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The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun gum:


The word gum is considered to be an easy one, according to the Dale-Chall word list, which includes 3000 words that all fourth-grade American students should know and understand.

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Definition of the noun gum

What does gum mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: gums

  1. a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing
    • lexical domain: Foods & Drinks - nouns denoting foods and drinks
    • synonym of gum: chewing gum
    • more generic words: confection / sweet = a food rich in sugar
    • more specific terms:
      • gum ball = a ball of chewing gum with a coating of colored sugar
      • bubble gum = a kind of chewing gum that can be blown into bubbles
    • substance: chicle gum / chicle = gum-like substance from the sapodilla
  2. the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth
  3. any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying
  4. cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • synonyms of gum: glue / mucilage
    • more generic word: cement = something that hardens to act as adhesive material
    • more specific terms:
      • animal glue = a protein gelatin obtained by boiling e.g. skins and hoofs of cattle and horses
      • casein glue = made from casein
      • fish glue = gelatinous substance obtained by boiling skins fins and bones of fish
      • marine glue = glue that is not water soluble
  5. wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum
    • lexical domain: Plants - nouns denoting plants
    • synonym of gum: gumwood
    • more generic word: wood = the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
    • more specific terms: satin walnut / hazelwood / sweet gum / red gum = reddish-brown wood and lumber from heartwood of the sweet gum tree used to make furniture
    • substance of: gum tree = any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum
  6. any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum
    • lexical domain: Plants - nouns denoting plants
    • synonym of gum: gum tree
    • more generic word: tree = a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown
    • more specific terms:
    • substance: gumwood = wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum

Alternative definition of the noun gum


  1. [often, in plural] The flesh round the teeth.
  2. [uncountable] Any of various viscous or sticky substances that are exuded by certain plants.
  3. [uncountable] Any viscous or sticky substance resembling those that are exuded by certain plants.
  4. [uncountable] Chewing gum.
  5. [countable] A single piece of chewing gum.

Definition of the verb gum

What does gum mean as a doing word?

verb - inflections: gummed, gumming

  1. cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum
    • example: if you gum the tape it is stronger
    • lexical domain: Contact - verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging
    • more generic terms: apply / put on = apply to a surface
  2. grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty
  3. become sticky
    • lexical domain: Change - verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.
    • more generic word: change = undergo a change; become different in essence
  4. exude or form gum
    • example: these trees gum in the Spring
    • lexical domain: Body Actions - verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care
    • more generic terms: exudate / exude / ooze / ooze out / transude = release (a liquid) in drops or small quantities

Alternative definition of the verb gum


  1. To chew, especially of a toothless person or animal.
  2. To apply an adhesive or gum to.
  3. [colloquial, with [term, up]] To impair the functioning of a thing or process.


  1. Gum a.k.a. Guam is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean. It is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government. Guam is listed as one of seventeen Non-Self-Governing Territories by the Special Committee on Decolonization of the United Nations. The island's capital is Hagåtña. Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands.
  2. GUM is the name of the main department store in many cities of the former Soviet Union, known as State Department Store during the Soviet times. Similarly named stores were found in some Soviet republics and post-Soviet states. The most famous GUM is the large store in the Kitai-gorod part of Moscow facing Red Square.
    • also known as State Universal Store, Moscow
    • part of Moscow
  3. Gum a.k.a. Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport, also known as Guam International Airport, is an airport located in Tamuning and Barrigada, three miles east of the capital city of Hagåtña in the United States territory of Guam. It is named after Antonio Borja Won Pat, the first delegate from Guam to the United States House of Representatives, and is operated by the A.B. Won Pat International Airport Authority, Guam, an agency of the Government of Guam.
  4. Gum a.k.a. Naval Air Station Agana is a former United States Naval air station located on the island of Guam. It was opened by the Japanese Navy in 1943 and closed by the United States government in 1995. During and after its closure, it was operated alongside Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport.

There are other places with in their name, like Gum-Gum, Gum Creek, Gum Stump, Gum Branch, Gum Spring and Gum Springs.


Who is Gum?

Gum is a football player, athlete.

  • also known as Wellington Pereira Rodrigues, Guerreiro Tricolor, ShoGum, OGum
  • born on (30 years ago) in Lins
  • nationality: Brazil
  • profession: Soccer player


Gum is a musical group.


GUM is a record label.


Gum is a fictional character from Ballet Shoes.

  • also known as Great-Uncle Matthew Brown


  1. "Gum" is a musical EP of Cornelius.
    • released in (9 years ago)
  2. "Gum" is a musical single of Hale-Bopp.
    • released in (14 years ago)


  1. "Gum" is a 2012 short animation comedy film directed by Noam Sussman.
  2. "Gum" is a short film, directed by Vic Coram.
  3. "Gum" is a short film, directed by Francis Charbonneau.
    • genres: Comedy, Action Film, Horror, Fantasy film, Adventure Film, Animation
    • released in


  1. Gum is a sap or other resinous material associated with certain species of the plant kingdom. This material is often polysaccharide-based and most frequently is associated with woody plants, particularly under the bark or as a seed coating. The polysaccharide material is typically of high molecular weight and most often highly hydrophilic or hydrocolloidal.
  2. Gum is a lunar crater that is located near the southeastern limb of the Moon, and is viewed nearly from the side from Earth. It lies along the western edge of the irregular Mare Australe, to the northeast of the crater Hamilton. To the north-northwest is the larger Abel, and to the east-southeast on the far side of the Moon is Jenner.
    • also known as گام
  3. GUM is a website.
    • also known as Airport Code GUM, GUM Airport Code, Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport, Guam Airport Code
    • official website:
  4. Gum a.k.a. Guambiano Language is an human language.
    • also known as Moguex, Guambia

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Gum

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewFiber Ingredients (2009)

Food Applications and Health Benefits by Susan Sungsoo Cho, Priscilla Samuel

Gum arabic is a high-quality adhesive that is still being used on the backs of postage stamps, and tragacanth gum is the glue used for cigar wrappers. In addition, gums have been used for many years as emulsifiers and as film-coating agents.

Google previewEdible Food Packaging (2016)

Materials and Processing Technologies by Miquel Angelo Parente Ribeiro Cerqueira, Ricardo Nuno Correia Pereira, Oscar Leandro da Silva Ramos, Jose Antonio Couto Teixeira, Antonio Augusto Vicente

Mesquite Gum Mesquite gum is a resin secreted by the mesquite tree (Prosopis...

Google previewEdible Coatings and Films to Improve Food Quality, Second Edition (2011)

by Elizabeth A. Baldwin, Robert Hagenmaier, Jinhe Bai

Furthermore, the gum is an excellent emulsion stabilizer, not only due to its water thickening properties, but also because it...

The gum is a water-soluble, complex polysaccharide in which complex arrays of neutral sugars (galactopyranosyl, ...

Google previewFoods and Food Production Encyclopedia (2012)

by Douglas M. Considine

The gum is a polysaccharide with a straight chain of mannose units and one galactose group on alternating mannose units. The proportion of mannose to galactose is 4:1. The gum contains about 6% protein. Guar is more than 6 times as ...

Google previewGluten-Free Wish List (2015)

Sweet and Savory Treats You've Missed the Most by Jeanne Sauvage

Xanthan gum is the product of fermenting Xanthomonas campestris, a bacteria.

Google previewCooking Innovations (2013)

Using Hydrocolloids for Thickening, Gelling, and Emulsification by Amos Nussinovitch, Madoka Hirashima

Gellan gum is an extracellular polysaccharide secreted by the microorganism Sphingomonas elodea (ATCC 31461), previously referred to as Pseudomonas elodea...

Gellan gum is a linear anionic heteropolysaccharide of ~ 0.5 × 106 Daltons ...

Google previewCellulose and Cellulose Derivatives in the Food Industry (2014)

Fundamentals and Applications by Tanja Wuestenberg

Larch Gum Raw Material and Manufacturing Larch gum is a component of the heartwood of all kinds of larches (Larix species). Larches contain 5–35% (on a dry matter basis) of a water-soluble arabinogalactan, a polysaccharide ...

Google previewInternational Handbook of Behavior Modification and Therapy (2012)

by Alan S. Bellack, Michel Hersen, Alan E. Kazdin

switch to cigarette brands with progressively lower nicotine content; nicotine chewing gum is a pharmacological approach.

and thus the continued intake of nicotine via the chewing gum is an acceptable intermediary strategy for achieving ...

Google previewMuye Dobo Tongji (2000)

Comprehensive Illustrated Manual of Martial Arts by Tŏng-mu Yi, Che-ga Pak

Suk Myung said, "Gum means to grab. Therefore the sword that one grabs for defense does not...

Google previewIngredients (2015)

A Visual Exploration of 75 Additives & 25 Food Products by Dwight Eschliman

Classified broadly, xanthan gum is a thickener, viscosity-increasing agent, suspending agent, stabilizer, and emulsifier.

Google previewFood Industries Manual (2012)

by Christopher G J Baker, M.D. Ranken, R.C. Kill

Guar gum Guar gum is a polymer of mannose and galactose which can be used in conjunction with other gums to improve stability. It is soluble in cold water, has excellent pH stability and is compatible with gelling agents. A solution of this ...

Google previewNon-wood Forest Products from Temperate Broad-leaved Trees (2002)

by William M. Ciesla, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

GUM. Mastic gum is a natural resin that is extracted from one of the most characteristic evergreen species in the Mediterranean maquis,20 the Pistacia lentiscus var. Chia tree.

Google previewMicrostructural Principles of Food Processing and Engineering (1999)

by José Miguel Aguilera, David W. Stanley

Plant (jams The term gum is a generic name for polysaccha- rides that show great affinity for water and high viscosity in...

Gum tragacanth is an exudate from the tree Astralagus gummifer while guar gum is the storage polysac- charide in the ...

Google previewThe Weimar Republic Sourcebook (1994)

by Anton Kaes, Martin Jay, Edward Dimendberg

Chewing gum is the cheapest way to Americanize oneself, and that is why the Germans of today, who harbor an intense yearning for America, have chosen it. That is, they have been selected and effectively dealt with by the lord of chewing ...

Google previewDistillate Fuel (1988)

Contamination, Storage, and Handling by Howard L. Chesneau

Gum is the degradation product of some of the hydrocarbons in the fuel.

Google previewPaxton's Magazine of Botany, and Register of Flowering Plants (1849)

by Sir Joseph Paxton

It is usually supposed the Gum is a secretion from the leaves of plants, and that it consequently flows from above...

Google previewThe Lancet London (1828)

A Journal of British and Foreign Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics, Physiology, Chemistry, Pharmacology, Public Health and News

Gum is a specimen of the combination of elements of the first class ; it exudes from the acacia and other trees, and you...

Google previewThe Lancet (1828)

Gum is a specimen of the combination of elements of the first class; it exudes from the acacia and other trees, and you find that...

Google previewComprehensive Biomaterials (2015)

by Paul Ducheyne, Kevin Healy, Dietmar E. Hutmacher, David W. Grainger, C. James Kirkpatrick

Xanthan gum is an anionic polysaccharide produced from glucose via fermentation by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris.105 The structure of xanthan is ...

Google previewUre̓s Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines (1878)

Containing a Clear Exposition of Their Principles and Practice by Andrew Ure, Robert Hunt

GUM (Gomme, Fr.; Gummi, Pflanzenschleim, Ger.) is the name of a proximate vegetable product, which forms with water a slimy solution, but is insoluble in ''. ether, and oils. It is converted by strong sulphuric acid into oxalic and mucic * C1018.

Google previewWinston's Cumulative Loose-leaf Encyclopedia (1921)

A Comprehensive Reference Book

Gum a substance of various proper3 ties which exudes spontaneously from the bark of certain trees, ...

Google previewPhytochemical Dictionary (1998)

A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants, Second Edition by Herbert Baxter, J.B. Harborne, Gerald P. Moss

Ghatti gum; Indian gum Structurally, it is a calcium-magnesium salt of a water- soluble complex polysaccharide containing L-arabinose, D-galactose, D- glucuronic acid, D-mannose and D-xylose. [9000-28-6] Occurs as a gummy exudation from ...

Google previewUnabridged Dictionary of Sensations as If (2003)

by J. W. Ward

Gum Abraded. — A spot ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design (1999)

Volume 67 - Water and Wastewater Treatment: Protective Coating Systems to Zeolite by John J. McKetta Jr

Gum. Introduction Polysaccharides are widely used to thicken or stabilize aqueous systems (Whistler and BeMiller 1993; Sandford and Baird 1983). In addition, some polysaccharides — or gums, as they are also called — can produce gels, ...

Google previewDictionary of Healthful Food Terms (1997)

by Bev Bennett, Virginia Van Vynckt, Carolyn E. Moore

guar gum 124 the United States, you'll see guarana in beverages and in various herbal nostrums (including some with another stimulant, EPHEDRA) reputed to rev up your metabolism or sharpen your mental alertness. The reason guarana is ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Good Health (2003)

by Robert A. Ronzio

gum arabic the feeling of satiety, some have also been used as APPETITE SUPPRESSANTS. Gums consist of long chains of sugar units, such as glucose, galactose, and sugar acids, linked together, thus representing a form of COMPLEX ...

Google previewThe Dictionary of Merchandise, and Nomenclature in All Languages (1805)

For the Use of Counting-houses: Containing, the History, Places of Growth, Culture, Use, and Marks of Excellency, of Such Natural Productions, as Form Articles of Commerce; with Their Names in All European Languages by C. H. Kauffman

The oriental, or Ethiopean Gum Anime, is brought to us in large, dry, and solid masses of irregular figure, and very uncertain colour; some greenish, some reddish, some brown, and some of the colour of myrrh ; but all moderately pellucid, of a ...

Google previewThe Wizard of Food's Encyclopedia of Kitchen & Cooking Secrets (2010)

by Myles H. Bader

GUM. Derived from the seeds of a plant found in India. It has 5 to 8 times the thickening power of starch and used as a stabilizer in fruit drinks, icings, and glazes. Frequently used as a binder in cream cheese, ice creams, baked goods, and ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Gum

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Photos about Gum

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View more pictures about red gum, Gum Drop, and Ghost Gum.

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Small photo of Gond katira or edible gum or common gum in a bowl isolated on white with its beneficial extract.Small photo of Gond katira or edible gum or common gum in a bowl isolated on white with its beneficial extract.Small photo of Gond katira or edible gum or common gum in a bowl isolated on white with its beneficial extract.Small photo of Gond katira or edible gum or common gum in a bowl isolated on white with its beneficial extract.Small photo of Gond katira or edible gum or common gum in a bowl isolated on white.Small photo of Gond katira or edible gum or common gum in a bowl isolated on white.Small photo of Gond katira or edible gum or common gum in a bowl isolated on white. More...

Videos about Gum

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View more videos about By Gum, Gum Up, Hog Gum, red gum, blue gum, Guar gum, Gum Tree, Tara Gum, carob gum, gum resin, manna gum, swamp gum, Sweet Gum, Acacia Gum, Bubble gum, Gellan gum, Gum karaya, Karaya Gum, Chewing gum, Gum disease, Locust bean gum, and Walk and Chew Gum at the Same Time.

See also the pronunciation examples of Gum!

Sign language

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Quotes about Gum

It's changed throughout the years, but at one time I was a really big bubble gum ice cream fan. I'd spit the bubble gum pieces in a cup and then collect them. (Timothy Olyphant)
more quotes about gum...

Scrabble value of G2U1M3

The value of this 3-letter word is 6 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagram / semordnilap of GUM

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See also the blanagrams of Gum!

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