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Definition of the noun Laogai
What does Laogai mean as a name of something?
noun - plural: laogais
- The use of prison labor and prison farms in the People's Republic of China.
Laogai, the abbreviation for Láodòng Gǎizào, which means "reform through labor," is a slogan of the Chinese criminal justice system and has been used to refer to the use of penal labour and prison farms in the People's Republic of China which takes up more than half of the world's slaves. It is estimated that in the last fifty years, more than 50 million people have been sent to laogai camps. Laogai is distinguished from laojiao, or re-education through labor, which is an administrative detention for a person who is not a criminal but has committed minor offenses, and is intended to reform offenders into law-abiding citizens. Persons detained under laojiao are detained in facilities that are separate from the general prison system of laogai. Both systems, however, involve penal labor.
- also known as 劳动改造
Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Laogai
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Freedom in the World (1994)
The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties, 1992-1993 by Freedom House Survey Team
The laogai is a criminal punishment requiring a court order. The laojiao provides for administrative detention for up to four years without a hearing. The latter is used to detain some 1 00,000 people each year, including dissidents. The judiciary ...
A Comparative Perspective by Peter O. Nwankwo
Laojiao is an administrative sanction imposed at the discretion of the police, whereas laogai is a form of criminal punishment that may be imposed only after a criminal conviction. Lin (2006) noted that the Public Security Bureau can ...
by Bruce Arrigo, Heather Bersot
Laogai is a normal word in China. Millions of people have been incarcerated in laogai, and the system continues today. People use this word instead of jail or prison. Everyone understands that this word refers to the Communist Party's prison ...
by Stanley D. Brunn, Stanley W. Toops, Richard Gilbreath
Laogai means reform through labor in Chinese and refers to the vast prison system in China which includes criminals as well as political prisoners. In the prisons, inmates work through the day on farms, factories or mines. James Seymour's ...
Loss and Hope (2014)
Global, Interreligious and Interdisciplinary Perspectives by Peter Admirand
Laogai is a normal word inChina. Millions of people have been incarcerated in the laogai, andthe system continues today. People use thisword insteadof jailorprison. Everyone understands that this wordrefers to the Communist Party's prison ...
by Suzanne Ogden
Laogai is a punishment for criminals and is meted out by the formal Judicial ...
Tiananmen Exiles (2014)
Voices of the Struggle for Democracy in China by R. He
Laogai is a Chinese system of prison factories, detention centers, and re- education camps. The system was first created by Mao in the early 1950s, modeled after the Soviet gulag. In November 2013, China formally dismantled this penal ...
Red Holocaust (2009)
by Steven Rosefielde
Laogai is an abbreviation for Laodong Gaizao. It means “reform through labor,” and ...
by Lawrence R. Sullivan
and approximately 10 million people incarcerated, the laogai was reserved for individuals who had not technically committed a crime but had engaged in minor offenses such as participating in gang violence or in politically unacceptable ...
Encyclopedia of China (2013)
History and Culture by Dorothy Perkins
Laogai. See FANG LIZHI; MOSTFAVOREDNATION TRADE STATUS; WEI JINGSHENG; WU, HARRY. Laozi. (Lao Tzu, “Old Master”; also known as Lao Tan ) The supposed author of the Daodejing (Tao Te Ching, “The Way and Its Power”) , the ...
Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z [4 Volumes] (2002)
by James B. Minahan
The region is dotted with the notorious laogai, slave ...
by Elizabeth Knowles
the laogai in China, a system of labour camps, many of whose inmates are political dissidents.
by James Minahan
The region is dotted with the notorious laogai, slave labor camps. Most of die population is rural, concentrated in numerous oases that lie between the deserts and mountains. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (East Turkestan/Shtirqiy ...
by Colin Mackerras, Donald H. McMillen, Andrew Watson
Laogai: The Chinese Gulag, trans. Ted Singerland, Boulder, CO: Westview (More than anyone else, Harry Wu has brought the problems of the Chinese prison sector to the attention of international critics; the reform ...
Encyclopedia of Human Rights (1996)
by Edward H. Lawson, Mary Lou Bertucci
Laogai: The Chinese Gulag. Boulder, CO, USA: Westview ...
Oxford Dictionary of English (2010)
by Angus Stevenson
laogai /laʊˈgʌɪ/ 7noun (the laogai) (in China) a system of labour camps, many of whose inmates are political dissidents.
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Video about Laogai
Video shows what laogai means. The use of prison labor and prison farms in the People's Republic of China.. Laogai Meaning. How to pronounce, definition ...
Quotes about Laogai
Scrabble value of L1A1O1G2A1I1
The value of this 6-letter word is 7 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.
Anagrams of LAOGAI
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