautotrophism /kee-moh-aw-tŏ- troff-ik, kem-oh-/ ( chemosynthesis) See au- totrophism; chemotrophism. chemoheterotrophism /kee -moh-het-ĕ- ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Chemosynthesis

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Video about Chemosynthesis

Chemosynthesis Meaning

Video shows what chemosynthesis means. the production of carbohydrates and other compounds from simple compounds such as carbon dioxide, using the ...

Scrabble value of C3H4E1M3O1S1Y4N1T1H4E1S1I1S1

The value of this 14-letter word is 27 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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