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Spline

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Definition of the noun spline

What does spline mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: splines

  1. a flexible strip (wood or rubber) used in drawing curved lines
    • lexical domain: Artifacts - nouns denoting man-made objects
    • more generic word: strip = thin piece of wood or metal
  2. a thin strip (wood or metal)
    • lexical domain: Artifacts - nouns denoting man-made objects
    • synonym of spline: slat
    • more generic word: strip = thin piece of wood or metal
    • more specific words:
      • lath = a narrow thin strip of wood used as backing for plaster or to make latticework
      • louver / louvre / fin = one of a set of parallel slats in a door or window to admit air and reject rain
      • splat = a slat of wood in the middle of the back of a straight chair
      • stave / lag = one of several thin slats of wood forming the sides of a barrel or bucket
    • part of: Venetian blind = a window blind made of horizontal strips that overlap when closed

Explanation

  1. Spline: In mathematics, a spline is a numeric function that is piecewise-defined by polynomial functions, and which possesses a sufficiently high degree of smoothness at the places where the polynomial pieces connect.
    • also known as 样条函数
  2. Spline: Splines are ridges or teeth on a drive shaft that mesh with grooves in a mating piece and transfer torque to it, maintaining the angular correspondence between them.
    • also known as Rotating spline
  3. The Spline are a fictional race of sentient space-faring creatures that appear in several of British author Stephen Baxter's Xeelee Sequence novels and short stories. They are typically described as fleshy spheres, encrusted with a variety of pods and orifices. The various pods contain sensory organs, weapons emplacements and other equipment, while the orifices allow for the ingress and egress of smaller ships.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Spline

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewInside Rhinoceros 5 (2013)

by Ron Cheng

Of the many types of curves you can use to construct 3D surfaces and solids, the spline is the most important to the designer because it enables you to construct complex free-form shapes. Spline Simply speaking, a spline is a free-form curve.

Google previewInteractive Curve Modeling (2007)

With Applications to Computer Graphics, Vision and Image Processing by Muhammad Sarfraz

is a piecewise constant function, then the weighted spline is a C1 piecewise cubic polynomial. If w(t) is large on one interval, relative to bordering intervals, then the weighted spline become tighter on that interval in a manner similar to ...

Google previewInterpolating Cubic Splines (2012)

by Gary D. Knott

A spline is a thin flexible strip composed of a material such as bamboo or steel that can be bent to pass through or near given points in the plane, or in 3-space in a smooth manner.

Google previewModern Applied Statistics with S-PLUS (2013)

by William N. Venables, Brian D. Ripley

spline is the trace of the smoother matrix S; as fitting a smoothing spline is a linear operation, there is an n x n matrix S such y = Sy. (In a regression fit S is the 'hat matrix (page 205; this has trace equal to the number of free ...

Google previewElements of Numerical Analysis (2015)

by Radhey S. Gupta

Spline is a draftsman tool which is used to draw a smooth curve passing through the specified points in a plane.

Google previewModern Applied Statistics with S (2013)

by W.N. Venables, B.D. Ripley

spline is the trace of the smoother matrix S; as fitting a smoothing spline is a linear operation, there is an n x n matrix S such j = Sy. (In a regression fit S is the hat matrix (page 152); this has trace equal to the number of ...

Google previewVariational Theory of Splines (2013)

by Anatoly Yu. Bezhaev, Vladimir A. Vasilenko

The pseudo-interpolating spline is the solution of problem — - Talso, 1.14 Os *.

“Any Smoothing Spline is an Interpolating One” Let us consider a closed subspace R(A) in Z. For z e R(A) the interpolation condition Aa: = z is ...

Google previewPharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling and Simulation (2011)

by Peter L. Bonate

A first order spline is a simple linear interpolating line to the function, but suffers from the problem that the change from one interpolating line to another is...

Google previewNonparametric Curve Estimation (1999)

Methods, Theory and Applications by Sam Efromovich

A second-degree spline is a piecewise quadratic polynomial such that S(x) and its derivative S(1)(x) are continuous. The negative side ...

Google previewBrain Warping (1998)

by Arthur W. Toga

thin-plate spline is an interpolant that is linear in those heights and that minimizes a global figure of energy. It is crucial for our purposes, although not for that original application, that that global figure, usually called bending energy, is a ...

Google previewBIM Design (2014)

Realising the Creative Potential of Building Information Modelling by Richard Garber

A spline is a three-degree curve, receiving its shape from the placement of three or more points in Cartesian space, connected by a smooth vector. This vector can be embedded with information or attributes, such as coordinate points or ...

Google previewArchitect's Illustrated Pocket Dictionary (2012)

by Nikolas Davies, Erkki Jokiniemi

spline, loose tongue, feather; a thin piece of material inserted into a longitudinal grooved joint as a strengthening piece. spline joint, feather joint; a timber joint in which timbers are joined lengthways ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Microcomputers (2000)

Volume 26 - Supplement 5 by Allen Kent, James G. Williams

= £ s An example of biorthogonal wavelets is provided by the B- spline function. A B- spline of degree 0 corresponds to the box function used as the Haar ...

Google previewThe Dictionary of Multimedia 1999 (2014)

Terms and Acronyms by Brad Hansen

B-Spline. (NURBS, pronounced. ®NERBS ̄). (n.) A basic spline function used to construct curvesfroma set of control points that do not share theperiodic propertiesof a uniform B-spline.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Automotive Engineering (2015)

by David Crolla

Involute spline terms and definitions Involute Profile Form or shape of the tooth, which is controlled by the base circle. The involute form is not a curve or radius, which can be calculated by an easy mathematical formula, but is simple to ...

Google previewEncyclopaedia of Mathematics (1997)

An Updated and Annotated Translation of the Soviet "Mathematical Encyclopaedia by Michiel Hazewinkel

BEZIER SPLINE BEZIER CURVE - A parametric polynomial denned by a degree, n, and a sequence of n + 1 'control points', Po, . . . ,Pn. The resulting curve is then B(t) fc=0 v y tk(l - t)"-hPk, t€[0,l]. See Fig. 1 for an example of a cubic Bezier ...

Google previewDictionary of Computer Science, Engineering and Technology (2000)

by Philip A. Laplante

b- spline (1) the shortest cubic spline consisting of different three-degree polynomials on four intervals; it can be obtained by convolving four box functions.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Geographic Information Science (2008)

by Karen Kemp

Spatial Filtering Spatial Interaction Spatialization Spatial Statistics Spatial Weights Spline Structured Query Language (SQL) Terrain Analysis Cartography and Visualization Analytical Cartography Cartograms Cartography Choropleth Map ...

Google previewThe New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (2016)

by NA NA

is a polynomial smoothing spline of degree 2m – 1 with knots at all the abscissa data points. As A → 0, the solution is referred to as an interpolating spline and it fits the data exactly. The choice of A is crucial and the method ...

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Spline

spline

Photo credit: Alcino

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Small photo of Bulk of silver shiny involute spline shafts closeup-process of gear manufacturing cutting gear teethSmall photo of Bulk of silver shiny involute spline shafts closeup-process of gear manufacturing cutting gear teethSmall photo of Bulk of silver shiny involute spline shafts closeup-process of gear manufacturing cutting gear teethSmall photo of Bulk of silver shiny involute spline shafts closeup-process of gear manufacturing cutting gear teethSmall photo of The driven steel shaft with the teeth for mechanical purpose.The metal spline shaft manufacturing.Small photo of Gears, impaled on the shaft spline. Replacement spare part of the machine tool.Small photo of Grinding of spline shaft More...

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Scrabble value of S1P3L1I1N1E1

The value of this 6-letter word is 8 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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