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Definition of the noun fitness

What does fitness mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: fitnesses

  1. the quality of being suitable
    • example: they had to prove their fitness for the position
    • lexical domain: Attributes - nouns denoting attributes of people and objects
    • synonym of fitness: fittingness
    • antonym of fitness: unfitness
    • more generic words: suitability / suitableness = the quality of having the properties that are right for a specific purpose
    • more specific words:
  2. good physical condition; being in shape or in condition
    • lexical domain: States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs
    • synonym of fitness: physical fitness
    • antonym of fitness: unfitness
    • more generic words: condition / shape = the state of (good) health
    • more specific word: fettle = a state of fitness and good health
  3. the quality of being qualified
    • lexical domain: Attributes - nouns denoting attributes of people and objects
    • more generic words: competence / competency = the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually

Alternative definition of the noun fitness


  1. The condition of being fit, suitable or appropriate
  2. the cultivation of an attractive and healthy physique
  3. the ability to perform a function

Specialised definition of the noun fitness

Glossary of sports

one capacity to perform work (exercise) of a specific intensity and duration; may be aerobic, anaerobic, or muscular (Mark H. Anshel. 1991. Dictionary of the Sport and Exercise Sciences. Human Kinetics Books Champaign, Illinois)

the fact of being strong and healthy (2006. Dictionary of Sport and Exercise Science. A&C Black Publishers Ltd)

the good physical state of an individual achieved by means of sport training. Fitness has physical, mental, social, and psychological interacting components. In a narrower sense fitness is often understood as "physical fitness". Physical fitness is predominantly based on favourable anthropometric prerequisites (e.g. physical dimensions of the body, skinfold thickness, etc.), good perceptive abilities (visual, auditive, tactile, kinaesthetic), conditional characteristics (strength, speed, endurance, flexibility), coordinative motor characteristics (balance, ability for motor combination, agility, recreation ability) and body experience. Among the numerous models of physical fitness the one developed by E. Fleishman in 1964 is used widely; it defines that physical fitness is characterized by the following factors: static and dynamic flexibility, explosive strength, static strength, trunk strength, total body coordination, balance, and endurance. Sometimes a differentiation is made between physical (as a general foundation) and motor fitness (as the ability to utilize these foundations to produce movement). Furthermore, physical fitness is frequently equated with terms like: health, well-being, balance, etc. Therefore, the following are regarded as objectives of the strive for fitness: prevention of diseases, slowing down the process of ageing, improving professional performance, optimizing the motor system, producing a feeling of well-being, self-realization, and maintaining contact with the environment. Physical fitness viewed under this perspective represents a very complex personality trait, which also explains the emergence (since the 1950s) of the fitness movement (trimm campaign). Among other developments, this movement resulted in the construction of numerous forest, trimm and fitness trails, a large supply of programs for home training, the organization of fitness runs and walks, the development of aerobics, and the emergence of commercial fitness studios (fitness centers). In connection with efforts towards providing a sensible control of the fitness movement, several fitness tests have been developed (e.g. Cooper-test), by means of which the fitness state can be tested objectively; a specific adequate fitness training program can be followed based on results from such fitness tests. (Herbert Haag & Gerald Haag. 2003. Dictionary. Sport, Physical Education, Sport Science. Kiel, Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaften)


  1. Fitness is a musical genre.
  2. Fitness is a central idea in evolutionary theory. It can be defined either with respect to a genotype or to a phenotype in a given environment. In either case, it describes the ability to both survive and reproduce, and is equal to the average contribution to the gene pool of the next generation that is made by an average individual of the specified genotype or phenotype. The term "Darwinian fitness" is often used to make clear the distinction with physical fitness. If differences between alleles of a given gene affect Darwinian fitness, then the frequencies of the alleles will change across generations; the alleles with higher fitness become more common. This process is called natural selection.
    • also known as 適應度
  3. "Fitness" is a musical album of Miss Polski.
    • released in (5 years ago)


"Fitness" is a book by Bonnie B Graves.


Fitness is a United States-based women's magazine, focusing on health, exercise, and nutrition. It is owned and published by the Meredith Corporation and is published ten times per year. The editor-in-chief of Fitness is Betty Wong.

Phrases with Fitness

Phrases starting with the word Fitness:

  1. Fitness Model
  2. Fitness center

Phrases ending with the word Fitness:

  1. Pole Fitness
  2. physical fitness

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Fitness

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewIntelligent Systems in Oil Field Development Under Uncertainty (2009)

by Marco A. C. Pacheco, Marley M. B. R. Vellasco

Raw Fitness Raw Fitness is an absolute measure related to the objective function of the problem.

Standardized Fitness Standardized Fitness is a measure that favors individuals that obtain it with a lowest possible value.

Google previewThe Structure of Biological Science (1985)

by Alexander Rosenberg

fitness is a disposition in this sense is not at issue between the view that it is a primitive term and the view that it can be defined in the theory. What is at issue is whether more can be said within the theory, besides the assertion that it is a ...

Google previewEcology of Weeds and Invasive Plants (2007)

Relationship to Agriculture and Natural Resource Management by Steven R. Radosevich, Jodie S. Holt, Claudio M. Ghersa

Fitness is a single value of relative evolutionary success that combines both survival and reproduction and refers to the relative...

Fitness is an important factor determining the ecological success of many, if not most, weed and invasive plants.

Google previewInternational Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors, Second Edition - 3 Volume Set (2006)

by Waldemar Karwowski

Fitness. for. Work. A. Y. Burov. Centre of Ergonomics and Safety, ELAN Ltd, Kyiv, Ukraine B. J. Daams Delft University of Technology, Department of Industrial. 1 INTRODUCTION The analysis of accidents in power plants shows that one of the ...

Google previewThe Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: An IOC Medical Commission Publication, The Olympic Textbook of Medicine in Sport (2009)

by Martin P. Schwellnus

These include components of strength, power, speed, agility, endurance, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, and body composition .

Google previewA dictionary of daily blunders, by the author of 'A handy book of synonyms'. [With] A handy book of common English synonyms [and] A handy classical dictionary. [3 pt. Issued together in a publisher's casing with the general title Handbook for writers and readers]. (1880)

by Thomas Preston (lexicographer.)

Qualification, capacity, fitness, capability. Qualify, v. fit, competent, adapt, suit, abate, modify, soften. Quality, property, attribute, peculiarity, rank, fashion, distinction, character, station. Quantity, amount, sum, deal, portion, part, division, share.

Google previewShakespeare Lexicon and Quotation Dictionary (1971)

by Alexander Schmidt, Gregor Sarrazin

Fitness: nnfitness. Fix: confixed; ever-fixed; ...

Google previewDictionary of the English Language: Abridged from the American Dictionary, for the Use of Primary Schools and the Counting House (1845)

by Noah Webster

speaking with fitness ...

Google previewA Dictionary, Hindustani & English: accompanied by a reversed dictionary, English and Hindustani (1866)

By Duncan Forbes by Duncan Forbes

rectitude, Pmpriety, fitness. s. ultras yazliésthit, circumstantially. s. [sible. r. angel-gig, Witt-$5 yatIuZ-sakti, as far as pos41~'.e:;_ Wyuthci-sukh, ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Fitness

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Photos about Fitness

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Small photo of one caucasian couple man woman personal trainer coach exercising fitness ball silhouette studio isolated on white backgroundSmall photo of Fitness. Fitness instructor in the gym. Holding dumbbells.Small photo of FitnessSmall photo of Interior of a fitness hall with fitness equipmentSmall photo of beautiful fitness female posing on studio backgroundSmall photo of beautiful fitness woman, studio shotSmall photo of fitness, sport, training, gym and lifestyle concept - group of women working out with steppers in gym More...

Video language resources about Fitness

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Quotes about Fitness

I have always maintained a high level of fitness, and that is why I am still able to handle the demands of playing in the Premiership. People have always commented on my fitness, and it's something I pride myself on. (Richard Gough)
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Scrabble value of F4I1T1N1E1S1S1

The value of this 7-letter word is 10 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of FITNESS

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