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Adamsite

Definition of the noun Adamsite

What does Adamsite mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: adamsites

  1. An organic compound, diphenylaminechlorarsine, used as a riot-control agent.
    • synonym: DM

Explanation

Adamsite or DM is an organic compound; technically, an arsenical diphenylaminechlorarsine, that can be used as a riot control agent. DM belongs to the group of chemical warfare agents known as vomiting agents or sneeze gases. First synthesized in Germany by Heinrich Otto Wieland in 1915, it was independently developed by the US chemist Roger Adams at the University of Illinois in 1918.

  • also known as 亚当氏毒气

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Adamsite

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Google previewA Laboratory History of Chemical Warfare Agents (2006)

by Jared Ledgard

Adamsite is readily destroyed by bleach, or strong alkalies. Adamsite is a rapid fast acting vomiting and riot control agent capable of producing casualties within minutes of dissemination.

Google previewScientific Advances in Alternative Demilitarization Technologies (2012)

by F.W. Holm

"Safe Dilution" Because adamsite is a relatively low-toxic, water insoluble and non-volatile compound the question is: Is it acceptable, from the point of view of human health and environmental contamination, to use the compound as such as a ...

Google previewReview of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program: (1999)

Disposal of Chemical Agent Identification Sets by Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program, National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

Adamsite is a vomiting agent. Exposure causes pain in the nose and throat, severe headache, and violent, uncontrollable sneezing, coughing, nausea, and vomiting. The effects are delayed by several minutes and can last up to two hours .

Google previewChemical Warfare Agents (2000)

Toxicity at Low Levels by M. Somani Satu, James A. Romano

ADAMSITE (DM) Diphenylaminochloroarsine (phenarsazine chloride, adamsite) has the military designation, DM. Adamsite is a yellowish and odorless solid that is very stable in pure form. The melting point is 195°C, and the vapor pressure ...

Google previewThe Preparatory Manual of Chemical Warfare Agents Third Edition (2012)

by Jared Ledgard

Adamsite is a rapid fast acting vomiting and riot control agent capable of producing casualties within minutes of dissemination. The lethal dose through inhalation in the average man is about 3000 to 4000 milligrams per person, but may be as ...

Google previewInternational Disaster Nursing (2010)

by Robert Powers, Elaine Daily

Adamsite is a yellow-to- brown crystalline solid without odor. The 192 INTERNATIONAL DISASTER NURSING.

Google previewMineralogy (1878)

by Joseph Henry Collins

Adamsite is a greenish-black mica from Derby, Vermont ; Didymite or Amphilogite , from Zillerthal, is simply Muscovite ; Plumose Mica is a variety arranged in plumose forms ; Fuchsite is emerald-green, and contains several per cents, of oxide ...

Google previewWeapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical and biological weapons (2005)

by Eric Croddy, James J. Wirtz

During its war against China in World War II, Japan used large quantities of related compounds such as diphenylcyanoarsine,and Japan may also have used adamsite. Adamsite is a yellowish,crystalline solid that can be delivered by means of ...

Google previewHistorical Dictionary of Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare (2007)

by Benjamin C. Garrett, John Hart

9 ADAMSITE defendants claimed the testing was inspired by fears that the partisan forces from the Soviet Union were using aconitine-laced bullets in areas occupied by Germany. According to testimony at the trial, tests included firing ...

Google previewDictionary of Chemistry (2002)

by McGraw-Hill Education

adamsite actinoid elements See actinide series. {'ak-to,noid 'el-o-mons] activated complex [PHYS CHEM] An energetically excited state which is intermediate between reactants and products in a chemical reaction. Also known as transition ...

Google previewStedman's Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing (2005)

by Thomas Lathrop Stedman

aCute adamsite veoli and impaired gas exchange; may result in necrosis with hemorrhage into the lungs; occurs in Goodpasture syndrome, in association with glomerulonephritis. acute renal failure (ARF) (ah-kyut re'nal fayl'yür) A rapid ...

Google previewCommon Sense Dictionary for First Responders (2006)

by Frank L. Fire

adamsite. A chemical vomiting agent (di- phenylaminearsine); agent DM. adaptation. Changes in an organism's physiological ...

Google previewDictionary of Gems and Gemology (2013)

by Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai

adamsite; a greenish-black variety of muscovite mica. adco; a commercial term for some imitation of turquoise made by ceramics. adder stone; (1) colored glass beads used in medieval times worn as a protective or curative power, charm.

Google previewA Dictionary of the Names of Minerals Including Their History and Etymology (1896)

by Albert Huntington Chester

ADAMSITE. C. U. Shepard, 1857, Geol.

Google previewThe Condensed Chemical Dictionary (1920)

A Reference Volume for All Requiring Quick Access to a Large Amount of Essential Data Regarding Chemicals, and Other Substances Used in Manufacturing and Laboratory Work by Francis Mills Turner

Adamsite.* A military poison gas developed ...

Google previewArmy Dictionary and Desk Reference (2010)

by Tim Zurick

adamsite (ADM) A toxic vomiting agent; decontaminate with individual kit or DS 2 (NBC) ADC 1. Assistant division commander (ADMIN); 2.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Military Technology and Innovation (2004)

by Stephen Bull

Adamsite (DM), and diphenylcy- anoarsine (DC) were designed primarily for riot control but could also cause serious illness or death in confined spaces. Tear agents, or lach- rymators, ...

Google previewThe Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations: A-E (2002)

by Cathal J. Nolan

When opposing troops took simple countermeasures, such as wearing gas masks, adamsite was added to the mix to induce vomiting and force mask removal and inhalation of the deadly agents. Phosgene gas was heavily used in that war ...

Google previewAbbreviations Dictionary, Tenth Edition (2001)

by Dean A. Stahl, Karen Landen

diphenylamine-arsine chloride (Adamsite war gas); direct mail; direct monitoring; distance multiplier; double medium; draftsman; dry matter dM decimorgan (unit of distance on a genetic map); differential of mutual inductance (symbol) d/m ...

Google previewDictionary of Abbreviations in Medical Sciences (2012)

With a list of the most important medical and scientific journals and their traditional abbreviations by Rolf Heister

diastolic murmur DM diphenylaminearsine chloride, Adamsite DM dopamine (= DA) dm decimeter DM ...

Google previewAtrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes (2013)

An Encyclopedia by Alexander Mikaberidze

The warring powers also produced irritant smoke (such as sneezing gases or adamsite), screening smokes, and incendiaries. A new and very deadly chemical agent·nerve gas·was discovered in the 1930s and developed during the World ...

Google previewLewis' Dictionary of Toxicology (1998)

by Robert Alan Lewis

adamsite. phenarsazine chloride. adaptability. the capacity to adapt. adaptation (adaption; adaptive adaption).

Google previewA Dictionary of Science, Literature, & Art (1875)

Comprising the Definitions and Derivations of the Scientific Terms in General Use, Together with the History and Descriptions of the Scientific Principles of Nearly Every Branch of Human Knowledge by William Thomas Brande, George William Cox

Adamsite. Gilbertite.

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Video about Adamsite

Adamsite Meaning

Video shows what adamsite means. An organic compound, diphenylaminechlorarsine, used as a riot-control agent.. Adamsite Meaning. How to pronounce ...

Scrabble value of A1D2A1M3S1I1T1E1

The value of this 8-letter word is 11 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ADAMSITE

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