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The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun adaptation:


Adaptation is a member of the word family adapt, included in the Academic Word List by Dr. Averil Coxhead, which contains the 570 most frequent word families used in academic texts from a variety of subject areas, of interest for students that learn the words most needed to study at tertiary institutions.

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Definition of the noun adaptation

What does adaptation mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: adaptations

  1. a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form
  2. the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  3. (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light)

Alternative definition of the noun adaptation


  1. [uncountable] The quality of being adapted; adaption; adjustment.
  2. [uncountable] Adjustment to extant conditions: as, adjustment of a sense organ to the intensity or quality of stimulation; modification of some thing or its parts that makes it more fit for existence under the conditions of its current environment.
  3. [countable] Something which has been adapted; variation.

Specialised definition of the noun adaptation

Glossary of sports

the process by which a sense organ becomes less sensitive to a stimulus after repeated contact (2006. Dictionary of Sport and Exercise Science. A&C Black Publishers Ltd)

biologically and socially active form of acting, where the internal system (person) is tuned to the external system (environment). The goal of the adaptation is the creation of a balance between internal needs and externally given possibilities. Certain types of sport (e.g. equestrian sports, archery, swimming, cross-country skiing) evolved as techniques of adapting to given environmental conditions. However, these sports have lost that function. The child's game, but also the sport game, are still viewed as a form of adaptation to culture, because they represent specific conflicts on a small scale to which solutions are found. Passive adaptation is usually accompanied by resignation and apathy and is therefore not a desirable behaviour pattern. (Herbert Haag & Gerald Haag. 2003. Dictionary. Sport, Physical Education, Sport Science. Kiel, Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaften)


"Adaptation": Adaptation. is a 2002 American comedy-drama metafilm directed by Spike Jonze and written by Charlie Kaufman. The film is based on Susan Orlean's non-fiction book The Orchid Thief, with numerous self-referential events added. The film stars Nicolas Cage as Charlie and Donald Kaufman, and Meryl Streep as Susan Orlean, Chris Cooper as John Laroche, with Cara Seymour, Brian Cox, Tilda Swinton, Ron Livingston and Maggie Gyllenhaal in supporting roles.


  1. "Adaptation" is a play by Elaine May.
  2. "Adaptation" is a book by Charlie Kaufman.
    • also known as "Adaptation: the shooting script"
    • subjects: Florida, Drama, Performing arts, Cinema, Film, Video, Hollywood
  3. "Adaptation": A social philosophy allegory in the form of a teenage adventure novel.
  4. "Adaptation" is a book by Karl H. Pribram.
    • also known as "Adaptation: selected readings"


  1. "Adaptation" a.k.a. "Adaptation." is a musical album of Carter Burwell, soundtrack.
    • also known as Adaptation. Soundtrack
    • released on (13 years ago)
  2. "Adaptation" is a musical EP of A.M. Architect.
    • released on (5 years ago)
  3. "Adaptation" is a musical EP of Rediscover.
    • released on (6 years ago)
  4. "Adaptation" is the 1980 album of Vasil Naydenov.
    • released in (36 years ago)
  5. "Adaptation" is a song by The Weeknd.


  1. Adaptation: In biology, an adaptation, also called an adaptive trait, is a trait with a current functional role in the life history of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. Adaptation refers to both the current state of being adapted and to the dynamic evolutionary process that leads to the adaptation. Adaptations contribute to the fitness and survival of individuals. Organisms face a succession of environmental challenges as they grow and develop and are equipped with an adaptive plasticity as the phenotype of traits develop in response to the imposed conditions. The developmental norm of reaction for any given trait is essential to the correction of adaptation as it affords a kind of biological insurance or resilience to varying environments.
    • also known as Sự thích nghi, 適應
  2. Adaptation: The term “adaptation” in computer science refers to a process, in which an interactive system adapts its behaviour to individual users based on information acquired about its user and its environment.
  3. Adaptation: Metaschema relationship between a work and another work which is a transformation or adaptation of the first work into another form; this could include adaptation into another medium, translation into another language, or a reworking in the same medium.

Phrases with Adaptation

  1. Co-adaptation
  2. dark adaptation
  3. light adaptation

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Adaptation

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewGreen Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes (2013)

by Helena Bartolo, Paulo Jorge Da Silva Bartolo, Nuno Manuel Fernandes Alves, Artur Jorge Mateus, Henrique Amorim Almeida, Ana Cristina Soares Lemos, Flávio Craveiro, Carina Ramos, Igor Reis, Lina Durão, Telma Ferreira, José Pinto Duarte, Filipa Roseta, Eduardo Castro e Costa, Filipe Quaresma, João Paulouro Neves

The term adaptation means any adjustment, whether passive, reactive or anticipatory, that is proposed as a means for...

Adaptation refers to all those responses to climate change that may be used to reduce vulnerability.

Google previewNursing Theories (2007)

by B. T. Basavanthappa

Adaptation is the process by which conservation is achieved, and the purposes for conservation is integrity.

Google previewModelling Foundations and Applications (2012)

8th European Conference, ECMFA 2012, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, July 2-5, 2012, Proceedings by Antonio Vallecillo, Juha-Pekka Tolvanen, Ekkart Kindler, Harald Störrle, Dimitris Kolovos

Model Adaptation is the process of retrieving the information from a model in the form expected. It consists in adapting...

Thus a model adaptation is a way to create a model type matching relation between two model types. A model adaptation ...

Google previewPhysiology, Environment, and Man (2013)

Based on a Symposium Conducted by the National Academy of Sciences–National Research Council, August, 1966 by Douglas H. K. Lee, David Minard

For some, adaptation refers to those properties (usually anatomic) which have been selected over long periods of evolution to permit survival. For others, adaptation refers to the rapid decay of an excitatory process, as in sensory adaptation.

Google previewSocial Information Transmission and Human Biology (2006)

by Jonathan CK Wells, Simon Strickland, Kevin Laland

An adaptation is a character favored by natural selection for its effectiveness in a particular role.

Google previewThe Philosophy of Biology (2013)

A Companion for Educators by Kostas Kampourakis

Prima facie, an adaptation is a trait evolved via natural selection because it plays a particular role in the organism's struggle for existence, and plays this role well. Consider the following adaptive hypothesis: the bioluminescent light organ of ...

Google previewMainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) (2003)

by Saleemul Huq

adaptation refers to the “adjustment in ecological, social, or economic systems in response...

Google previewHybrid Cultivar Development (1998)

by S.S. Banga, S.K. Banga

Adaptation is a state of fitness to a given environment, whereas adaptibility is that property or ability of a genotype which permits subsequent alteration of the...

Wide adaptation refers to the relatively low levels of response of the genotype to an array of environmental conditions, whereas specific adaptation means a maximum response to specific environments. Variety testing allows the ...

Google previewAlgorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing (2007)

7th International Conference, ICA3PP 2007, Hangzhou, China, June 11-14, 2007, Proceedings by Haj Jin

Software component adaptation is a difficult problem to be solved in component- based software development. In this paper, we focus on a framework of component adaptation in which several adaptations are involved. The framework is ...

Google previewTrue to the Spirit (2011)

Film Adaptation and the Question of Fidelity by Colin MacCabe, Rick Warner, Kathleen Murray

Adaptation is the term Darwin uses to stress that the structure of an organism is a function of its environment.

Google previewHuman Biodiversity (2001)

Genes, Race, and History by Jonathan M. Marks

Adaptation is a particularly troublesome concept in evolution, because it (1) means two things, (2) arises in several ways, and (3) is not easy to identify when present. Nevertheless, many facets of human biological variation are ...

Google previewTranslation, Adaptation and Transformation (2012)

by Laurence Raw

we already quoted Charles Darwin, for whom adaptation is the modification...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Nursing Research, Third Edition (2011)

by Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN, Meredith Kazer, PhD, APRN, A/GNP-BC

A number of studies identified specific links, conceptually and operationally, between the Roy adaptation model and the research variables. In these studies, specific concepts were linked to various aspects of the model, including focal, ...

Google previewRoutledge Encyclopedia of Translation Studies (2001)

by Mona Baker

Generally speaking, historians and scholars of translation take a negative view of adaptation, dismissing the phenomenon as distortion, falsification or censorship, but it is rare to find clear definitions of the terminology used in discussing this ...

Google previewDictionary of Theories, Laws, and Concepts in Psychology (1998)

by Jon E. Roeckelein

ADAPTATION, PRINCIPLES/LAWS OF 1 1 hours to adapt). It is estimated that the totally dark-adapted eye is about 1 million times as sensitive as the normally illuminated eye (Reber, 1995). Light ("pho- topic") adaptation is the process of ...

Google previewThe Advanced Dictionary of Marketing : Putting Theory to Use (2007)

Putting Theory to Use by Scott Dacko

adaptation KEY INSIGHTS The subject of marketing strategy and marketing mix element adaptation versus standardization has been the subject of much marketing research and debate. Since there are many potential factors influencing ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Stress: A-D (2000)

Hans Selye and the General Adaptation ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Water Science (Print) (2003)

by Bobby A. Stewart, Terry Howell

To cope with this challenge, plants have developed several strategies: either adaptation mechanisms which allow them to survive the adverse drought conditions, or the possession of particular growth habits to circumvent or avoid drought.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Stress, Three-Volume Set (2000)

Psychological adaptation is better interpreted in terms of a stress and coping model; sociocultural adaptation is better viewed from a so- cial learning perspective.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Sport and Exercise Psychology (2014)

by Robert C. Eklund, Gershon Tenenbaum

The term adaptation has been integrated within the sport psychology literature, from as early as 1986. Initially mentioned in relation to elite athlete retirement, adaptation is a broad term associated with monumental change in the athlete's life.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Animal Science (Print) (2004)

by Wilson G. Pond

Adaptation. and. Stress: Animal. State. of. Being. A. A. Stanley E. Curtis University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, U.S.A. INTRODUCTION Sound animal husbandry depends on application of scientific knowledge of many aspects of the biology of ...

Google previewThe Kingfisher Science Encyclopedia (2000)

by Charles Taylor

ANIMAL PARTNERSHIPS/ADAPTATION AND DEFENSE Adaptation and defense Adaptation is a change that makes an organism better suited to its environment. Defense is the way that organisms protect themselves from harm.

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Adaptation

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Photos about Adaptation

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If you need related images for an article or a report, you can download stock photos:
Small photo of Spiky plant growing through pavement crack on the sidewalk. Nature adaptation in an urban environment. Life triumph. Shallow depth of field. More...

Video language resources about Adaptation

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See also the pronunciation examples of Adaptation!

Sign language

Tzu Chi Sign Language Adaptation Video with "English" Captions

A very touching Tzu Chi sign language video with English captions. The music is beautiful and calming. The sign language performance is so graceful and ...

Quotes about Adaptation

In all works on Natural History, we constantly find details of the marvellous adaptation of animals to their food, their habits, and the localities in which they are found. (Alfred Russel Wallace)
more quotes about adaptation...

Scrabble value of A1D2A1P3T1A1T1I1O1N1

The value of this 10-letter word is 13 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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