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Adrenal

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Definition of the noun adrenal

What does adrenal mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: adrenals

  1. either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney

Alternative definition of the noun adrenal

noun

  1. An adrenal gland.

Definition of the adjective adrenal

What does adrenal mean as an attribute of a noun?

adjective

  1. of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions
  2. near the kidneys

Explanation

Adrenal a.k.a. Epinephrine is a hormone and a neurotransmitter. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are two separate but related hormones secreted by the medulla of the adrenal glands. They are also produced at the ends of sympathetic nerve fibres, where they serve as chemical mediators for conveying the nerve impulses to effector organs. The investigation of the pharmacology of epinephrine made a major contribution to the understanding of the autonomic system and the function of the sympathetic system. Epinephrine remains a useful medicine for several emergency indications. This is despite its non-specific action on adrenoceptors and the subsequent development of multiple selective medicines that target subtypes of the adrenoceptors. The word adrenaline is used in common parlance to denote increased activation of the sympathetic system associated with the energy and excitement of the fight-or-flight response. The influence of adrenaline is mainly limited to a metabolic effect and bronchodilation effect on organs devoid of direct sympathetic innervation.

Phrases with Adrenal

  1. adrenal gland
  2. Adrenal artery
  3. adrenal cortex
  4. adrenal medulla
  5. adrenal cortical steroid

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Adrenal

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Google previewConcise Dictionary of Modern Medicine (2010)

by Joseph Segen

hypotension, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hyponatremia, hypoglycemia, mild anemia, increase WBCs, eosinophilia • primary adrenal insufficiency Hyperpigmentation, Increased K+, vitiligo, autoimmune thyroid disease, CNS symptoms if ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Human Genetics and Disease (2012)

by Evelyn B. Kelly

X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita is a disorder of the endocrine glands, especially the adrenal glands that sit on top of each kidney. The word “ hypoplasia” comes from the Greek roots: hypo meaning “under,” and plas meaning “form.

Google previewCompanion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine (1997)

by William F. Bynum, Roy Porter

in London, and was named adrenal virilism or the adrenogenital syndrome. Some children were also obese. In 1912, Gushing described a patient suffering from a 'pnlyglandular (or ...

Google previewDictionary of Biological Psychology (2003)

by Philip Winn

The adrenal gland, situated (as the name indicates) immediately next to the kidneys, is involved in STRESS and OSMOREGULATION. The adrenal gland is composed of two distinct components : the adrenal ...

Google previewBailliere's Midwives' Dictionary E-Book (2012)

by Denise Tiran

hyperplasia autosomal recessive condition; adrenal glands overproduce androgens due to deficiency of 21-hydroxylase enzyme, necessary for production of steroids from cholesterol; causes rapid salt loss; ambiguous genitalia.

Google previewPhysiology, Pathology, Bacteriology, Anatomy, Dictionary (1904)

Adrenal. Gland. and. Cytolysins. and. Antitoxin. Apbott'. immunized rabbits with guinea-pig adrenal extract, with...

Google previewOxford Dictionary of Sports Science and Medicine (2006)

by Michael Kent

adrenal gland ...

Google previewAmerican Medical Association Concise Medical Encyclopedia (2006)

by Martin S. Lipsky, M.D.

ADRENAL FAILURE phate (atp) is broken clown by its reaction with water so one phosphate unit and one hydrogen ion are removed from the ATP molecule. Most of the reactions that consume energy in the cells arc driven by the conversion of ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Adrenal

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Video language resources about Adrenal

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Quotes about Adrenal

So I set out to study the oxidation system in the potato, which, if damaged, causes the plant to turn brown. I did this in the hope of discovering, through these studies, the key to the understanding of adrenal function. (Albert Szent Gyorgyi)
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Scrabble value of A1D2R1E1N1A1L1

The value of this 7-letter word is 8 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ADRENAL

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