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Dysplasia

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Definition of the noun dysplasia

What does dysplasia mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: dysplasias

  1. abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
    • lexical domain: States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs
    • more generic words: abnormalcy / abnormality = an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
    • more specific terms:
      • aplasia = failure of some tissue or organ to develop
      • fibrous dysplasia of bone = a disturbance in which bone that is undergoing lysis is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue resulting in bone lesions or skin lesions
      • hypertrophy = abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ
      • hyperplasia = abnormal increase in number of cells
      • hypoplasia = underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
      • anaplasia = loss of structural differentiation within a cell or group of cells often with increased capacity for multiplication, as in a malignant tumor

Specialised definition of the noun dysplasia

Glossary of sports

an unusual development of tissue (2006. Dictionary of Sport and Exercise Science. A&C Black Publishers Ltd)

Explanation

Dysplasia: A usually neoplastic transformation of the cell, associated with altered architectural tissue patterns. The cellular changes include nuclear and cytoplasmic abnormalities. Molecular genetic abnormalities are also often found and, in some instances, may lead to cancer.

Phrases with Dysplasia

  1. fibrous dysplasia of bone
  2. Fibrous Dysplasia
  3. Epithelial dysplasia
  4. Faciodigitogenital Dysplasia
  5. monostotic fibrous dysplasia
  6. polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

Printed books with definitions for Dysplasia

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Google previewTextbook of Diagnostic Sonography (2017)

by Sandra L. Hagen-Ansert

Key Pearls • Skeletal dysplasia is the term used to describe abnormal growth and density of cartilage and bone.

Diastrophic dysplasia is a rare disorder characterized by micromelia, talipes, cleft palate, micrognathia, scoliosis, short stature, ...

Google previewDiagnostic Imaging of Musculoskeletal Diseases (2010)

A Systematic Approach by Akbar Bonakdarpour, William R. Reinus, Jasvir S. Khurana

Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia refers to changes in multiple epiphyses. • Metaphyseal dysplasia denotes changes primarily are in metaphyses. • Progressive diaphyseal dysplasia will be easier to remember than Camurati– Engelmann disease.

Google previewRadiology Illustrated: Pediatric Radiology (2014)

by In-One Kim

Kniest Dysplasia Kniest dysplasia is a rare, severe form of chondrodysplasia characterized by dwarfism, progressive joint stiffness and contractures, retinal detachment...

Kniest dysplasia is an autosomal dominant disorder. The dysplasia is the result of mutations of COL2A1, which leads to defective type II collagen.

Google previewHelicobacter pylori Infection (2012)

Pathophysiology, Epidemiology and Management by T.C. Northfield, M. Mendall, P.M. Goggin

Contrasting with intestinal metaplasia dysplasia is a recognized step in the development of diffuse carcinoma”.

Isolated high-grade dysplasia is a relatively rare lesion, the majority are associated with a pre-existing cancer or seen alongside metaplastic changes.

Thus at both sites, the stomach and the colon, flat dysplasia is the sequela of longstanding chronic inflammation due to Helicobacter pylori ...

Google previewPediatric Nephrology (2009)

by Ellis D. Avner, William E. Harmon, Patrick Niaudet, Norishige Yoshikawa

Dysplasia and Polycystic Kidney Renal dysplasia is the most common congenital urinary tract anomaly and the most common cause of an abdominal mass in...

Dysplasia refers to abnormal differentiation or organization of cells in the tissue.

Google previewWongs Essentials of Pediatric Nursing (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a chronic lung disorder that is most common among children who were born prematurely, with low birthweights and who received prolonged mechanical ventilation to treat respiratory distress syndrome.

Google previewDiagnostic Histopathology of Tumors (2013)

by Christopher D. M. Fletcher

Fibrocartilagenous dysplasia refers to tumors containing islands of benign cartilage within an otherwise typical fibrous...

Osteofibrous dysplasia is a benign lesion that almost always involves the cortical bone of the anterior shaft of the tibia.

Google previewRadiological Imaging of the Neonatal Chest (2013)

Dyssegmental Dysplasia Dyssegmental dysplasia is a lethal skeletal dysplasia with short limbs and trunk and a...

The radiographic hallmark of dyssegmental dysplasia is the presence of differences in size and shape of the vertebral ...

Google previewPediatric Bone (2012)

Biology & Diseases by Francis H. Glorieux, John M. Pettifor, Harald Jüppner

Blomstrand dysplasia is a very severe disorder being lethal during pregnancy or in the neonatal period [2].

Blomstrand dysplasia is an autosomal recessive condition due to loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding parathyroid ...

Google previewBraunwald's Heart Disease (2011)

A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine by Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann, Douglas P. Zipes, Peter Libby

Fibromuscular dysplasia is a disease of medium and large arteries. It typically affects the renal and carotid arteries. It may affect the arteries supplying the leg, particularly the iliac arteries and less so the femoral, popliteal, tibial, and peroneal ...

Google previewOrthopaedic Pathology (2008)

by Vincent J. Vigorita

First described by Albright in 1937 in a child with precocious puberty and café-au -lait spots, fibrous dysplasia is a frequently observed developmental abnormality of the skeleton, which has several well-described clinical pathologic variants.

Google previewAtlas of Renal Pathology (2012)

by R.A. Risdon, D.R. Turner

Renal dysplasia is a form of hypoplasia in which evidence of metanephric maldifferentiation is apparent on histology.

An important diagnostic feature of renal dysplasia is the frequent association with other Congenital anomalies of the ureter ...

Google previewOral Pathology (2012)

Clinical Pathologic Correlations by Joseph A. Regezi, James J. Sciubba, Richard C. K. Jordan

Monostotic fibrous dysplasia is the designation used to describe the process in one bone. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia applies to cases in which more than one bone is involved. McCuneAlbright syndrome consists of polyostotic fibrous ...

Google previewJubb, Kennedy & Palmer's Pathology of Domestic Animals - E-Book: (2015)

by Grant Maxie

Hip dysplasia Hip dysplasia is the most common skeletal disease of large- and giant-breed dogs, but may occur in all...

A consistent observation in cats with hip dysplasia is an abnormally shallow acetabulum, rather than subluxation of the ...

Google previewDiagnosis and Therapy of Spinal Tumors (2013)

by Paul R. Algra, Jaap Valk, Jan J. Heimans

Fibrous dysplasia is a developmental disorder in which abnormal fibrous tissue and abnormal bone trabeculae and woven bone are found instead of normal bone. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with pain, deformity, neurologic ...

Google previewHepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery (2009)

Companion to Specialist Surgical Practice by O. James Garden

Liver cell dysplasia is a common finding in NRH and there are a small number of case reports of hepatocellular carcinoma developing in livers with NRH, leading some authors to suggest that NRH may represent a premalignant condition in ...

Google previewNeoplastic Hematopathology (2012)

An Atlas and Concise Guide by Cherie H. Dunphy, MD

Importantly, trilineage morphologic dysplasia is a hallmark of MDS-F and should be absent in PMF (Figure 2.11A–C). Finally, JAK2 mutations are rare in all types of MDS, including MDS-F (<5% of patients) [98]. Distinguishing cytogenetic ...

Google previewKey Topics in General Surgery (2002)

by N. R. F. Lagattolla, C. R. Lattimer, N. M. Wilson

Fibromuscular dysplasia is a rare cause that occurs predominantly in young women. Medial hyperplasia is the underlying pathology that occurs in a segmental fashion. This is observed radiologically by a beaded appearance of the vessels.

Google previewSmall Animal Internal Medicine for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses (2012)

by Linda Merrill

Hip dysplasia is the result of a shallow acetabulum that results in significant coxofemoral joint laxity and flattening of the femoral head, and is most often attributed to developmental, environmental, and hereditary causes. The occurrence of ...

Google previewInsall & Scott Surgery of the Knee (2011)

by W. Norman Scott

Fibrous dysplasia is a lytic lesion that typically has a “ground glass” internal matrix, secondary to woven, mineralized bone spicules, the degree of which determines the density of the matrix. Lesions can range from nearly completely lucent to ...

Google previewPulmonary Pathology (2008)

A Volume in Foundations in Diagnostic Pathology Series by Dani S. Zander, Carol F. Farver

Congenital alveolar dysplasia refers to a poorly characterized disorder with arrest in lung development at ...

Google previewHistopathology Reporting (2013)

Guidelines for Surgical Cancer by Derek C Allen

A rectosigmoid biopsy positive for mucosal dysplasia is a good indicator of the presence of carcinoma somewhere in the colorectum. Carcinomas may be multiple, right-sided and in up to one-third of cases difficult to define on endoscopic and ...

Google previewIssues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition (2012)

“Hip dysplasia is an important and complex genetic disease in dogs with both genetic and environmental influences. Since the osteoarthritis that develops is irreversible the only way to improve welfare, through reducing the prevalence, ...

Google previewObstetric Ultrasound, An Issue of Ultrasound Clinics, (2013)

by Eva K. Pressman

term skeletal dysplasia is a broad term describing a diverse group of hundreds of recognized disorders. Not all skeletal dysplasias are lethal, and many disorders have normal cognition. The high rate of perinatal death and significant ...

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Small photo of X-ray hip dysplasia dogSmall photo of Hip dysplasia model of the dog showing by doctorSmall photo of Friendly Attractive Woman Doctor in Glasses Hands Massaging Cute Baby Foot Gently. Exercises with Child for prevention of hip dysplasiaSmall photo of Exercises with child for prevention of hip dysplasiaSmall photo of Doctor and little boy patient. Ultrasound equipment. Diagnostics. Sonography. Hip dysplasiaSmall photo of Doctor and little boy patient. Ultrasound equipment. Diagnostics. Sonography. Hip dysplasiaSmall photo of Fat labrador retriever 12 years old, stand on white background and have Cancer at belly her and Hip dysplasia, soft focus. More...

Video language resources about Dysplasia

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Scrabble value of D2Y4S1P3L1A1S1I1A1

The value of this 9-letter word is 15 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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