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Adenine

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Definition of the noun adenine

What does adenine mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: adenines

  1. (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
    • domain: biochemistry
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • synonym of adenine: A
    • more generic word: purine = any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
    • substance of: deoxyribonucleic acid / desoxyribonucleic acid / DNA = a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; ribonucleic acid / RNA = a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes

Explanation

  1. Adenine is a nucleobase with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energy-rich adenosine triphosphate and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide, and protein synthesis, as a chemical component of DNA and RNA. The shape of adenine is complementary to either thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA.
    • also known as Ade, Adenin, Adeninimine
  2. Adenine, named after the nucleobase adenine, is a scripting language that is cross-platform, which is developed in the context of project Haystack and Project Oxygen of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in collaboration with Nippon Telegraph and Telephone.
  3. Adenine: A purine base and a fundamental unit of adenine nucleotides.

Phrases with Adenine

  1. nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
  2. Nicotinamide Adenine Trinucleotide
  3. nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Adenine

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewStudy Guide with Selected Solutions (2012)

by Danny White, Joanne White

Adenine is a purine derivative. d. Guanine is a purine derivative. 22.13 a. The 5- methyl-2,4-dioxo derivative of pyrimidine is named thymine. b. The 2,4-dioxo derivative of pyrimidine is named uracil. c. Methyluracil is named thymine. d.

Google previewPurines: Basic and Clinical Aspects (2012)

by T.W. Stone, Anne Simmonds

of which adenine is a metabolic by-product, is probably the principal source of this adenine (430) (see Fig. 14). The excretion of total purine metabolites in this defect would ...

Google previewKaplan SAT Subject Test Biology E/M 2015-2016 (2015)

by Kaplan Test Prep

A Adenine is a purine that binds thymine with two hydrogen bonds in DNA and uracil with two hydrogen bonds in RNA. 55. B In order for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium to be maintained, a large population, no net mutations, no migration, and ...

Google previewMolecular Biology of the Gene (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewEssentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewOrganic Chemistry (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewBiology (2016)

Biology, Biology by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewOrganic Chemistry, Principles and Mechanisms (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewPrinciples of Human Physiology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewOrganic Chemistry with Biological Applications (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewChemistry, The Science in Context (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewUnderstanding Human Anatomy and Physiology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewConcepts of Genetics (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of ...

Google previewHuman Biology (2016)

Biology, Human biology by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewFoundations in Microbiology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewEssentials of Anatomy and Physiology (2016)

Medicine, Internal medicine by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewMicrobiology , An Introduction (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewMicrobiology with Diseases by Body System (2016)

Biology, Microbiology by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewUnderstanding Normal and Clinical Nutrition (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewEvolutionary Analysis (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewIntroduction to Biopsychology (2016)

Psychology, Developmental neuroscience by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewPrinciples of Medical Biochemistry (2016)

Biology, Biochemistry by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewBacterial Physiology and Metabolism (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewIntroductory Plant Biology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energyrich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and ...

Google previewThe World-wide Encyclopedia and Gazetteer (1908)

Adenine is a new base found in the substance of the cell nuclei. Its formula, C'H'N ', indicates that it is a polymer of prussic acid. This and the three other bases found in the nuclei are interesting, as they are probably intermediate steps in the ...

Google previewNew American Supplement to the Latest Editions of the Encyclopedia Brittanica (1900)

by Day Otis Kellogg

Adenine is a new base found in the substance of the cell nuclei. Its formula, C5H5N5, indicates that it is a polymer of prussic acid. This and the three other bases found in the nuclei are interesting, as they are probably intermediate steps in the ...

Google previewThe Encyclopædia Britannica: New American supplement. A-ZUY (1903)

by Day Otis Kellogg, Thomas Spencer Baynes, William Robertson Smith

Adenine is a new base found in the substance of the cell nuclei. Its formula, C5H5N°, indicates that it is a polymer of prussic acid. This and the three other bases found in the nuclei are interesting, as they are probably intermediate steps in the ...

Google previewThe Encyclopaedia Britannica (1898)

A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General Literature ; New Maps and Many Original American Articles by Eminent Authors ; with New American Supplement

Adenine is a new base found in the substance of the cell nuclei. Its formula, Ci' HsNi', indicates that it is a polymer of prussic acid. This and the three other bases found in the nuclei are interesting, as they are probably intermediate steps in the ...

Google previewNew American Supplement to the Latest Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1897)

by Day Otis Kellogg

Adenine is a new base found in the substance of the cell nuclei. Its formula, C5H5N\ indicates that it is a polymer of prussic acid. This and the three other bases found in the nuclei are interesting, as they are probably intermediate steps in the ...

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Video language resources about Adenine

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View more videos about Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and Nicotinamide Adenine Trinucleotide.

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Scrabble value of A1D2E1N1I1N1E1

The value of this 7-letter word is 8 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ADENINE

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