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Alprazolam

Definition of the noun Alprazolam

What does Alprazolam mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: -

  1. Category:en:DrugsAn antianxiety drug 8-chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine

Explanation

Alprazolam: A triazolobenzodiazepine agent with anxiolytic, sedative-hypnotic and anticonvulsant activities. Alprazolam binds to a specific site distinct from the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid binding site on the benzodiazepine-GABA-A-chloride ionophore receptor complex located in the limbic, thalamic and hypothalamic regions of the central nervous system. This binding causes an allosteric modification of the receptor and enhances the affinity of GABA to the receptor leading to an increase in the frequency of chloride-channel opening events. This leads to an increase in chloride ion conductance, neuronal hyperpolarization, inhibition of the action potential and leads to a decrease in neuronal excitability.

  • also known as Xanax

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Alprazolam

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewPsychosocial and Public Health Impacts of New HIV Therapies (2006)

by David G. Ostrow, Seth Kalichman

For example, alprazolam is a low clearance drug and ...

Google previewDermatology (2012)

by Otto Braun-Falco, Gerd Plewig, Helmut Heinrich Wolff, Walter Burgdorf

The unique thing about alprazolam is that it is an anti-anxiety drug that does not have a depressant effect in most patients. If the drug is used for 2–3 weeks for acute situational anxiety, the risk of dependency is almost nil. When terminating ...

Google previewHandbook of Outpatient Treatment of Adults (2013)

Nonpsychotic Mental Disorders by Barry A. Edelstein, Michel Hersen, M.E. Thase

Alprazolam is a triazolo analogue of the 1,4 benzodiazepine class of CNS-active compounds. Following oral administration, it is readily absorbed; peak plasma concentra| Panic disorder + Phobias | w Benzodiazepine, e.g. ...

Google previewPost-Traumatic Therapy And Victims Of Violence (2013)

by Frank Ochberg

Alprazolam is a short-acting benzodiazepine that suppresses panic attacks as efficiently or almost as efficiently as the tricyclic imipramine (Tofranil) (Chouinard et al., 1982). Its advantages over imipramine is that it works more rapidly and does ...

Google previewSurgery-Urologic Specialty Review and Study Guide (2015)

A Series from StatPearls by Stephen W Leslie

is a newer antipsychotic with minimal side effects Alprazolam is a short acting benzodiazepines ...

Google previewSmall Animal Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (2011)

by Dawn Merton Boothe

Alprazolam is a reasonable alternative if chronic administration is needed. Dantrolene is an alternative striated muscle relaxant that has been investigated in cats. Dantrolene acts as a direct muscle relaxant by inhibiting calcium movement ...

Google previewComprehensive Dermatologic Drug Therapy (2012)

by Stephen E. Wolverton

Alprazolam is a prototypical quick—acting benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety. Usually half of a 0.25 mg tablet, up to four times daily on an as-needed basis, is adequate to control acute anxiety. The dosage can be titrated upward; however, ...

Google previewAdvances in Psychopharmacology (1984)

by Mark S. Gold, John S. Carman, R. Bruce Lydiard

Alprazolam is an equivalent choice. Assessment of response to anxiolytic medications in general requires that specific anxiety symptoms are measured as targets of drug action. Where and when does the patient experience anticipatory ...

Google previewPhysician Assistant Review Guide (2010)

by David Paulk, Donna Agnew

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine. The antidote for a benzodiazepine is umazenil. Flumazenil antagonizes the actions of benzodiazepines on the central nervous system.

Google previewMedicine (2004)

by Mark C. Fishman

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine that has antidepressant properties but is considered by most psychiatrists to be less effective than other antidepressants on the market. However, its anxiolytic properties can make it a useful adjunctive ...

Google previewBlueprints Psychiatry (2009)

by Michael Murphy, Ronald Cowan

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine that is useful in alcohol withdrawal. Thiamine and glucose are important treatments in patients who are found unresponsive and would also be important in the management of this patient in case other factors ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Addictive Drugs (2002)

by Richard Lawrence Miller

Alprazolam. Pronunciation: al-PRAY-zoh-lam (also pronounced al-PRAZ-oh-lam) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number: 28981-97-7 Formal Names: Alplax, Frontal, Solanax, Tafil, Trankimazin, Xanax, Xanor, Zotran Type: Depressant ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Psychopharmacology (2010)

by Ian Stolerman

Definition Alprazolam is a high-potency, short-acting anxiolytic benzodiazepine medication used in the treatment of anxiety, panic, and phobic disorders. It has some antispasmodic and anticonvulsant effects. It is not antidepressant.

Google previewLexicon of Psychiatry, Neurology, and the Neurosciences (2000)

by Frank J. Ayd

alprazolam vs. haloperidol/disruptive behavior/ dementia Alprazolam (ALP) and haloperidol (HAL) are commonly used by nursing home personnel to manage the disruptive behaviors of elderly cognitively ...

Google previewConcise Dictionary of Modern Medicine (2010)

by Joseph Segen

swelling, cough, poor vision management Kidney transplant may be successful in absence of antiglomerular basement membrane and antitubular antibodies Alpram Alprazolam, see there alprazolam Neuropharmacology A benzodiazepine ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Toxicology (2005)

by Bruce Anderson, Ann de Peyster, Shayne C. Gad, P.J. Bert Hakkinen, Michael Kamrin, Betty Locey, Harihara M. Mehendale, Carey Pope, Lee Shugart

VA, USA ' REPRESENTATIVE CHEMIcALsI Alprazolam; Chlordiazepoxide; Clonazepam; Clorazepate dipotassium; Clorazepate monopotassium; Diazepam; Estazolam: Flunitrazepam; Flurazepam; Halazepam; Lorazepam; Midazolam; ...

Google previewConcise Medical Dictionary (2015)

by Elizabeth Martin

alprazolam. n. a * benzodiazepine used for the shortterm relief of anxiety. It is administered by mouth; sideeffects include drowsiness and lightheadedness. Trade name: Xanax. alprostadil.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (2005)

by Arthur Freeman, Stephanie Felgoise

compared CBGT, alprazolam, phenelzine, and placebo plus self- directed exposure. Results found no differences between groups on self-report measures of social avoidance, distress, fear of negative evaluation, and positive and ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Sleep and Sleep Disorders (2010)

by Charles Pollak, Michael J. Thorpy, Jan Yager

Alprazolam, more habit forming than other BENZODIAZEPINES, is often used recreationally and is the most common...

Because of its dependency potential, after it has been used for more than a few days or weeks, alprazolam should never ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine (2015)

Breast Milk Acetaminophen, alprazolam, amitriptyline, amphetamine, benzoylecgonine, buprenorphine, carbamazepine, chloral hydrate, ...

Google previewThe SAGE Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society (2015)

by Sarah E. Boslaugh

Alprazolam and lorazepam were developed with this in mind. However, as is often the case, this solution actually proved to be more problematic than the original problem. Alprazolam clears the system so quickly that patients experiencing ...

Google previewConcise Pocket Medical Dictionary (2015)

by UN Panda

Alprazolam Aluminium, torotannate Alprazolam A benzodiazepine, anxiolytic agent. a. dynamica Hair loss due to some destructive disease process affecting the hair follicles. a. follicularis A papular or postular inflammation of the hair ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Stress and Stress-Related Diseases, Second Edition (2006)

by Ada P. Kahn

Alprazolam: Pharmacokinetics, Clinical ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Parkinson's Disease (2009)

by Anthony D. Mosley

terazosin, tamsulosin beta: propanolol, nadolol, metoprolol, atenolol amantadine benzodiazepines: alprazolam, diazepam, clonazepam other: paroxetine, buspirone trihexyphenidyl, benztropine, procyclidine, biperiden tricyclic: amitriptyline, ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Phobias, Fears, and Anxieties, Third Edition (2009)

by Ronald Manual Doctor, Ada P. Kahn, Christine A. Adamec

ALPRAZOLAM, a BENZODIAZEPINE (popularly known as Xanax), binds to the GABA receptors in the brain. (A drug or NEUROTRANSMITTER “binds” to chemical receptors that are shaped to receive and use it rather than other chemicals.) ...

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Small photo of alprazolam word write on prescriptionSmall photo of Blackboard with the chemical formula of AlprazolamSmall photo of Hand with pen drawing the chemical formula of AlprazolamSmall photo of Book with Alprazolam and test tubes.Small photo of Alprazolam drug word use in medicine word in medical background.Small photo of alprazolam word write on blackboard More...

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Scrabble value of A1L1P3R1A1Z10O1L1A1M3

The value of this 10-letter word is 23 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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