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Alkane

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Definition of the noun alkane

What does alkane mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: alkanes

  1. a series of non-aromatic saturated hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH(2n+2)
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • synonyms of alkane: alkane series / methane series / paraffin / paraffin series
    • more generic term: aliphatic compound = organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative
    • more specific words:
      • butane = occurs in natural gas
      • aminoalkane / amine = a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
      • ethane / C2H6 = a colorless odorless alkane gas used as fuel
      • heptane = a colorless volatile highly flammable liquid obtained from petroleum and used as an anesthetic or a solvent or in determining octane ratings
      • hexane = a colorless flammable liquid alkane derived from petroleum and used as a solvent
      • methane = a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel

Alternative definition of the noun alkane

noun

  1. [organic chemistry] Any of saturated hydrocarbons including methane, ethane and compounds with long carbon chain known as paraffins etc., having a chemical formula of the form CnH2n+2.

Explanation

Alkane: In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin, is a saturated hydrocarbon. Alkanes consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms and all bonds are single bonds. Alkanes have the general chemical formula CₙH₂ₙ₊₂. Alkanes belong to a homologous series of organic compounds in which the members differ by a molecular mass of 14.03u. There are two main commercial sources: crude oil and natural gas.

  • also known as Parafin, 烷烃

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alkane

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Google previewAtomically-Precise Methods for Synthesis of Solid Catalysts (2014)

by Sophie Hermans, Thierry Visart de Bocarme

The resulting reaction, transformation of two ethane molecules into one methane molecule and one propane molecule, is called alkane metathesis by analogy with what is observed for olefins. It can be decomposed into three steps: ...

Google previewModern Oncology (2012)

An A-Z of Key Topics by Alastair Munro

An alkyl group is simply an alkane that has lost a hydrogen atom. An alkane is an organic molecule consisting of chains, either branched or unbranched, ...

Google previewOrganic Chemistry I For Dummies (2014)

by Arthur Winter

to an alkane is a way of converting a meta director into an ortho-para activator. Problem Solving: Synthesis of Substituted Benzenes Figure 16-16: ...

Google previewChemistry: The Molecular Science (2014)

by John Moore, Conrad Stanitski

An alkane is a hydrocarbon that contains the greatest possible ratio of hydrogen to carbon. Alkanes are the main components of automobile fuels and motor oils. Table 2.8 provides some information about the first ten alkanes. The first four ...

Google previewThe Chemistry Student's Companion (2006)

by Stephen R. Schaffter

An alkane is a hydrocarbon with single bonds between all atoms. Alkenes are ...

Google previewLewis' Dictionary of Toxicology (1998)

by Robert Alan Lewis

higher alkane. any alkane higher than C8. They occur in fuel oil, diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosene, and mineral oil. Most are not very toxic. Occupational exposure is mostly by inhalation .

Google previewEncyclopedia of Emulsion Technology (1987)

Basic Theory, Measurement, Applications by Daniel Schuster

Equivalent Alkane Carbon Number In the previous section, the ACN was a prominent variable for determining microemulsion phase behavior and maximal stability of o/w and w/o macro- emulsions, using nonionic surfactants. Schechter ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science (2006)

by P. Somasundaran

The sulfoxidation reaction between Clz—Clg alkane, sulfur dioxide, and oxygen was commercialized as continuous “light-water” process by Hoechstlsgl Sulfoxidation is a photochemical and weakly exothermic reaction that corresponds to the ...

Google previewThe Rosen Comprehensive Dictionary of Chemistry (2007)

by John O. E. Clark, William Hemsley

butane C4H10 Gaseous alkane, used as a portable supply of fuel. butanedicarboxylic acid Alternative name for adipic acid. butanedioic acid Alternative name for succinic acid. butanol ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Concise (2013)

by Herman F. Mark

head groups and hydrophobic (linear alkane) tails. The amphiphilic nature of these molecules leads to a preferred orientation at the air—water interface, where the ...

Google previewPolymer Technology Dictionary (1994)

by Tony Whelan

alkane. and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene should be represented as p] polyimide_ ( PMMA + ABS). That is, a mixture of poly(methyl methacrylate) PMMA polymethyl ...

Google previewBotany (Collins Internet-Linked Dictionary of) (2017)

by Jill Bailey

an alkane .

Google previewThe Focal Encyclopedia of Photography (2013)

by Michael R. Peres

Alkane sultone synthesis of sulfoalkyl substituted cyanine dyes. Schouwenaars, M. A. (Gevaert): Reduction gold-fogged silver halide direct- positive emulsions. Yule, J. A. C., and Maurer, R. E. (Kodak Autoscreen Film): ...

Google previewThe Gardeners' Dictionary (1886)

Enumerating the Plants, Fruits, and Vegetables Desirable for the Garden and Explaining the Terms and Operations Employed in Their Cultivations by George W. Johnson

Alkane't. Anchu'sa tincto'ria.

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Quotes about Alkane

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Scrabble value of A1L1K5A1N1E1

The value of this 6-letter word is 10 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of ALKANE

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