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Aconitase

Definition of the noun Aconitase

What does Aconitase mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. [biochemistry] Aconitate hydratase, an enzyme that catalyses the stereospecific isomerization of citrate to isocitrate via cis-aconitate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

Explanation

Aconitase is an enzyme that catalyses the stereo-specific isomerization of citrate to isocitrate via cis-aconitate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, a non-redox-active process.

  • also known as 顺乌头酸酶

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Aconitase

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Google previewBiochemistry Student Companion (2011)

by Jeremy M. Berg, Frank H. Deis, John L. Tymoczko, Lubert Stryer, Nancy Counts Gerber, Richard Gumport, Roger E. Koeppe

The enzyme catalyzing both steps is called aconitase because cis-aconitate is an intermediate.

C C CH2 COO– CH2 COO–CH2 –OOC COO– Citrate cis- Aconitate Isocitrate Aconitase is an iron–sulfur protein, or nonheme-iron protein, in that ...

Google previewBiochemistry (Loose-Leaf) (2008)

by Jeremy M. Berg, John L. Tymoczko, Lubert Stryer

The enzyme catalyzing both steps is called aconitase because cis-aconitate is an intermediate.

TOOC–C–H C * -ooco o CH2 COOT COOT COOT Citrate cis- Aconitate Isocitrate Aconitase is an iron-sulfur protein, or nonheme-iron protein, ...

Google previewInorganic Biochemistry (1997)

An Introduction by J. A. Cowan

Aconitase is a key enzyme in the Kreb»s cycle, catalyzing the isomerization of citrate and isocitrate. 2. An [Fe4S4]2 - cluster forms the active site. Citrate binds to one of the iron centers. This iron is labile and is readily ...

Google previewGAPDH: Biological Properties and Diversity (2012)

by Norbert W. Seidler

For example, the enzyme aconitase is an essential constituent of the Krebs cycle, which is a primordial pathway that is conserved through evolution. As later discovered, aconitase is also an iron regulatory factor [4]. The protein identified as the ...

Google previewMedical Biochemistry E-Book (2014)

by John Baynes, Marek H. Dominiczak

Aconitase is an iron-sulfur protein (Chapter 9) that isomerizes citrate to isocitrate through the enzyme-bound intermediate cis-aconitate. The two-step reaction is reversible and involves dehydration followed by hydration. Although citrate is a ...

Google previewTrace Metals and Infectious Diseases (2015)

by Jerome O. Nriagu, Eric P. Skaar

The TCA cycle enzyme aconitase is a well-known Fe-S cluster enzyme responsible for the isomerization of citrate into isocitrate (Prodromou et al. 1992). Heme iron plays a major role in the electron transport chain as a cofactor in cytochromes, ...

Google previewMitochondria and Their Role in Cardiovascular Disease (2012)

by José Marín-García

Mitochondrial aconitase is a monomeric 83-kDa protein containing labile [4Fe– 4S]2+ cluster. The aconitase plays a role in oxidative stress: it shows a high sensitivity to H2O2, being completely inactivated at very low H2O2 concentrations (less ...

Google previewGeneral, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Structures of Life (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Aconitase is an enzyme that catalyses the stereospecific isomerization of citrate to isocitrate via cisaconitate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, a nonredoxactive process. An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, ...

Google previewOrganic Chemistry (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Aconitase is an enzyme that catalyses the stereospecific isomerization of citrate to isocitrate via cisaconitate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, a nonredoxactive process. Carbon fiber, alternatively graphite fiber, carbon graphite or CF, is.

Google previewFree Radicals in Biology and Medicine (2015)

by Barry Halliwell, John M. C. Gutteridge

Thus the ability to restore activity to aconitase is a measure of the levels of such iron in body fluids. Another approach ...

Google previewHeart Physiology and Pathophysiology (2000)

by Yoshihisa Kurachi, Andre Terzic, Michael V. Cohen

Aconitase is a protein that has significant homology to the mitochondrial enzyme that converts ...

Google previewElsevier's Dictionary of Vitamins and Pharmacochemistry (2006)

by Henry Philippsborn

d Aconitase f f p 81 d f p 83 86 aconitase f aconitase f aconite (Phyto.) (Medicinal plant; monkshood; wolf's-bane; "Aconitum napellus L., Ranunculaceae"; as a febrifuge, sedative, anodyne (pain soothing); medicamentous substance; aconitine ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Biological Chemistry (2013)

Proline Arginine Alanine Serine Cysteine Fatty acids Leucine Isoleucine Aspartate Tyrosine Phenylalanine Citrate synthase Aconitase Acetyl CoA transferase Fumarase Aconitase PDH Acetoacetil CoA Acetoacetate− NADHm NAD+m+H+m ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics, and Informatics (2008)

by George P. Rédei

▷skin diseases Aconitase: An enzyme controlling the dehydration of citrate to cis -aconitate and the hydration of the latter to isocitrate. This enzyme has also an important role in the transport of iron. Iron-containing proteins regulate many ...

Google previewDictionary of Toxicology (2014)

by Ernest Hodgson, Michael Roe

aconitase Aconitase is the enzyme that reversibly...

Google previewIllustrated Encyclopedia of Applied and Engineering Physics, Three-Volume Set (2017)

by Robert Splinter

Q NAD + −SH HCO−3+ Citrate synthase water Aconitase Aconitase Succinate CoA CoA Succinic dehydrogenase −SH + Succinyl-CoA synthetase Legend Hydrogen Adenosine triphosphate ATP GTPGuanosinetriphosphate Carbon Oxygen ...

Google previewHawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary (2016)

by Robert A. Lewis

aconitase. (citrate (isocitrate) hydrolyase; aconitate hydratase). The enzyme that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of ...

Google previewThe Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: An IOC Medical Commission Publication, Nutrition in Sport (2008)

by Ronald J. Maughan

H 2 O H2O FADH2 FAD Fumarase Succinate dehydrogenase Succinyl α- ketoglutarate dehydrogenase Isocitrate dehydrogenase Aconitase CoA CoA Aconitase Pyruvate Nucleotide diphosphate kinase thiokinase GTP ATP ADP GDP Fig.

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Nutrition (2004)

by M. F. Fuller

C–COO– CH COO–COO– CH2 C–COO– C–H COO– COO– CH2 CH2 C=O COO– O C–S–CoA CH2 CH2 COO– Citrate Aconitase H2O H2O cis-Aconitate Aconitase Isocitrate dehydrogenase α-Ketoglutarate α-Ketoglutarate dehydrogenase ...

Google previewCRC Dictionary of Agricultural Sciences (2001)

by Robert Alan Lewis

aconttase Aconitum aconitase. the enzyme that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of citric acid, cis- aconitic acid, and isocitric acid in the tri- carboxylic acid cycle (citric acid cycle; Krebs cycle). Aconitase is the target of fluoroacetate, ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Biology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Aconitase. In Wikipedia. Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aconitase. Acrosome. In Wikipedia. Retrieved September 14 ...

Google previewLewis' Dictionary of Toxicology (1998)

by Robert Alan Lewis

acipenserin aconitase acipenserin. a toxic substance isolated from the gonads of sturgeons of the genus Acipenser (Family Acipenseridae). ackee. See Blighia sapida. ackee poisoning (Jamaican vomiting sickness). an acute and often fatal ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Cell Biology (2015)

Enzyme abbreviations: ACO, aconitase; CIT, citrate synthetase; ICL, isocitrate lyase; MDH, malate dehydrogenase; MLS, malate synthetase. (b) Compartmentation (Kunze et al., 2006). aconitase and sometimes the isocitrate lyase are found ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Food and Color Additives (1997)

by George A. Burdock

The cw-form occurs in plant and animal tissues as a metabolic intermediate in the Krebs cycle during the isomerization of citric acid to isocitric acid by the action of the enzyme aconitase.1 Synthesis: By dehydration of citric acid with ...

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Aconitase Meaning

Video shows what aconitase means. Aconitate hydratase, an enzyme that catalyses the stereospecific isomerization of citrate to isocitrate via cis-aconitate in the ...

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Scrabble value of A1C3O1N1I1T1A1S1E1

The value of this 9-letter word is 11 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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