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The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the verb bruise:

Video footage: a huge bruise on the arm
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Definition of the noun bruise

What does bruise mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: bruises

  1. an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
    • lexical domain: States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs
    • synonym of bruise: contusion
    • more generic words: harm / hurt / injury / trauma = any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
    • more specific terms:
      • ecchymosis = the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
      • petechia = a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin
      • black eye / shiner / mouse = a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye

Alternative definition of the noun bruise


  1. [medicine] A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.
  2. A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.

Specialised definition of the noun bruise

Glossary of sports

a dark area on the skin made by blood that has escaped into the tissues after a blow (2006. Dictionary of Sport and Exercise Science. A&C Black Publishers Ltd)

Definition of the verb bruise

What does bruise mean as a doing word?

verb - inflections: bruised | bruising | bruises

  1. injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of
  2. hurt the feelings of
  3. break up into small pieces for food preparation
    • example: bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them
    • domain: cookery / cooking / preparation
    • lexical domain: Change - verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.
    • more generic word: crush = break into small pieces
  4. damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure
    • example: The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them
    • syntax:
      Syntactic formulaExample for the syntactic formula
      [Agent - intentional control] [Verb] [Patient]Carol crushed the ice
      [Agent - intentional control] [Verb] [Patient] with [Instrument]Carol crushed the ice with a hammer | Tony broke the window with a hammer
      [Instrument - concrete object] [Verb] [Adverb]That chisel carves well | That hammer crushes well | This knife cuts well
      [Instrument - concrete object] [Verb] [Patient]The hammer broke the window | The hammer crushed the marble
      [Patient - concrete object] [Verb] [Adverb]Marble carves easily | The bread cuts easily | The ice crushes easily

      Verbs of Cutting (with the same syntax): chip, cleave, crumble, crumple, crunch, crush, cube, dent, dice, fillet, flake, flatten, gash, gouge, grate, grind, mangle, mash, mince, nick, notch, perforate, pulverize, scrunch, shred, slice, slit, smash, squash, squish.

    • domain: flora / plant / plant life
    • lexical domain: Change - verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.
    • more generic word: damage = inflict damage upon

Alternative definition of the verb bruise


  1. [transitive] To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.
  2. [transitive] To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.
  3. [intransitive] Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.
  4. [intransitive, medicine] To bruise easily.


Bruise is a musical artist.


  1. "Bruise" is the seventh album by the American electronic act Assemblage 23. It was released on June 12, 2012 on Metropolis Records and Accession Records.
    • released on
  2. "Bruise" is a composition by Oleander.


Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues or bone without breaking the skin, as by a blow. (from Dictionary.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Bruise

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewThe Millennial Harbinger (1843)

by Alexander Campbell, Charles Louis Loos

Every good bruise is an effectual argument; and hence those once thoroughly in the system sometimes delight to carry conviction by the senses to the souls of those whom they cannot otherwise assail. Hence, in maintaining the camp- meeting ...

Google previewVeterinary specialist (1981)

by United States. Dept. of the Army, Academy of Health Sciences

Bruise is a damaged portion of the muscle or fatty tissue as evidenced by darkened flesh. e. Blood clot. Blood clot is an organized, coagulated, mass of blood in the fat or muscle tissue. f. Foreign material. Foreign material is any extraneous ...

Google previewKnottenbelt and Pascoe's Color Atlas of Diseases and Disorders of the Horse E-Book (2014)

by Siobhan Brid McAuliffe

Solar bruising A bruise is an impact injury that causes focal (or generalized) damage with subsequent hemorrhage of the solar corium. It occurs commonly in all types of horses. The basic cause is abnormal focal weightbearing. This may be ...

Google previewMaster the Nusing School & Allied Health Entrance Exams (2012)

by Marion Gooding

A bruise is a discoloration because of trauma to a part of the body, whereas brews are sold in bars, pubs, and taverns.

Google previewPediatric Massage Therapy (2004)

by Marybetts Sinclair

BRUISES A bruise is an area of discolored or black-and-blue tissue that is a result of injury (usually some kind of an impact). Capillaries beneath the skin break and blood leaks into the surrounding tissue. Bruises come in all sizes, from a tiny ...

Google previewThe Cooks and Confectioners Dictionary; Or, The Accomplish'd Housewifes Companion ... (1723)

by John Nott

BRUISE the Gooseberries, press out the Pulp thro' a Cloth or Sieve. Put three quarters of a Pint of double refind Sugar to every Pint of Pulp; boil them to such a height, that when it is laid on a Plate it will not stick to it, then strain it. 38. QIO makt ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Dentistry (2010)

by Robert Ireland

bruise. (contusion) n. An escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels beneath the skin causing discoloration. It initially appears red, and then gradually changes to blue, then green, and finally yellow, as the haemoglobin is broken down as ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Bruise

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Photos about Bruise

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If you need related images for an article or a report, you can download stock photos:
Small photo of Large bruise on human arm. Injection bruises.Small photo of Large bruise on human arm. Injection bruises.Small photo of bruise and injury on female shoulderSmall photo of The green bruise on the leg that causes nothing to hit the green bruise.Small photo of Injection bruises, Large bruise in the forearmSmall photo of bruise on the patient's arm doctor's handSmall photo of Bruise on white skin. Close-up photo More...

Quotes about Bruise

Better bend the back than bruise the forehead.
more quotes about bruise...

Scrabble value of B3R1U1I1S1E1

The value of this 6-letter word is 8 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of BRUISE

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