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Laogai

Definition of the noun Laogai

What does Laogai mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: laogais

  1. The use of prison labor and prison farms in the People's Republic of China.

Explanation

Laogai, the abbreviation for Láodòng Gǎizào, which means "reform through labor," is a slogan of the Chinese criminal justice system and has been used to refer to the use of penal labour and prison farms in the People's Republic of China which takes up more than half of the world's slaves. It is estimated that in the last fifty years, more than 50 million people have been sent to laogai camps. Laogai is distinguished from laojiao, or re-education through labor, which is an administrative detention for a person who is not a criminal but has committed minor offenses, and is intended to reform offenders into law-abiding citizens. Persons detained under laojiao are detained in facilities that are separate from the general prison system of laogai. Both systems, however, involve penal labor.

  • also known as 劳动改造

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Laogai

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Google previewFreedom in the World (1994)

The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties, 1992-1993 by Freedom House Survey Team

The laogai is a criminal punishment requiring a court order. The laojiao provides for administrative detention for up to four years without a hearing. The latter is used to detain some 1 00,000 people each year, including dissidents. The judiciary ...

Google previewCRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS OF THE WORLD (2011)

A Comparative Perspective by Peter O. Nwankwo

Laojiao is an administrative sanction imposed at the discretion of the police, whereas laogai is a form of criminal punishment that may be imposed only after a criminal conviction. Lin (2006) noted that the Public Security Bureau can ...

Google previewThe Routledge Handbook of International Crime and Justice Studies (2013)

by Bruce Arrigo, Heather Bersot

Laogai is a normal word in China. Millions of people have been incarcerated in laogai, and the system continues today. People use this word instead of jail or prison. Everyone understands that this word refers to the Communist Party's prison ...

Google previewThe Routledge Atlas of Central Eurasian Affairs (2012)

by Stanley D. Brunn, Stanley W. Toops, Richard Gilbreath

Laogai means reform through labor in Chinese and refers to the vast prison system in China which includes criminals as well as political prisoners. In the prisons, inmates work through the day on farms, factories or mines. James Seymour's ...

Google previewLoss and Hope (2014)

Global, Interreligious and Interdisciplinary Perspectives by Peter Admirand

Laogai is a normal word inChina. Millions of people have been incarcerated in the laogai, andthe system continues today. People use thisword insteadof jailorprison. Everyone understands that this wordrefers to the Communist Party's prison ...

Google previewInklings of Democracy in China (2002)

by Suzanne Ogden

Laogai is a punishment for criminals and is meted out by the formal Judicial ...

Google previewTiananmen Exiles (2014)

Voices of the Struggle for Democracy in China by R. He

Laogai is a Chinese system of prison factories, detention centers, and re- education camps. The system was first created by Mao in the early 1950s, modeled after the Soviet gulag. In November 2013, China formally dismantled this penal ...

Google previewRed Holocaust (2009)

by Steven Rosefielde

Laogai is an abbreviation for Laodong Gaizao. It means “reform through labor,” and ...

Google previewHistorical Dictionary of the People's Republic of China (2016)

by Lawrence R. Sullivan

and approximately 10 million people incarcerated, the laogai was reserved for individuals who had not technically committed a crime but had engaged in minor offenses such as participating in gang violence or in politically unacceptable ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of China (2013)

History and Culture by Dorothy Perkins

Laogai. See FANG LIZHI; MOSTFAVOREDNATION TRADE STATUS; WEI JINGSHENG; WU, HARRY. Laozi. (Lao Tzu, “Old Master”; also known as Lao Tan ) The supposed author of the Daodejing (Tao Te Ching, “The Way and Its Power”) , the ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z [4 Volumes] (2002)

by James B. Minahan

The region is dotted with the notorious laogai, slave ...

Google previewThe Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2006)

by Elizabeth Knowles

the laogai in China, a system of labour camps, many of whose inmates are political dissidents.

Google previewEncyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z (2002)

by James Minahan

The region is dotted with the notorious laogai, slave labor camps. Most of die population is rural, concentrated in numerous oases that lie between the deserts and mountains. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (East Turkestan/Shtirqiy ...

Google previewDictionary of the Politics of the People's Republic of China (2003)

by Colin Mackerras, Donald H. McMillen, Andrew Watson

Laogai: The Chinese Gulag, trans. Ted Singerland, Boulder, CO: Westview (More than anyone else, Harry Wu has brought the problems of the Chinese prison sector to the attention of international critics; the reform ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Human Rights (1996)

by Edward H. Lawson, Mary Lou Bertucci

Laogai: The Chinese Gulag. Boulder, CO, USA: Westview ...

Google previewOxford Dictionary of English (2010)

by Angus Stevenson

laogai /laʊˈgʌɪ/ 7noun (the laogai) (in China) a system of labour camps, many of whose inmates are political dissidents.

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Laogai

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Video about Laogai

Laogai Meaning

Video shows what laogai means. The use of prison labor and prison farms in the People's Republic of China.. Laogai Meaning. How to pronounce, definition ...

Quotes about Laogai

She cried, and the judge wiped her tears with my checkbook. (Tommy Manville)
more quotes about checkbook...

Scrabble value of L1A1O1G2A1I1

The value of this 6-letter word is 7 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

Anagrams of LAOGAI

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See also the blanagrams of Laogai!

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