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Definition of the noun alkane

What does alkane mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: alkanes

  1. a series of non-aromatic saturated hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH(2n+2)
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • synonyms of alkane: alkane series / methane series / paraffin / paraffin series
    • more generic term: aliphatic compound = organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative
    • more specific words:
      • butane = occurs in natural gas
      • aminoalkane / amine = a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
      • ethane / C2H6 = a colorless odorless alkane gas used as fuel
      • heptane = a colorless volatile highly flammable liquid obtained from petroleum and used as an anesthetic or a solvent or in determining octane ratings
      • hexane = a colorless flammable liquid alkane derived from petroleum and used as a solvent
      • methane = a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel

Alternative definition of the noun alkane


  1. [organic chemistry] Any of saturated hydrocarbons including methane, ethane and compounds with long carbon chain known as paraffins etc., having a chemical formula of the form CnH2n+2.


Alkane: In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin, is a saturated hydrocarbon. Alkanes consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms and all bonds are single bonds. Alkanes have the general chemical formula CₙH₂ₙ₊₂. Alkanes belong to a homologous series of organic compounds in which the members differ by a molecular mass of 14.03u. There are two main commercial sources: crude oil and natural gas.

  • also known as Parafin, 烷烃

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alkane

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewModern Oncology (2012)

An A-Z of Key Topics by Alastair Munro

An alkyl group is simply an alkane that has lost a hydrogen atom. An alkane is an organic molecule consisting of chains, either branched or unbranched, ...

Google previewOrganic Chemistry I For Dummies (2014)

by Arthur Winter

to an alkane is a way of converting a meta director into an ortho-para activator. Problem Solving: Synthesis of Substituted Benzenes Figure 16-16: ...

Google previewChemistry: The Molecular Science (2014)

by John Moore, Conrad Stanitski

An alkane is a hydrocarbon that contains the greatest possible ratio of hydrogen to carbon. Alkanes are the main components of automobile fuels and motor oils. Table 2.8 provides some information about the first ten alkanes. The first four ...

Google previewThe Chemistry Student's Companion (2006)

by Stephen R. Schaffter

An alkane is a hydrocarbon with single bonds between all atoms. Alkenes are ...

Google previewLewis' Dictionary of Toxicology (1998)

by Robert Alan Lewis

higher alkane. any alkane higher than C8. They occur in fuel oil, diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosene, and mineral oil. Most are not very toxic. Occupational exposure is mostly by inhalation .

Google previewEncyclopedia of Emulsion Technology (1987)

Basic Theory, Measurement, Applications by Daniel Schuster

Equivalent Alkane Carbon Number In the previous section, the ACN was a prominent variable for determining microemulsion phase behavior and maximal stability of o/w and w/o macro- emulsions, using nonionic surfactants. Schechter ...

Google previewDictionary of Chemistry

alkaline battery alkane extremely reactive. They react violently with water, forming hydroxides and releasing hydrogen gas and heat. Caesium and francium are the most reactive and lithium is the least. alkaline battery A dry cell in which the ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics, and Informatics (2008)

by George P. Rédei

Alkane: An alkane is a aliphatic molecule joined by a single covalent bond, e.g., CH3—CH3. ▷alkene Alkaptonuria (alcaptonuria, AKU): Alkaptonuria is ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Chemical Engineering (2014)

by Carl Schaschke

alkane A saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon that has the general formula CnH2n+2. Forming a homologous series, the smallest is methane (CH 4), followed by ...

Google previewEncyclopaedic Dictionary of Biology (2003)

by S. Choudhary

alkane (paraffin) : An organic molecule containing carbon and hydrogen atoms in straight or branched chains, where ...

Google previewA Consumer's Dictionary of Food Additives (2009)

by Ruth Winter

ALKANE ' See Paraffin. ALKANET ROOT ' Alkane Ferrous Sulfate.

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Scrabble value of A1L1K5A1N1E1

The value of this 6-letter word is 10 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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