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Header of acetonitrile


Definition of the noun Acetonitrile

What does Acetonitrile mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: acetonitriles

  1. [organic compound] The simplest organic cyanide or nitrile, CH3CN.


Acetonitrile is the chemical compound with formula CH3CN. This colourless liquid is the simplest organic nitrile. It is produced mainly as a byproduct of acrylonitrile manufacture. It is mainly used as a polar aprotic solvent in purification of butadiene. In the laboratory, it is used as a medium-polarity solvent that is miscible with water and has a convenient liquid range.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Acetonitrile

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Google previewSolvents as Reagents in Organic Synthesis (2017)

Reactions and Applications by Xiao-Feng Wu

Introduction Acetonitrile is a medium-polarity solvent and widely used in the laboratory and industry. It plays a significant role as main solvent applied in the ...

Google previewOrganic Electrochemistry, Fifth Edition (2015)

Revised and Expanded by Ole Hammerich, Bernd Speiser

Besides having good electrochemical properties, acetonitrile is an unusually good solvent for UV spectroscopy, being transparent until about 190 nm. It is furthermore a convenient solvent for electron spin resonance spectroscopy, which is valuable for the investigation of radicals produced during electrolysis. For use in preparative electrochemistry, its liquid range (–45 to 82°C) is sufficient for most purposes and its relatively low boiling point makes the removal of the solvent easy.

Google previewOrganic Electrochemistry, Fourth Edition, (2000)

by Ole Hammerich, Henning Lund

Besides having good electrochemical properties, acetonitrile is an unusually good solvent for UV spectrosocpy, being transparent until about 190 nm. It is furthermore a convenient ...

Google previewPhysical Chemistry of Organic Solvent Systems (2012)

by A. Covington

Acetonitrile is a relatively inert solvent but may be hydrolysed ...

Google previewOrganic Reaction Mechanisms 1991 (2008)

An annual survey covering the literature dated December 1990 to November 1991 by A. C. Knipe, W. E. Watts

“ The direct electrochemical synthesis of diaryl dichalcogenides has been reported by SRNI reaction involving selenium or tellurium cathodes,25 and it has been shown that acetonitrile is a better solvent than dimethyl sulphoxide for electrochemical reactions of chalcogenophenoxide ions.26 Electrochemically induced SRNI reactions have also ...

Google previewHazardous Chemicals (2013)

Safety Management and Global Regulations by T.S.S. Dikshith

Acetonitrile is a colourless liquid, with an ether-like odour, and a polar solvent. Acetonitrile is predominantly used as a solvent in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, for spinning fibers and for casting and molding of plastic materials, in lithium batteries, for the extraction of fatty acids from animal and vegetable oils, and in chemical laboratories for the detection of materials such as pesticide residues. Acetonitrile is also used in dyeing textiles and in coating compositions as a stabilizer ...

Google previewOpen Tubular Column Gas Chromatography in Environmental Sciences (2012)

by Francis Onuska

Acetonitrile is an excellent general solvent used for partitioning of unknown residues of 124 ...

Google previewWaterborne: Environmentally Friendly Coating Technologies (2013)

Proceedings of the Fortieth Annual International Waterborne, High-Solids, and Powder Coatings Symposium by James W. Rawlins , Robson F. Storey

Acetonitrile is an organic nitrile; methanol is an alcohol; acetic acid and stearic acids are short and long chain carboxylic acids, respectively, and palm kernel fatty acid distillate (PKFAD) is a distilled material containing short and medium length fatty acids, all of which may interact with the enzyme's binding site; sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is a caustic base typically used in the normal cleaning process of the cargo tank coating between shipments; and Skydrol® is a fireresistant phosphate ...

Google previewHandbook of GC-MS (2015)

Fundamentals and Applications by Hans-Joachim Hübschmann

Acetonitrile Is an organic solvent providing the best characteristics for extracting the broadest range of pesticides ...

Google previewFundamental World of Quantum Chemistry (2004)

A Tribute to the Memory of Per-Olov Löwdin by Erkki J. Brändas, Eugene S. Kryachko

Acetonitrile is a strongly polar and aprotic solvent, where it is expected that dipolar long-ranged interactions contribute significantly to the solvation energetics of polar species. Benzene is a non-polar and aprotic solvent, where dispersion interactions are dominant. The presentation is organized as follows: first, we illustrate how the microsolvation and Monte Carlo approaches can be applied to the study of homolytic bond dissociation. Then, we briefly discuss the fundamentals of the ...

Google previewPropulsion Systems for Hybrid Vehicles (2004)

by John M. Miller

Acetonitrile is a toxic substance on its own, but in the ultra-capacitor it is in solution with other organic constituents and in low concentration. There is generally no safety concern with acetronitrile even if the ultra-capacitor is in overvoltage and outgassing of the electrolyte occurs. However, should the gas effluent be burned then there ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design (1978)

Volume 5 - Blowers to Calcination by John J. McKetta Jr

Solvent, mainly acetonitrile 190°0l plus a little water 110%l, is fed near the top tray. Butanes/butenes leave the extraction column overhead and are condensed, partly used for reflux, and the remainder washed with water ...

Google previewA dictionary of chemistry. (Second, Third suppl.). (1872)

by Henry Watts

(NH» +□ 2H« = C H* CH» Acetonitrile. Ethylumine. $. They unite directly with 2 at. bromine, ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Concise (2013)

by Herman F. Mark

/acetonitrile electrolyte under galvanostatic ...

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Scrabble value of A1C3E1T1O1N1I1T1R1I1L1E1

The value of this 12-letter word is 14 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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