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Acrylic fiber

Definition of the noun acrylic fiber

What does acrylic fiber mean as a name of something?


  1. polymerized from acrylonitrile

Alternative definition of the noun acrylic fiber


  1. Synthetic fibers made from a polymer.


Acrylic fiber: Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units. To be called acrylic in the U.S, the polymer must contain at least 85% acrylonitrile monomer. Typical comonomers are vinyl acetate or methyl acrylate. DuPont created the first acrylic fibers in 1941 and trademarked them under the name Orlon. Acrylic is also called acrilan fabric. It was first developed in the mid-1940s but was not produced in large quantities until the 1950s. Strong and warm, acrylic fiber is often used for sweaters and tracksuits and as linings for boots and gloves, as well as in furnishing fabrics and carpets. It is manufactured as a filament, then cut into short staple lengths similar to wool hairs, and spun into yarn.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Acrylic fiber

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Google previewThe American Heritage Science Dictionary (2005)

by American Heritage Dictionary

An acrylic fiber. acrylic acid A colorless, corrosive liquid that readily forms polymers. It is used to make plastics, paints, synthetic rubbers, and textiles. Chemical formula: C3H402. acrylic fiber Any of numerous synthetic fibers polymerized from ...

Google previewHawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary (2016)

by Robert A. Lewis

acrylic fiber. A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% (by weight) acrylonitrile units −CH2CH(CN)– (U.S. Federal Trade Commission). Properties: ...

Google previewWhittington's Dictionary of Plastics, Third Edition (1993)

by James F. Carley

Acrylic Fiber Generic name for any manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming material is a long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of acrylonitrile units, -CH2CHCN- (Federal Trade Commission). Acrylic Foam A ...

Google previewA Consumer's Dictionary of Household, Yard and Office Chemicals (2007)

Complete Information About Harmful and Desirable Chemicals Found in Everyday Home Products, Yard Poisons, and Office Polluters by Ruth Winter

» Acrylic Fiber. ACRYLATES ° Acrylic Monomer. Methyl Methacrylate. Salts or esters of acrylic acid used as a thickening agent and as a constituent of nail polish, paint, paper, leather finisher, and many other coatings.

Google previewSzycher's Dictionary of Biomaterials and Medical Devices (1992)

by Michael Szycher

Acrylic Fiber Generic name for any manufactured fiber in which the monofilament is composed of at least 85% by weight of acrylonitrile units — CH2CH(CN)— , according to the Federal Trade Commission. Acrylic Resins The term "acrylic" is ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes (2004)

by Michael Newton

An unmatched blue acrylic fiber found in the living room, where Dr. MacDonald claimed to have lain unconscious. 25. Two unmatched black wool fibers found on the murder club. 26. Three hairs that allegedly shook loose from the murder club ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Forensic Sciences (2012)

For example, an acrylic fiber is made up of not less than 85% by mass of acrylonitrile units or of acrylonitrile copolymers. Rayon is an example of a man- made fiber 'regenerated' from a natural substance. In this case, the basic building block is ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Cancer and Society (2007)

by Graham A. Colditz

Using multi-holed spinnerettes, the acrylic fiber is spun out of a batch of polymer, in much the same way that a spider spins from its internal supply of silk. Acrylic fibers have been used in a great many products, Acrylic Rubber and Fibers.

Google previewConcise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia (1998)

by Joseph C. Salamone

Acrylic Fiber by In Situ Pulping Extrusion An incorporation of water makes acrylic polymers with high acrylonitrile contents melt via hydration.22 This fact that water acts as a plasticizer for acrylic polymers has been repeatedly used to develop a ...

Google previewThe SAGE Encyclopedia of Cancer and Society (2015)

by Graham A. Colditz

Acrylic fiber is also produced from a polymer and is a synthetic fiber that commonly resembles the texture of wool in both look and texture. Because acrylic fibers are lightweight and tend to be soft, they can be found commonly in ...

Google previewRSMeans Illustrated Construction Dictionary (2012)

by RSMeans

acrylic fiber Fiber produced frompolymerized acrylonitrile, aliquid derivative of natural gas. A tough economical fiber commonly used in commercial and residential carpets and draperies. acrylic plastic glaze Aclear ...

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Small photo of Turkey - February 20,2015 :Aksa acrylic fiber plant. Aksa is Turkey's largest fiber factory. Worldâ??s leading acrylic fiber manufacturer.Small photo of Factory for the production of artificial fabric. The process of manufacturing synthetic, multicolored, acrylic fiberSmall photo of Warehouse with a bunch of huge, white, rectangular bags with acrylic fiber.Small photo of Warehouse with a bunch of huge, white, rectangular bags with acrylic fiber.Small photo of Warehouse with a bunch of huge, white, rectangular bags with acrylic fiber.Small photo of Large white packages, bags with synthetic acrylic fiber in a warehouse at a petrochemical, refinerySmall photo of Production process for the production of brown colored synthetic acrylic fiber at a chemical plant More...


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