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Compound

The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English.

Comparison of usage frequency between the adjective compound and its most common antonym:

simplecompound

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the verb compound:

heightendeepencompoundintensifycombine

The word compound and its family (compounded, compounding, compounds) are included in the Academic Word List by Dr. Averil Coxhead, which contains the 570 most frequent word families used in academic texts from a variety of subject areas, of interest for students that learn the words most needed to study at tertiary institutions.

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Definition of the noun compound

What does compound mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: compounds

  1. a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
    • lexical domain: Cognitive Processes - nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents
    • more generic word: whole = all of something including all its component elements or parts
  2. (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
    • domain: chemical science / chemistry
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • synonym of compound: chemical compound
    • more generic terms: chemical / chemical substance = material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
    • more specific terms:
      • vanillin = a crystalline compound found in vanilla beans and some balsam resins
      • acceptor = in the formation of a coordinate bond it is the compound to which electrons are donated
      • adduct = a compound formed by an addition reaction
      • antiknock = any of various compounds that are added to gasoline to reduce engine knocking
      • acid = any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
      • arsenide = a compound of arsenic with a more positive element
      • hydrogen cyanide = a highly poisonous gas or volatile liquid that smells like bitter almonds; becomes a gas at around 90 degree Fahrenheit and is most dangerous when inhaled; the anhydride of hydrocyanic acid
      • anionic compound = a compound characterized by an active anion
      • alkali / base = any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water
      • binary compound = chemical compound composed of only two elements
      • taurine = a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals
      • chromogen = a compound that can be converted to a pigment
      • manganese tetroxide = an oxide of manganese found naturally as hausmannite
      • monomer = a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form polymers
      • ozonide = any of a class of unstable chemical compounds resulting from the addition of ozone to a double bond in an unsaturated compound
      • organic compound = any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
      • ammine = a complex inorganic compound that contains ammonia molecules
      • anhydride = a compound formed from one or more other compounds in a reaction resulting in removal of water
      • azide = a chemical compound containing the azido group combined with an element or radical
      • bitter principle = any one of several hundred compounds having a bitter taste
      • buffer = an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH
      • calcium-cyanamide / cyanamide = a compound used as a fertilizer and as a source of nitrogen compounds
      • carbonyl = a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide
      • carbon disulfide = a toxic colorless flammable liquid
      • cofactor = a substance (as a coenzyme) that must join with another to produce a given result
      • iron carbide / cementite = a chemical compound that is a constituent of steel and cast iron
      • nitrochloroform / chloropicrin = a heavy colorless insoluble liquid compound that causes tears and vomiting
      • coordination compound / complex = a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated
      • allomorph = any of several different crystalline forms of the same chemical compound
      • corrosive = a substance having the tendency to cause corrosion
      • aluminate = a compound of alumina and a metallic oxide
      • defoliant = a chemical that is sprayed on plants and causes their leaves to fall off
      • depilatory = a chemical (usually a sulfide) used to remove hair or wool or bristles from hides
      • derivative = a compound obtained from, or regarded as derived from, another compound
      • dimer = a compound whose molecules are composed of two identical monomers
      • fixing agent / fixer = a chemical compound that sets or fixes something
      • flavone = a colorless crystalline compound that is part of a number of white or yellow plant pigments
      • formulation / preparation = a substance prepared according to a formula
      • enantiomorph / enantiomer = either one of a pair of compounds (crystals or molecules) that are mirror images on each other but are not identical
      • exotherm = a compound that gives off heat during its formation and absorbs heat during its decomposition
      • goitrogen = any substance (such as thiouracil) that induces the formation of a goiter
      • benzofuran / coumarone / cumarone = a colorless oily compound extracted from coal tar and used in manufacturing synthetic resins
      • synthetic substance / synthetic = a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
      • hydrate = any compound that contains water of crystallization
      • hydroxide = a chemical compound containing the hydroxyl group
      • incense = a substance that produces a fragrant odor when burned
      • inorganic compound = any compound that does not contain carbon
      • repellant / repellent = a chemical substance that repels animals
      • repellant / repellent = a compound with which fabrics are treated to repel water
      • iodocompound = a compound containing the covalent iodine radical
      • isomer = a compound that exists in forms having different arrangements of atoms but the same molecular weight
      • hydrated oxide / hydroxide = a compound of an oxide with water
      • menthol = a crystalline compound that has the cool and minty taste and odor that occurs naturally in peppermint oil
      • nitrogen mustard = a toxic compound resembling mustard gas in structure
      • nitride = a compound containing nitrogen and a more electropositive element
      • oxide = any compound of oxygen with another element or a radical
      • polymer = a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
      • preservative = a chemical compound that is added to protect against decay or decomposition
      • benzoquinone / quinone = any of a class of aromatic yellow compounds including several that are biologically important as coenzymes or acceptors or vitamins
      • salt = a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal
      • caustic = any chemical substance that burns or destroys living tissue
      • nitrate = any compound containing the nitrate group
      • chloride = any compound containing a chlorine atom
      • heterocyclic compound / heterocyclic / heterocycle = a compound containing a heterocyclic ring
      • silicide = any of various compounds of silicon with a more electropositive element or radical
      • siloxane = any of a large class of compounds that have alternate silicon and oxygen atoms
      • solvate = a compound formed by solvation
      • sternutatory / sternutator = a chemical substance that causes sneezing and coughing and crying
      • stripper = a chemical compound used to remove paint or varnish
      • sulphide / sulfide = a compound of sulphur and some other element that is more electropositive
      • telluride = any binary compound of tellurium with other more electropositive elements
      • tenderiser / tenderizer = a substance (as the plant enzyme papain) applied to meat to make it tender
      • tetrachloride = any compound that contains four chlorine atoms per molecule
      • triazine = any of three isomeric compounds having three carbon and three nitrogen atoms in a six-membered ring
      • yellowcake / U308 = an impure mixture of uranium oxides obtained during the processing of uranium ore
      • enamel = a colored glassy compound (opaque or partially opaque) that is fused to the surface of metal or glass or pottery for decoration or protection
      • pregnanediol = a compound found in women's urine during certain phases of the menstrual cycle and in the urine of pregnant women
  3. an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient)
    • lexical domain: Artifacts - nouns denoting man-made objects
    • more generic word: enclosure = a structure consisting of an area that has been enclosed for some purpose

Alternative definition of the noun compound

noun

  1. an enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are confined
  2. a group of buildings situated close together, eg. for a school or block of offices
  3. Anything made by combining several things.
  4. [chemistry, dated] A substance made from any combination elements.
  5. [chemistry] A substance formed by chemical union of two or more ingredients in definite proportions by weight.
  6. [linguistics] A lexeme that consists of more than one stem; compound word; for example [term, laptop] formed from [term, lap] and [term, top].

Definition of the noun compound for high school students

    a combination of different parts
    • example: My attraction to Donna was a compound of curiosity about the unknown, physical desire, and intellectual admiration.
    a walled area containing a group of buildings
    • example: When the fighting started, Joseph rushed into the family compound because it was safe and well defended.

The noun compound is considered to be a word that all college-aspiring students should know and understand, so it frequently appears on the SAT, ACT and other college admissions tests.

Specialised definition of the noun compound

Glossary of sports / motorsports

a substance used to make racing tires, generally some blend of natural and synthetic rubbers with resin, carbon black, bonding agents, and other substances

Definition of the adjective compound

What does compound mean as an attribute of a noun?

adjective - degrees: more compound / compounder |

  1. composed of more than one part
  2. consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts
    • examples: soap is a compound substance | housetop is a compound word | a blackberry is a compound fruit
    • similar: complex
  3. composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony

Alternative definition of the adjective compound

adjective

  1. composed of elements; not simple
  2. [music] This changes the meaning of an interval so that it is an octave higher than originally (i.e. a compound major second is equivalent to a major ninth).

Definition of the verb compound

What does compound mean as a doing word?

verb - inflections: compounded | compounding | compounds

  1. make more intense, stronger, or more marked
  2. put or add together
    • syntax:
      Syntactic formulaExample for the syntactic formula
      [Agent - intentional control] [Verb] [Patient, plural]A new firm will integrate their ice cream production lines | Herman mixed the eggs
      [Agent - intentional control] [Verb] [Patient, plural] togetherHerman mixed the eggs and the cream together
      [Agent - intentional control] [Verb] [Patient 1] with / into / to [Patient 2]Herman mixed the eggs with the cream | Herman whipped sugar with the cream
      [Patient - concrete object, plural] [Verb]The eggs and the cream mixed
      [Patient - concrete object, plural] [Verb] [Adverb]Eggs mix well | The pieces interconnect easily | These computers connected well
      [Patient - concrete object, plural] [Verb] [Adverb] togetherEggs and cream mix well together
      [Patient - concrete object, plural] [Verb] togetherThe eggs and the cream mixed together
      [Patient 1 - concrete object] [Verb] [Adverb] with / into / to [Patient 2]Eggs mix well with cream | This computer will connect well to the network
      [Patient 1 - concrete object] [Verb] with / into / to [Patient 2]The eggs mixed with the cream

      Verbs of Combining (with the same syntax): amalgamate, blend, coalesce, combine, commingle, fuse, meld, merge, mingle, mix.

    • lexical domain: Change - verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.
    • synonym of compound: combine
    • more generic word: add = make an addition (to); join or combine or unite with others
    • more specific words:
  3. calculate principal and interest
  4. create by mixing or combining
  5. combine so as to form a whole; mix
    • example: compound the ingredients
    • syntax: the same syntax as for the sense 2
    • lexical domain: Contact - verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging
    • synonym of compound: combine
    • more generic words: amalgamate / commix / mingle / mix / unify = to bring or combine together or with something else
    • more specific words:
      • incorporate / integrate = make into a whole or make part of a whole
      • heterodyne = combine (a radio frequency wave) with a locally generated wave of a different frequency so as to produce a new frequency equal to the sum or the difference between the two
      • sulphurette / sulfurette = combine with sulfur
      • carburet = combine with carbon

Alternative definition of the verb compound

verb

  1. [intransitive] to come together
  2. [intransitive] to come to terms of agreement
  3. [transitive] to put together
  4. [transitive] to add to
  5. [transitive, legal] to settle by agreeing on less than the claim

Definition of the verb compound for high school students

    to combine parts
    • example: The difficulty of finding a fire escape amid the smoke was compounded with the dangers posed by the panicking crowds.

The verb compound is considered to be a word that all college-aspiring students should know and understand, so it frequently appears on the SAT, ACT and other college admissions tests.

Films

  1. "Compound" is a film, written and directed by Dale Stewart.
  2. "Compound" is a film.

Music

  1. "Compound" is a composition.
  2. "Compound" is a composition.

Business

Compound is a record label.

Miscellanea

  1. Compound: In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme that consists of more than one stem. Compounding or composition is the process of word formation that creates compound lexemes. That is, in familiar terms, compounding occurs when two or more words are joined together to make them one word. The meaning of the compound may be very different from the meanings of its components in isolation.
    • also known as 合成词
  2. Compound when applied to a human habitat refers to a cluster of buildings in an enclosure, having a shared or associated purpose, such as the houses of an extended family. The enclosure may be a wall, a fence, a hedge or some other structure, or it may be formed by the buildings themselves, when they are built around an open area or joined together.
    • also known as Компаунд
  3. Compound: In military science, a compound is a type of fortification made up of walls or fences surrounding several buildings in the center of a large piece of land. The walls can either serve the purpose of being tall, thick, and impenetrable, in which case they would be made of wood, stone, or some other like substance; or dangerous to attempt to scale, in which case they could be made of barbed wire or electrified. Compounds can be designed to double as living spaces and military structures in the middle of hostile territory or as a military area within a country's territory; they are also used by the extremely wealthy, powerful, paranoid or criminal to protect against threats to themselves or their property.
  4. Compound: A migrant worker compound is a key institution in a system such as that which regulated labour on mines in South Africa from the later nineteenth century. The tightly controlled closed compound which came to typify the phenomenon in that country originated on the diamond mines of Kimberley from about 1885 and was later replicated on the gold mines. This labour arrangement, regulating the flow of male workers from rural homes in Bantustans or Homelands to the mines and jobs in urban settings generally, became one of the major cogs in the apartheid state. The single-sex hostels that became flash points for unrest in the last years of apartheid were a later form of compound.
  5. Compound: A substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight.

Phrases with Compound

Phrases starting with the word Compound:

  1. compound eye
  2. Compound Coil
  3. compound leaf
  4. compound lens
  5. Compound Word
  6. compound lever
  7. Compound Attack
  8. compound number
  9. compound pistil
  10. Compound Symbol

Phrases ending with the word Compound:

  1. Azo compound
  2. Ansa Compound
  3. Cage Compound
  4. Open Compound
  5. Azoxy Compound
  6. Diazo Compound
  7. Spiro compound
  8. binary compound
  9. Catena Compound
  10. Closed Compound

View more phrases with the word Compound in thesaurus!

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Compound

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewMorphology in English (2011)

Word Formation in Cognitive Grammar by Zeki Hamawand

Adjective compounds An adjective compound is a structure that is composed of two or more free morphemes or lexical substructures. The compound structure is used to describe a new situation or change the modification of an entity.

Google previewThe London encyclopaedia, or, Universal dictionary of science, art, literature, and practical mechanics, by the orig. ed. of the Encyclopaedia metropolitana [T. Curtis]. (1839)

by Thomas Curtis (of Grove house sch, Islington)

COMPOUND. ACTIONS. OF. THE. PRINCIPAL. MUSCLES. OF. THE. HUMAN. BODY. THE HEAD IS MOVED THE NECK IS MOVED THE TRUNK IS MOVED THE SCAPULA IS MOVED Extensor digiti auricu- laris. THE THUMB. Sternad by ...

Google previewPersonal Finance: An Encyclopedia of Modern Money Management (2015)

An Encyclopedia of Modern Money Management by Barbara Friedberg

Compound interest is created when interest that is added to the principal of a deposit or loan also earns interest. Over a period of time, compounding can greatly magnify the amount of debt owed or savings accumulated. An understanding of ...

Google previewThe British encyclopedia, or, Dictionary of arts and sciences (1809)

by William Nicholson

powder of asarabacca compound. Pulvis cretoe compositus, Lond. pulvis carbonatis calcis comp.

Google previewUnderstanding the lexicon (1988)

meaning, sense and world knowledge in lexical semantics by Werner Hüllen, Rainer Schulze

the compound is a hyp-onym of the grammatical head-. a beehive is a kind of hive. an armchair is a kind of chair. This type...

is termed an endocentric compound.

Google previewA Dictionary of Dentistry (2010)

by Robert Ireland

A colourless watersoluble compound active in the form of thiamin pyrophosphate. It is a *coenzyme which plays an important role in helping the body convert carbohydrates and fat into energy. It is present in cereals, beans, ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Compound

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Photos about Compound

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compound

View more pictures about compound eye, Royal Compound, and Compound interest.

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Small photo of pharmaceutical nutraceutical formulation compound capsules powder packagingSmall photo of pharmaceutical nutraceutical formulation compound capsules powder packagingSmall photo of pharmaceutical nutraceutical formulation compound capsules powder packagingSmall photo of pharmaceutical nutraceutical formulation compound capsules powder packagingSmall photo of pharmaceutical nutraceutical formulation compound capsules powder packagingSmall photo of pharmaceutical nutraceutical formulation compound capsules powder packagingSmall photo of pharmaceutical nutraceutical formulation compound capsules powder packaging More...

Video language resources about Compound

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View more videos about Compound verb, Compound Word, Spiro compound, Binary compound, Chelate Compound, Organic compound, Chemical Compound, Compound interest, compound sentence, Hyphenated Compound, Organometallic Compound, Non-stoichiometric compound, and Quaternary Ammonium Compound.

See also the pronunciation examples of Compound!

Quotes about Compound

We compound our suffering by victimizing each other. (Athol Fugard)
more quotes about compound...

Scrabble value of C3O1M3P3O1U1N1D2

The value of this 8-letter word is 15 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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