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Jizya

Definition of the noun Jizya

What does Jizya mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. [Islam] A per capita tax levied on a section of an Islamic state's non-Muslim citizens, who meet certain criteria.

Explanation

Jizya: Under Islamic law, jizya or jizyah is a per capita tax levied on a section of an Islamic state's non-Muslim subjects, who meet certain criteria. The tax is and was to be levied on able-bodied adult males of military age. From the point of view of the Muslim rulers, jizya was a material proof of the non-Muslims' acceptance of subjection to the state and its laws. In return, non-Muslim subjects are permitted to practice their faith, to enjoy a measure of communal autonomy, to be entitled to the Muslim state's protection from outside aggression, and to be exempted from military service and from the zakat tax levied upon Muslim citizens. The jizya continued to be applied in Persia and many North African countries into the 19th century, but almost vanished in the 20th century. The tax is no longer imposed by nation states in the Islamic world. However, armed groups such as ISIS enforce it in some areas they have captured.

  • also known as 吉茲亞

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Jizya

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Google previewAfter Pluralism (2012)

Reimagining Religious Engagement by Courtney Bender, Pamela E. Klassen

The term jizya refers to the poll tax that non-Muslims would pay to live in peace in Muslim territory. This particular tax has been...

Google previewThe Muslim Diaspora (Volume 1, 570-1500) (1999)

A Comprehensive Chronology of the Spread of Islam in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas by Everett Jenkins, Jr.

The jizya is a tax levied on the dhimmi—the non–Muslim adherents to the monotheistic Abrahamic religions, especially Christians and Jews. The jizya is collected after the end of the lunar year. Typically, the dhimmi received a receipt —a ...

Google previewReorienting the East (2014)

Jewish Travelers to the Medieval Muslim World by Martin Jacobs

However, since the jizya is a symbol of Muslim hegemony, it does not conform with this picture of Jewish autonomy. For this reason, apparently, the tax ...

Google previewمختصر صحيح البخاري (1997)

Jizya is a head tax imposed by Islám on the people of Scriptures and other people who have a revealed Book when they are under Muslim rule. season. Can a child touch the dates collected as Zakāt. 24. The Book of ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Islamic Civilization and Religion (2013)

by Ian Richard Netton

JIZYA. This was the per-capita tax formerly paid by non-Muslims when living under the aegis of Islam. It was introduced by the Prophet Muhammad in the year AD 630¥1. It required non-Muslim adult males to pay a form of poll tax on behalf of ...

Google previewThe Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought (2013)

by Gerhard Böwering, Patricia Crone

IAn TALBoT jizya The jizya was a poll tax that all non-Muslim, adult males living in territories controlled by Islamic...

The jizya became one of the most public stipulations of a pact between the People of the Book and the Muslim ruler, under ...

Google previewDictionary of Wars (2013)

by George Childs Kohn

reimposedthe hated poll tax(jizya)lifted ...

Google previewThe Nile: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture (2017)

by John A. Shoup III

Conquered citizens were given three choices: convert to Islam, pay tribute (jizya in Arabic), or die as enemies of the state. Note that these terms were not dissimilar to the choices any ancient or medieval state gave conquered citizenries, and ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Jizya

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Video about Jizya

Jizya Meaning

Video shows what jizya means. A per capita tax levied on a section of an Islamic state's non-Muslim citizens, who meet certain criteria.. Jizya Meaning. How to ...

Scrabble value of J8I1Z10Y4A1

The value of this 5-letter word is 24 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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