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Monoamine neurotransmitter

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Definition of the noun monoamine neurotransmitter

What does monoamine neurotransmitter mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. a monoamine that is functionally important in neural transmission
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • more generic word: monoamine = a molecule containing one amine group
    • more specific words:

Explanation

Monoamine neurotransmitter: Monoamine neurotransmitters are neurotransmitters and neuromodulators that contain one amino group that is connected to an aromatic ring by a two-carbon chain. All monoamines are derived from aromatic amino acids like phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, and the thyroid hormones by the action of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase enzymes. Monoaminergic systems, i.e., the networks of neurons that utilize monoamine neurotransmitters, are involved in the regulation of cognitive processes such as emotion, arousal, and certain types of memory. It has been found that monoamine neurotransmitters play an important role in the secretion and production of neurotrophin-3 by astrocytes, a chemical which maintains neuron integrity and provides neurons with trophic support. Drugs used to increase the effect of monoamine may be used to treat patients with psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia.

  • also known as 单胺类神经递质

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Monoamine neurotransmitter

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Google previewEncyclopedia of Fish Physiology (2011)

From Genome to Environment

Monoamine neurotransmitter A group of neurotransmitters that contain one amino ...

Google previewDictionary of Biological Psychology (2003)

by Philip Winn

Octopamine is a MONOAMINE neurotransmitter but, very unusually, it is present only in INVERTEBRATES. It appears to act in a way homologous with NORADRENALINE in the nervous system of VERTEBRATES; noradrenaline is ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Human Behavior (2012)

Dopamine A monoamine neurotransmitter formed in the brain by the decarboxylation of dopa and essential to the normal functioning of the central nervous system. Norepinephrine A hormone and neurotransmitter, secreted by.

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Parkinson's Disease (2009)

by Anthony D. Mosley

monoamine neurotransmitter These tasks can be daunting enough without the limitations Parkinson's disease imposes, particularly for older people. The motor symptoms of Parkinson's are another dimension, often making the physical ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Biology (2016)

by CTI Reviews

Serotonin or 5hydroxytryptamine is a monoamine neurotransmitter. Biochemically derived from tryptophan, serotonin is primarily found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, platelets, and in the central nervous system (CNS) of animals, including ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (2014)

is a small monoamine neurotransmitter that is involved in a wide spectrum of biological processes. Serotonin is found in a variety of organisms ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience (2010)

is a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the central nervous system of vertebrate animals. Stereoselectivity – In reference to a chiral substance, the phenomenon that ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology (2011)

by Shane J. Lopez

Serotonin is a monoamine neurotransmitter that regulates many different behaviors including sleep, appetite, arousal, and aggression. Serotonin has also been associated with different aspects of mood, including mood disorders. According to ...

Google previewChurchill Livingstone Medical Dictionary (2008)

by Chris Brooker

dopamine n a monoamine neurotransmitter. It functions in the central ...

Google previewThe American Heritage Medical Dictionary (2008)

by Houghton Mifflin Company, American Heritage

A monoamine neurotransmitter formed in the brain by the decarboxylation of dopa and essential to the normal functioning of the central nervous system. A reduction in its concentration within the brain is associated with Parkinson's disease.

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