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Affirmative action

Affirmative action is a tautogram (all words start with the same letter). View more tautograms!
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Definition of the noun affirmative action

What does affirmative action mean as a name of something?


  1. a policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities
    • example: affirmative action has been extremely controversial and was challenged in 1978 in the Bakke decision
    • lexical domain: Communicative Processes - nouns denoting communicative processes and contents
    • more generic term: social action = a social policy of reform

Alternative definition of the noun affirmative action


  1. A policy or program providing advantages for people of a minority group who are seen to have traditionally been discriminated against, with the aim of creating a more egalitarian society through preferential access to education, employment, health care, social welfare, etc.


  1. "Affirmative action" is a book by Julio Faúndez.
    • also known as "Affirmative action: international perspectives"
  2. "Affirmative action" is a book by Billington Mwangi Gituto.
    • also known as "Affirmative action: the promise of a new dawn"
  3. "Affirmative action" is a book by Tim Wise.
    • also known as "Affirmative action: racial preference in black and white"
  4. "Affirmative action" is a book by Thea Wingrove.
    • also known as "Affirmative action: a "how to" guide for managers"
  5. "Affirmative action" is a book by Albert G. Mosley.
    • also known as "Affirmative action: social justice or unfair preference?"


Affirmative action or positive discrimination is the policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who are perceived to suffer from discrimination within a culture.

  • also known as 平权法案

Printed encyclopedias and other books with definitions for Affirmative action

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Google previewAsian American History and Culture: An Encyclopedia (2015)

An Encyclopedia by Huping Ling, Allan W. Austin

Affirmative action is defined as a policy or set of programs designed to give ethnic minorities (and sometimes women) preference in hiring, contracting, or admission to educational institutions, in order to redress the effects of past discrimination ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Black Studies (2005)

by Molefi Kete Asante, Ama Mazama

Many institutions, although not mandated to do so by the federal government, voluntarily created and implemented affirmative action programs as they attempted to find ways to eliminate discriminatory practices and improve opportunities for ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Political Economy: A-K (1999)

by Phillip Anthony O'Hara

Definition and nature Affirmative action is a term for policies, either legally mandated or voluntarily negotiated, that require taking positive actions to eliminate discrimination. This includes discrimination by demographic characteristics such as ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Women's Health (2004)

by Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Affirmative Action opportunity and treatment for minorities. In one speech, President Johnson championed affirmative action by stating, “We seek not just freedom but opportunity—not just legal equity but human ability—not just equality as a ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society (2008)

by Richard T. Schaefer

affirmative action and equal opportunity programs in employment in Michigan (as well as in education and business contracts). Proposal 2 was passed on November 7, 2006, by 58% of the voters and was set to go into effect on December 22, ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Aging and Public Health (2008)

by Sana Loue, Martha Sajatovic

Ruiz Affirmative action, which has also been known as ''equal opportunity,'' is a term used to describe a policy created to ensure that individuals who fall into a protected class have equal opportunity or access to a position or ...

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Quotes about Affirmative action

Affirmative action was never meant to be permanent, and now is truly the time to move on to some other approach. (Susan Estrich)
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