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Header of acetonitrile

Acetonitrile

Definition of the noun Acetonitrile

What does Acetonitrile mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: acetonitriles

  1. [organic compound] The simplest organic cyanide or nitrile, CH3CN.

Explanation

Acetonitrile is the chemical compound with formula CH3CN. This colourless liquid is the simplest organic nitrile. It is produced mainly as a byproduct of acrylonitrile manufacture. It is mainly used as a polar aprotic solvent in purification of butadiene. In the laboratory, it is used as a medium-polarity solvent that is miscible with water and has a convenient liquid range.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Acetonitrile

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Google previewA Laboratory History of Narcotics, Vol. 1 Amphetamines and Derivatives (2007)

by Jared Ledgard

Acetonitrile is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. Acetonitrile is a toxic liquid, and can be absorbed through the skin. It is flammable burning with a...

Acetonitrile is an excellent solvent that dissolves ...

Google previewThe Preparatory Manual of Explosives (2007)

by Jared Ledgard

Acetonitrile Acetonitrile is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. Acetonitrile is a toxic liquid, and can be absorbed through the skin.

Google previewThe Preparatory Manual of Chemical Warfare Agents Third Edition (2012)

by Jared Ledgard

Acetonitrile Acetonitrile is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. Acetonitrile is a toxic liquid, and can be absorbed through the skin.

Google previewA Laboratory History of Chemical Warfare Agents (2006)

by Jared Ledgard

Acetonitrile is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. Acetonitrile is a toxic liquid, and can be absorbed through the skin. It is flammable and burns...

Acetonitrile is an excellent solvent that dissolves many inorganic salts. It forms a constant ...

Google previewOrganic Electrochemistry, Fifth Edition (2015)

Revised and Expanded by Ole Hammerich, Bernd Speiser

Besides having good electrochemical properties, acetonitrile is an unusually good solvent for UV spectroscopy, being transparent until about 190 nm. It is furthermore a convenient...

Google previewOrganic Electrochemistry, Fourth Edition, (2000)

by Ole Hammerich, Henning Lund

Besides having good electrochemical properties, acetonitrile is an unusually good solvent for UV spectrosocpy, being transparent until about 190 nm. It is furthermore a convenient...

Google previewDietary Sugars (2012)

Chemistry, Analysis, Function and Effects by Victor R. Preedy

Acetonitrile is a common mobile phase for the elution of sugars from vegetable matter and can be used in conjuncture with the Prevail Carbohydrate ES (Vagen and Slimestad 2008). In 2009, in the light of the global economic problems, plastic ...

Google previewHazardous Chemicals (2013)

Safety Management and Global Regulations by T.S.S. Dikshith

Acetonitrile is a colourless liquid, with an ether-like odour, and a polar solvent. Acetonitrile is predominantly used as a solvent in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, for spinning fibers and for casting and molding of plastic materials, in lithium ...

Google previewFundamental World of Quantum Chemistry (2004)

A Tribute to the Memory of Per-Olov Löwdin by Erkki J. Brändas, Eugene S. Kryachko

Acetonitrile is a strongly polar and aprotic solvent, where it is expected that dipolar long-ranged interactions contribute significantly to the solvation energetics of polar species. Benzene is a non-polar and aprotic solvent, where dispersion ...

Google previewPurification of Laboratory Chemicals (2012)

by W.L.F. Armarego, Christina Chai

Commercial acetonitrile is a by-product of the reaction of propylene and ammonia to acrylonitrile. The following procedure that significantly reduces the levels of acrylonitrile, allyl alcohol, acetone and *benzene was used by Kiesel [ Anal Chem ...

Google previewScience of Synthesis: Houben-Weyl Methods of Molecular Transformations Vol. 19 (2014)

Three Carbon-Heteroatom Bonds: Nitriles, Isocyanides, and Derivatives

Acetonitrile is an excellent solvent for recrystallization and is now increasingly used in its highly purified form in high-performance liquid chromatography and electrochemistry as it is always the best choice for reactions involving electron ...

Google previewA dictionary of chemistry and the allied branches of other sciences (1879)

by Henry Watts

Acetonitrile. Ethylamine. |3. They unite directly with 2 at. bromine, acetonitrile, for example, forming the compound tfH'NBr1 or CPH'BrN . HBr ( Engler) ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Chemistry (1872)

by Henry Watts

(NH» +□ 2H« = C H* CH» Acetonitrile. Ethylumine. $. They unite directly with 2 at. bromine, acetonitrile, for example, ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Chemistry and the Allied Branches of Other Sciences. Supplement (1872)

by Henry Watts

c|oH - 2H«0 = cl£H' ONH« <r* Ammonium Acetonitrile. acetate. 2. By heating potassium cyanide with an alcoholic iodide or neutral ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design (1978)

Volume 5 - Blowers to Calcination by John J. McKetta Jr

Solvent, mainly acetonitrile 190°0l plus a little water 110%l, is fed near ...

Google previewA dictionary of applied chemistry (1922)

by Sir Thomas Edward Thorpe

Acetonitrile is a colourless liquid with a pleasant ethereal smell, miscible with water, from which it separates on the addition of common salt. It burns in air with a peach-blossom flame ; with acetic acid at 200° it produces di- acetamide.

Google previewThe Encyclopaedia Britannica ... (1899)

A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General Literature ... in Thirty Volumes with New American Supplement

Acetonitrile was discovered by Dumas in 1847. It may be prepared by the distillation of a mixture of methylsulphate and of cyanide of potassium; but is obtained more easily and in a purer state by distilling acetamide with phosphoric anhydride.

Google previewDictionary of Inorganic Compounds (1992)

by Jane E. Macintyre

IC-013833 (Acetonitrile)trichlorobis(triphenylphosphine) ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Chromatography 2004 Update Supplement (2004)

by Jack Cazes

and organic solvents common in conventional RPLC (acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran) have also been used. It should ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Terrorist, Natural, and Man-Made Disasters (2006)

by Michael I. Greenberg

Greenberg, MD, MPH CHEMICAL EVENTS Chapter CHEMICAL EVENTS Acetonitrile (CH3CN) 1988: Utah Two xvii.

Google previewThe New Werner Twentieth Century Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1906)

A Standard Work of Reference in Art, Literature, Science, History, Geography, Commerce, Biography, Discovery and Invention... with New American Supplement, Complete in Thirty Volumes

When potassium cyanide acts upon methyl iodide, a substance known as acetonitrile (CH,.CN) is produced— CHJ + KCN — CH,.CN + KI. Methyl iodide. Potassium cyanide. Acetonitrlle. Pohlsinmiodlde. liy heating acetonitrile with water or ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia Americana (1904)

by Frederick Converse Beach, George Edwin Rines

Acetonitrile, for example, which has the formula CHi.CN, may be prepared by distilling dry potassium-methyl sulphate, CHS.KSO4, with dry potassium cyanide, KCN. Acetonitrile is also known as methyl cyanide, and is a colorless, inflammable ...

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Scrabble value of A1C3E1T1O1N1I1T1R1I1L1E1

The value of this 12-letter word is 14 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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