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Definition of the noun Alpinism
What does Alpinism mean as a name of something?
noun - plural:
- alpinism: alpinisms
- Alpinism: Alpinisms
- mountain climbing (not restricted to the Alps)
Specialised definition of the noun Alpinism
Glossary of sports
excursions in high mountain regions, practiced in its sportive form as mountain climbing. Although the Italian poet Francesco Petrarca (*1304, †l374) was called the "father of alpinism" following his ascent of the Mont Ventoux in the Provence Alps (1912 m) and technical aids such as the ladder and rope were mentioned in documents as early as 1492, the first ascent of the Montblanc in Chamonix (France) in 1786 is generally regarded as the true "birth" of alpinism. The "golden era" of alpinism followed with the first ascents of many peaks; this era came to an end with the first ascent of the Matterhorn (Switzerland, 4478 m). The founding of alpine clubs towards the second half of the 19th century resulted in the systematic discovery and exploration of the Alps. After 1910 the era of "difficulty alpinism" began, where difficulties up to the 6th and highest level were mastered with technical aids, particularly on direct routes (direttissima). The highest peak on earth, Mount Everest in the Himalayas (8848 m), was conquered for the first time by Sir Edmund Percival Hillary and the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, in the year 1953. In 1964 all peaks on earth with an altitude over 8000 m had been climbed. Opportunities for further first ascents are still available in America, Asia, and Antarctica, so that alpinism as a sport movement continues. From a technical point of view the following variants of alpinism can be differentiated: 1. expedition style: construction of bivouac camps as a starting point for further climbs; transport of supplies by sherpas or ropes. This variant is practiced predominantly in winter; 2. mountain tours with a knowledgeable mountain guide; 3. ascent in the direct fall line (direttisima); this has been the goal of mountain climbers since about 1930; 4. high altitude climbing without the aid of artificial respiration devices; 5. rock climbing without technical aids; 6. mountain climbing as a part of the tourist movement. Especially as a result of the work of alpine clubs alpinism has developed from its extreme forms towards mountain hiking for everybody, a tendency that has also been nourished by the current human urge to experience nature, as a counter-reaction to the technicizing of modern life. Alpine rescue services have been formed to help alpinists in need of assistance or rescue. (Herbert Haag & Gerald Haag. 2003. Dictionary. Sport, Physical Education, Sport Science. Kiel, Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaften)
Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alpinism
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The Call Of Ice (2014)
Climbing 8000-Meter Peaks in Winter by Simone Moro
Alpinism is an art form, like painting or music. Just as there are those who portray fantastic landscapes on canvas and write extraordinary scores, there are ...
The Will to Climb (2011)
Obsession and Commitment and the Quest to Climb Annapurna--the World's Deadliest Peak by Ed Viesturs, David Roberts
Alpinism is a personal adventure.
After all, Alpinism is a great invention of our times, and the generation which discovered it might fairly blush if it had fallen to mean and vulgar pens to expound its glories. As a religion, it has a worthy hierophant in Mr. Stephen; as a science, ...
After all, Alpinism is a great invention of our tim and the generation which discovered it might fairly blush if it ad fallen to mean and vulgar pens to expound its glories. As a. religion, it has a worthy hierophant in Mr. Stephen; as a science, ...
by Bill Mallon, Jeroen Heijmans
ALPINISM. Alpinism is governed internationally by the Union Intemationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA), also known by the name the International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation. It was created in 1932 in Chamonix, France, ...
by Leo Schelbert
ALPINISM. See MOUNTAINEERING ALPS. The highest system of mountains in Western Europe. They form an arch from the Gulf of Genoa on the Mediterranean to Vienna, located at the western edge of the Hungarian plain. Sixty percent of ...
The Climbing Dictionary (2011)
Mountaineering Slang, Terms, Neologisms & Lingo: An Illustrated Reference by Matt Samet
Origin: Alpinism or modern-day mountaineering began around 1875, when nearly all the Alps' major summits had been firstascended, leaving climbers to seek new challenges on the same or lesser peaks. A seminal event was Henri Cordier's ...
The awakening of man's interest in mountains is chiefly due to Rousseau, though earlier writers, while approaching them as scientists, were also suscept- alpinism is generally dated. In London in 1857 was formed the first alpine club to foster ...
by Robert Jean Campbell
alpinism A nonspecific term referring to neuropsychiatric syndromes appearing in ...
Over 7,100 terms on Airlines, Tourism, Hospitality, Cruises, Car Rentals, GDS, Geography, Climate, Ecology, Business, Customs, and Organizations Subjects by Homero E. Martinez
Alpinism (Tourism): The practice of climbing high mountains either on snow, ice or rock, assisted with suitable equipment. Alt (Hospitality): A brew much like British ale. Its name derives from a German word that means old, and illustrates it is ...
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Photo about Alpinism
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Video about Alpinism
Video shows what alpinism means. Mountain climbing, especially in the Alps.. Alpinism Meaning. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. How to say ...
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Scrabble value of A1L1P3I1N1I1S1M3
The value of this 8-letter word is 12 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.
Anagrams of ALPINISM
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