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Agonist

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun agonist:

agonistprotagonist
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Definition of the noun agonist

What does agonist mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: agonists

  1. the principal character in a work of fiction
  2. someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon)
    • lexical domain: People - nouns denoting people
    • antonym: antagonist
    • more generic word: contestant = a person who participates in competitions
  3. a muscle that contracts while another relaxes
    • example: when bending the elbow the biceps are the agonist
    • lexical domain: Body Parts - nouns denoting body parts
    • more generic term: antagonistic muscle = a muscle that opposes the action of another
  4. (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction
    • domain: biochemistry
    • lexical domain: Artifacts - nouns denoting man-made objects
    • more generic word: drug = a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic

Specialised definition of the noun agonist

Glossary of sports

a muscle whose action is balanced by mat of another associated muscle; a hormone, neurotransmitter or drug that triggers a response by binding to specific cell receptors (2006. Dictionary of Sport and Exercise Science. A&C Black Publishers Ltd)

Music

"Agonist" is a musical album of Latitudes.

  • released on (6 years ago)

Miscellanea

Agonist: An agent that has affinity for a receptor and intrinsic activity at that receptor.

Phrases with Agonist

  1. adrenergic agonist eyedrop
  2. Co-Agonist

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Agonist

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewPain: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition (2013)

agonist is a fusion protein (fusion product) comprising a monoclonal TGF-.beta. neutralizing antibody and a molecule that specifically targets sensory neurons such as a monoclonal antibody against ...

Google previewThe Biology of Science Fiction Cinema (2005)

by Mark C. Glassy

An agonist is a compound that interacts with a receptor to mimic the e›ects of the endogenous ligand. An antagonist is a...

Google previewFundamentals of Pharmacology for Veterinary Technicians (2010)

by Janet Romich

A strong agonist is a drug that has an exact fit at the receptor site and causes maximal cellular effect with only a few drug molecules occupying a few receptors. A weak agonist is a drug that does not have an exact fit with the receptor site and ...

Google previewDr Podcast Scripts for the Primary FRCA (2011)

by Rebecca A. Leslie, Emily K. Johnson, Alexander P. L. Goodwin

A partial agonist is a drug that has significant receptor affinity but only partial intrinsic activity.

Google previewEssentials of Abnormal Psychology (2016)

by Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Agonist: An agonist is a chemical that binds to some receptor of a cell and triggers a response by that cell.

Google previewRemington - Essentials of Pharmaceutics (2013)

by Linda A. Felton

An agonist is a drug that combines with a receptor to initiate a response. In the classical occupation theory, two attributes of the drug are required: (1) affinity, a measure of the equilibrium constant of the drug-receptor interaction; and (2) ...

Google previewNeurobiology of Addictions (2014)

Implications for Clinical Practice by Shulamith L A Straussner, Richard T. Spence, Diana M. Dinitto

Whereas a full agonist is a drug that produces as much of an effect inside a nerve cell as the natural neurotransmitter, a partial agonist is a drug that produces a smaller effect. Buprenorphine (Buprenex) is a partial agonist at the brain's ...

Google previewOxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine (2011)

by Geoffrey Hanks, Nathan I. Cherny, Nicholas A. Christakis, Stein Kaasa

The term agonist refers to a drug that binds to receptors to induce changes in the cell which stimulate physiologi- cal...

A partial agonist is a drug with low intrinsic activity (efficacy) so that its dose–response curve exhibits a ceiling effect at less ...

Google previewRemington Essentials of Pharmaceutics - Felton, Linda 2012

Remington Essentials of Pharmaceutics - Felton, Linda 2012

An agonist is a drug that combines with a receptor to initiate a response. In the classical occupation theory, two attributes of the drug are required: (1) affinity, a measure of the equilibrium constant of the drug-receptor interaction; and (2) ...

Google previewEssentials of Pharmacotherapeutics (2000)

by F S K Barar

An agonist is a drug (or hormone, or neurotransmitter) which combines with its specific receptor, activates it, and initiates a response, e.g., acetylcholine and noradrenaline activate cholinoceptors and adrenoceptors, respectively. An antagonist ...

Google previewFoundations of Speech Act Theory (2002)

Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives by S.L. Tsohatzidis

fashion, the Agonist is the addressee and the Antagonist...

Google previewRemington (2006)

The Science and Practice of Pharmacy by David B. Troy, Paul Beringer

An agonist is a drug that combines with a receptor to initiate a response. In the classical occupation theory, two attributes of the drug are required: (1) affinity, a measure of the equilibrium constant of the drug-receptor interaction, and (2) ...

Google previewClinical Kinesiology and Anatomy (2011)

by Lynn S Lippert

An agonist is a muscle or muscle group that causes the motion. It is sometimes referred to as the prime mover. A muscle that is not as effective but does assist in providing that motion is called an assisting mover. Factors that determine whether ...

Google previewKaufman's Clinical Neurology for Psychiatrists (2012)

by David Myland Kaufman, Mark J Milstein

Treatment with a dopamine agonist is the most ...

Google previewINS Dictionary of Neuropsychology and Clinical Neurosciences (2015)

by David W. Loring, Stephen Bowden

Agitation Agonist Agnosia first to return. (Greek a-, without; gueusis, taste) Agitation A state characterized by extreme restlessness and heightened arousal. It may involve wringing of the hands, pacing, and poor emotional control, including ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery (2008)

by Gary L. Fisher, Nancy A. Roget

Naltrexone is an opioid agonist that serves to diminish cravings for alcohol during treatment. Research support for the effectiveness of naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence has been very promising, with some studies indicating ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Food and Health (2015)

Peptide name Physiological classification a-S1-casein a-S1-casecidin Antimicrobial Isracidin Antimicrobial a-S1-casokinin-5 ACE inhibitor Casein phosphopeptide Calcium binding and transport a-S1-casein exorphins Opioid agonist ...

Google previewDictionary of Biological Psychology (2003)

by Philip Winn

An agonist is a DRUG or chemical that is able to bind to a RECEPTOR and activate it, producing an appropriate response which may involve changes in ION CHANNEL opening or closing, activation of SECOND MESSENGERS and changes ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine (2015)

A drug that binds to a receptor and triggers that receptor to perform its biological function is called an agonist. It should be noted that many substances may bind to a given receptor, and may activate the receptor to varying degrees. A drug that ...

Google previewCRC Dictionary of Agricultural Sciences (2001)

by Robert Alan Lewis

agonist. 2: a substance that interacts with or occupies a receptor but does not initiate a response. 3: a substance that reduces the toxicity of a toxicant. 4: a muscle that opposes the action of another. Specifically, a muscle that acts in ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Agonist

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Usage statistics about agonist

The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English from the later part of the 20th century, both spoken and written.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun agonist:

agonistprotagonist

Comparison of usage frequency between the noun agonist and its most common antonym:

antagonistagonist

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Small photo of Medical enema isolated agonist white backgroundSmall photo of Medical enema isolated agonist white backgroundSmall photo of two Medical enema isolated agonist white backgroundSmall photo of Medical enema isolated agonist white backgroundSmall photo of AgonistSmall photo of four Medical enema isolated agonist white backgroundSmall photo of four Medical enema isolated agonist white background More...

Video language resources about Agonist

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Quotes about Agonist

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Scrabble value of A1G2O1N1I1S1T1

The value of this 7-letter word is 8 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of AGONIST

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