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Definition of the noun fitness

What does fitness mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: fitnesses

  1. the quality of being suitable
    • example: they had to prove their fitness for the position
    • lexical domain: Attributes - nouns denoting attributes of people and objects
    • synonym of fitness: fittingness
    • antonym of fitness: unfitness
    • more generic words: suitability / suitableness = the quality of having the properties that are right for a specific purpose
    • more specific words:
  2. good physical condition; being in shape or in condition
    • lexical domain: States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs
    • synonym of fitness: physical fitness
    • antonym of fitness: unfitness
    • more generic words: condition / shape = the state of (good) health
    • more specific word: fettle = a state of fitness and good health
  3. the quality of being qualified
    • lexical domain: Attributes - nouns denoting attributes of people and objects
    • more generic words: competence / competency = the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually

Alternative definition of the noun fitness


  1. The condition of being fit, suitable or appropriate
  2. the cultivation of an attractive and healthy physique
  3. the ability to perform a function

Specialised definition of the noun fitness

Glossary of sports

one capacity to perform work (exercise) of a specific intensity and duration; may be aerobic, anaerobic, or muscular (Mark H. Anshel. 1991. Dictionary of the Sport and Exercise Sciences. Human Kinetics Books Champaign, Illinois)

the fact of being strong and healthy (2006. Dictionary of Sport and Exercise Science. A&C Black Publishers Ltd)

the good physical state of an individual achieved by means of sport training. Fitness has physical, mental, social, and psychological interacting components. In a narrower sense fitness is often understood as "physical fitness". Physical fitness is predominantly based on favourable anthropometric prerequisites (e.g. physical dimensions of the body, skinfold thickness, etc.), good perceptive abilities (visual, auditive, tactile, kinaesthetic), conditional characteristics (strength, speed, endurance, flexibility), coordinative motor characteristics (balance, ability for motor combination, agility, recreation ability) and body experience. Among the numerous models of physical fitness the one developed by E. Fleishman in 1964 is used widely; it defines that physical fitness is characterized by the following factors: static and dynamic flexibility, explosive strength, static strength, trunk strength, total body coordination, balance, and endurance. Sometimes a differentiation is made between physical (as a general foundation) and motor fitness (as the ability to utilize these foundations to produce movement). Furthermore, physical fitness is frequently equated with terms like: health, well-being, balance, etc. Therefore, the following are regarded as objectives of the strive for fitness: prevention of diseases, slowing down the process of ageing, improving professional performance, optimizing the motor system, producing a feeling of well-being, self-realization, and maintaining contact with the environment. Physical fitness viewed under this perspective represents a very complex personality trait, which also explains the emergence (since the 1950s) of the fitness movement (trimm campaign). Among other developments, this movement resulted in the construction of numerous forest, trimm and fitness trails, a large supply of programs for home training, the organization of fitness runs and walks, the development of aerobics, and the emergence of commercial fitness studios (fitness centers). In connection with efforts towards providing a sensible control of the fitness movement, several fitness tests have been developed (e.g. Cooper-test), by means of which the fitness state can be tested objectively; a specific adequate fitness training program can be followed based on results from such fitness tests. (Herbert Haag & Gerald Haag. 2003. Dictionary. Sport, Physical Education, Sport Science. Kiel, Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaften)


  1. Fitness is a musical genre.
  2. Fitness is a central idea in evolutionary theory. It can be defined either with respect to a genotype or to a phenotype in a given environment. In either case, it describes the ability to both survive and reproduce, and is equal to the average contribution to the gene pool of the next generation that is made by an average individual of the specified genotype or phenotype. The term "Darwinian fitness" is often used to make clear the distinction with physical fitness. If differences between alleles of a given gene affect Darwinian fitness, then the frequencies of the alleles will change across generations; the alleles with higher fitness become more common. This process is called natural selection.
    • also known as 適應度
  3. "Fitness" is a musical album of Miss Polski.
    • released in (5 years ago)


"Fitness" is a book by Bonnie B Graves.


"Fitness" is an artwork by Bill Hammond.


Fitness is a United States-based women's magazine, focusing on health, exercise, and nutrition. It is owned and published by the Meredith Corporation and is published ten times per year. The editor-in-chief of Fitness is Betty Wong.

Phrases with Fitness

Phrases starting with the word Fitness:

  1. Fitness Model
  2. Fitness center

Phrases ending with the word Fitness:

  1. Pole Fitness
  2. physical fitness

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Fitness

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewThe Structure of Biological Science (1985)

by Alexander Rosenberg

fitness is a disposition in this sense is not at issue between the view that it is a primitive term and the view that it can be defined in the theory. What is at issue is whether more can be said within the theory, besides the assertion that it is a ...

Google previewPhysical Activity and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention (2010)

by Peter Kokkinos

Aerobic fitness refers to the degree or ability to provide most ofthe required energy for a specific ...

Google previewThe Autonomous Animal (2011)

Self-Governance and the Modern Subject by Claire Elaine Rasmussen

Rather, fitness is a highly individualized practice of evaluating the self, establishing personal goals, and constantly adjusting them according to new information or new goals. Glassner explains that the fit self is “not merely a well- oiled machine ...

Google previewThe Evolution of Life (2015)

by Graham Bell

Fitness is a rate of proliferation, or reproduction. It is a property of any defined category of...

Google previewReligion and Science (2012)

History, Method, Dialogue by W. Mark Richardson, Wesley J. Wildman

Fitness is a measure of the organism«s success in bearing and rearing offspring. The issue is usually how successful an...

Google previewInstrumental Biology, Or The Disunity of Science (1994)

by Alexander Rosenberg

As John Beatty and Susan Finsen have pointed out, the proliferation of probabilistic propensities cited to define fitness means that there will be no single probabilistic propensity, but ...

Google previewRun Your First Marathon (2010)

Everything You Need to Know to Reach the Finish Line by Grete Waitz, Gloria Averbuch

Technically, fitness is a combination of endurance, strength, and flexibility. It is also a lifestyle, comprised of healthy habits.

Google previewThe Black-Tailed Prairie Dog (1995)

Social Life of a Burrowing Mammal by John L. Hoogland

Direct fitness is an estimate of reproductive success based on the number of one's ...

Google previewDarwinian Archaeologies (1996)

by Herbert D.G. Maschner

As generally understood, inclusive fitness is a genotype's expected contribution to the next generation both through its...

Google previewArtificial Intelligence in Wireless Communications (2009)

by Thomas Warren Rondeau, Charles W. Bostian

the returned fitness is the objective itself. When the objective should be minimized (e.g., BER, power), the returned fitness is the inverse of the objective.

Google previewEvolution Of Life Histories (1992)

Theory and Analysis by Derek A. Roff

Fitness is a function of both traits; for simplicity let this be a linear relationship such as r = c1v1 - c.2v2. On the...

Google previewIntelligent Systems in Oil Field Development Under Uncertainty (2009)

by Marco A. C. Pacheco, Marley M. B. R. Vellasco

Raw Fitness Raw Fitness is an absolute measure related to the objective function of the problem.

Standardized Fitness Standardized Fitness is a measure that favors individuals that obtain it with a lowest possible value. In error minimization ...

Google previewThe Sociobiological Imagination (1991)

by Mary Maxwell

Fitness is a measure of one's ability, relative to other members of the same species, to survive and leave progeny.

In the sense mentioned above, in which fitness is an actual measure of survival, the phrase survival of the fittest" is rather ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Ethology (1989)

by Klaus Immelmann

FITNESS system. The movement can thus be included in a variety of reflexes and actions. A dog may wag its tail in response to an insect bite or as an expression of excitement or to avoid having it stepped on. In each case the different ...

Google previewInternational Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors, Second Edition - 3 Volume Set (2006)

by Waldemar Karwowski

Fitness. for. Work. A. Y. Burov. Centre of Ergonomics and Safety, ELAN Ltd, Kyiv, Ukraine B. J. Daams Delft University of Technology, Department of Industrial. 1 INTRODUCTION The analysis of accidents in power plants shows that one of the ...

Google previewHistorical Dictionary of Cycling (2011)

by Bill Mallon, Jeroen Heijmans

FITNESS CYCLING. Many people use cycling as a means of achieving and maintaining fitness.

Google previewThe London encyclopaedia, or, Universal dictionary of science, art, literature, and practical mechanics, by the orig. ed. of the Encyclopaedia metropolitana [T. Curtis].

by Thomas Curtis (of Grove house sch, Islington)

Some ingenious naturalists have attended only to the appearances of fitness, ...

Google previewThe Dictionary of Psychology (1999)

by Mike Cardwell

The term direct fitness describes the reproductive gain from an animal's own offspring, and indirect fitness the reproductive gain from non-descendant genetic relatives. Together they make up the animal's inclusive fitness. Kin selection ...

Google previewInternational Encyclopedia of Hospitality Management 2nd Edition (2012)

by Abraham Pizam

Member-focused fitness programs can include active sports programs, recreational activities, food and beverage, and educational In addition, general member health ranging from weight components. concentrating on management, stress ...

Google previewInternational Encyclopedia of Hospitality Management (2010)

by Abraham Pizam

Club fitness programs 71 hand. Member-focused fitness programs can include active sports programs, recreational activities, food and beverage, and educational components. In addition, concentrating on general member health ranging from ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Women and Gender (2001)

Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender

Fitness. General principles of evolution are relatively simple and involve the ideas that individuals vary, some variations are more favorable for survival and re - production than others, and some of this variation is genetically based and ...

Google previewWiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution, 2 Volume Set (2011)

by Bernard Wood

it is the relative difference between the fitness of ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Fitness

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Photos about Fitness

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Small photo of young fit woman doing sport spinning in the gym with her fitness trainerSmall photo of one caucasian couple man woman personal trainer coach exercising fitness ball silhouette studio isolated on white backgroundSmall photo of beautiful fitness woman, studio shotSmall photo of Fitness woman doing crossfit exercising with kettle bell. Beautiful fitness instructor on grey background. Female model with muscular fit and slim body.Small photo of Fitness equipmentSmall photo of fitness, sport, training and lifestyle concept - group of women with dumbbells in gymSmall photo of fitness, sport, training, gym and lifestyle concept - woman with personal trainer doing sit ups in gym More...

Video language resources about Fitness

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Quotes about Fitness

I have always maintained a high level of fitness, and that is why I am still able to handle the demands of playing in the Premiership. People have always commented on my fitness, and it's something I pride myself on. (Richard Gough)
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Scrabble value of F4I1T1N1E1S1S1

The value of this 7-letter word is 10 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of FITNESS

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