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Adenosine

Video footage: Adenosine (A) nucleoside molecule, chemical structure. This is one of the four building blocks of DNA. Adenosine also acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter.
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Definition of the noun adenosine

What does adenosine mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: adenosines

  1. (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
    • example: Caffeine is a purinergic antagonist that competitively inhibits adenosine at the sites of P1 receptors.
    • domain: biochemistry
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • more generic word: nucleoside = a glycoside formed by partial hydrolysis of a nucleic acid

Alternative definition of the noun adenosine

noun

  1. [context: biochemistry, genetics, uncountable] A nucleoside derived from adenine and ribose, found in striated muscle tissue.
  2. [context: countable, chemistry] An instance of adenosine.

Explanation

  1. Adenosine is a purine nucleoside composed of a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule moiety via a β-N₉-glycosidic bond.
    • also known as Adenine nucleoside, Adenine riboside, Adenocard, Adenocor, Adenoscan, Adenosin, Boniton, Myocol, Nucleocardyl, Sandesin
  2. adenosine a.k.a. Adenosine phosphosulfate: 5'-Adenylic acid, monoanhydride with sulfuric acid. The initial compound formed by the action of ATP sulfurylase on sulfate ions after sulfate uptake. Synonyms: adenosine sulfatophosphate; APS.
  3. Adenosine: A nucleoside that is composed of adenine and d-ribose. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.

Phrases with Adenosine

  1. adenosine deaminase
  2. adenosine diphosphate
  3. adenosine triphosphate
  4. adenosine monophosphate

Printed encyclopedias and other books with definitions for Adenosine

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Google previewCurrent Topics in Membranes (1992)

Again, adenosine is a case in point.

The purinergic receptors for which adenosine is the most potent agonist are termed Pi receptors, to be distinguished from those purinergic receptors, termed P2 receptors, for which ATP is the most potent ...

Google previewInteraction Between Neurons and Glia in Aging and Disease (2007)

by Ana Cristina Rego, Joao Malva, Rodrigo Cunha, Catarina Oliveira

ABSTRACT Adenosine is a homeostatic modulator in all cells, being produced from intracellular ATP as a consequence of increased workload or noxious stimuli. Extracellular adenosine can then afford tissue protection by a combination of ...

Google previewClinical Pharmacology (2007)

With STUDENTCONSULT Access by Peter N. Bennett, Morris J. Brown

Adenosine is an endogenous purine nucleotide that slows atrioventricular conduction and dilates coronary and peripheral arteries. It is rapidly metabolised by circulating adenosine deaminase and is also taken up by cells; hence its residence ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience (2010)

Adenosine is a purine nucleoside that is derived ...

Google previewFASCIA , Clinical Applications for Health and Human Performance , Clinical Applications for Health and Human Performance (2016)

Medicine, Healthcare by CTI Reviews

Adenosine is a purine nucleoside comprising a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule (ribofuranose) moiety via a βN 9 glycosidic bond. Adenosineplays an importantrole inbiochemicalprocesses, suchas energytransferas ...

Google previewBrain Edema XI (2012)

Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom, June 6–10, 1999 by A.D. Mendelow, A. Baethmann, Z. Czernicki, J.T. Hoff, umeo ito, H.E. James, T. Kuroiwa, A. Marmarou, L.F. Marshall, H.-.J. Reulen

Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Summary Adenosine is a putative endogenous neuroprotectant. Its action at A1 receptors mitigates excitotoxicity while action at A2 receptors increases cerebral blood flow (CBF).

Google previewHomeostatic Control of Brain Function (2015)

by Detlev Boison, Susan Masino

Adenosine is an ubiquitous purine nucleoside that links metabolism to neuronal function (Dunwiddie and Masino, 2001;

Google previewNuclear Cardiac Imaging (2008)

Principles and Applications by Ami E. Iskandrian, Ernest V. Garcia

PHARMACOLOGY Adenosine Adenosine is a small heterocyclic compound made of a purine base and a sugar ribose and is produced endogenously by endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells in minute amounts during normal cellular ...

Google previewPrentice Hall Biology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS: KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, PLACES, CONCEPTS Adenosine: Adenosine is a purine nucleoside...

Pharmacological effects Adenosine is an endogenous purine nucleoside that modulates many physiological processes.

Google previewHeart Physiology and Pathophysiology (2000)

by Yoshihisa Kurachi, Andre Terzic, Michael V. Cohen

Adenosine is the molecule that is the end product of dephosphorylation of ATP. It is always produced, also in healthy myocardium, but it is produced in excess under anoxic or ischemic conditions. For example, adenosine plays a ...

Google previewThe Cleveland Clinic Foundation Intensive Review of Internal Medicine (2014)

by James K. Stoller

Adenosine is an appropriate firstline choice of drug therapy for some tachycardias, but not bradycardia. If a patient is unstable with tachycardia and a ...

Google previewSleep-Disordered Breathing: Beyond Obstructive Sleep Apnea, An Issue of Clinics in Chest Medicine, An Issue of Clinics in Chest Medicine, (2014)

by Carolyn D'Ambrosio

Adenosine is a respiratory depressant. Theophylline is used for COPD and asthma. It may improve respiration during sleep by blocking adenosine receptors and stimulating respiration. Theophylline has been used to treat CheyneStokes ...

Google previewSelected Topics from Neurochemistry (2013)

by Neville N. Osborne

Jerusalem Abstract—Adenosine is an endogenous component of brain tissue and is present at micromolar concentrations. well above those required to saturate the adenylate cyclase-linked receptors recently demonstrated by binding studies.

Google preview2014 Intravenous Medications (2013)

A Handbook for Nurses and Health Professionals by Betty L. Gahart, Adrienne R. Nazareno

Adenosine is the drug of choice. n Diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardia. n Evaluate function of a demand pacemaker. CONTRAINDICATIONS Apnea, known hypersensitivity to anticholinesterase agents, mechanical intestinal and urinary ...

Google previewCoronary Pressure (2013)

by N.H. Pijls, B. de Bruyne

Intracoronary adenosine is an extremely safe agent to induce maximum hyperemia', without noticeable side-effects and with the possibility of repeating the measurements within minutes (figure 5.11). Its very rapid onset (within 10 seconds) ...

Google previewEmergency Drug Dosing in Children (2012)

A resuscitation aid for paediatric emergencies by Mike Wells, Lara N Goldstein, Martin J Botha

adenosine is the first-line treatment. Pharmacological action Adenosine decreases automaticity and rate of ...

Google previewCardiovascular and Pulmonary Physical Therapy (2009)

A Clinical Manual by Joanne Watchie

Adenosine is a naturally occurring purine nucleoside that modulates many physiological responses. In the heart, it attaches to receptors in the AV node, slowing conduction through it and interrupting reentry pathways.44,111 ...

Google previewCardiovascular Intervention: A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease (2015)

by Deepak L. Bhatt

Adenosine is an anti-arrhythmic agent that slows AV nodal conduction and interrupts re-entry pathways through the AV node. It has a very rapid onset and a brief duration of action (<10 seconds half-life) and is typically used for the treatment of ...

Google previewRadiologic Adjuncts: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition (2012)

ScholarlyBrief

Adenosine is a possible candidate for local delivery based on its proven anti- epileptic effects,” investigators in Ghent, Belgium report. “Neural stem cells constitute an ideal cell source for intracerebral transplantation and long-term drug delivery ...

Google previewChemoreceptors and Chemoreceptor Reflexes (2012)

by Helmut Acker, Andrzej Trzebski, Ronan G. O’Regan

Adenosine is an important homeostatic substance of the cell in relation to which adenosine decreases or increases its functions according to the needs of the cell, behaving as a retaliatory metabolite (see e.g. Newby, 1984; Dragunow and ...

Google previewOrganic Chemistry , Biological Approach (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Adenosine is a purine nucleoside comprising a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule (ribofuranose) moiety via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. Adenosine plays an important role in biochemical processes, such as energy ...

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Video language resources about Adenosine

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View more videos about Adenosine deaminase, Adenosine diphosphate, and Adenosine triphosphate.

See also the pronunciation examples of Adenosine!

Scrabble value of A1D2E1N1O1S1I1N1E1

The value of this 9-letter word is 10 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ADENOSINE

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