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oxalacetate

Definition of the noun oxalacetate

What does oxalacetate mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: oxalacetates

  1. a salt or ester of oxalacetic acid
    • lexical domain: Substances - nouns denoting substances
    • synonym of oxalacetate: oxaloacetate
    • more generic word: salt = a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal

Explanation

oxalacetate a.k.a. Oxaloacetic acid is a crystalline organic compound with the chemical formula HO₂CCCH₂CO₂H. Oxaloacetic acid, in the form of its conjugate base oxaloacetate, is a metabolic intermediate in many processes that occur in animals. It takes part in the: gluconeogenesis, urea cycle, glyoxylate cycle, amino acid synthesis, fatty acid synthesis and citric acid cycle.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for oxalacetate

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Google previewLipid Metabolism (2012)

by Salih Wakil

In gluconeogenesis, oxalacetate is an Obligatory intermediate in the synthesis Ofglucose from most precursors (Krebs, 1966; Wieland, 1968). The concomitance of gluconeogenesis and ketogenesis suggests an obligatory link. Oxalacetate is an important intermediate in both gluconeogenesis and ketogenesis. Decreases of oxalacetate concentrations in liver have ...

Google previewBiological Toxins: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition (2012)

Oxalacetate is the main OAH substrate, but the enzyme also acts as a lyase of ( 2R,3S)-dimethyl malate with approximately 1000-fold lower efficacy. The crystal structure of ...

Google previewStructural and Functional Relationships in Prokaryotes (2005)

by Larry Barton

Oxalacetate is an essential carbon structure precursor for amino acids in the aspartate family and the metabolic scheme for this family is given in Figure 12.8. Asparagine is produced from aspartate by aspartate kinase which requires NH, and ATP. In Lactobacillus arabinosus and related bacteria, asparagine inhibits and represses synthesis of aspartate kinase. In E. coli. the formation of methionine, isoleucine, threonine, and ...

Google previewHandbook of Nutrition and Food, Second Edition (2007)

by Carolyn D. Berdanier, Johanna T. Dwyer, Elaine B. Feldman

At any rate, pyruvate can now be converted to acetyl CoA via pyruvate dehydrogenase or carboxylated to oxalacetate via pyruvate carboxylase. Oxalacetate is the beginning substrate for the citric acid cycle. The citric acid cycle is ...

Google previewHawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary (2016)

by Robert A. Lewis

sodium ethyl oxalacetate See ethyl sodium oxalacetate. sodium ethylxanthate ( sodium xanthogenate; sodium xanthate). C2H5OC(S)SNa. Properties: Yellowish powder. Soluble in water, alcohol. Use: Ore flotation agent. See xanthic acids. sodium ferric pyrophosphate Na8Fe4(P2O7)5•xH2O. Properties: White to tan powder; odorless.

Google previewElsevier's Dictionary of Chemoetymology (2006)

The Whys and Whences of Chemical Nomenclature and Terminology by Alexander Senning

from gossyp-, and -ol GOT an abbreviation for glutamate oxalacetate transaminase gougerotin (asteromycin) C16H25N7O8, derived from the ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Dairy Sciences (2011)

oxalacetate decarboxylase, (20) mannitol-1phosphate dehydrogenase; (21) mannitol- 1phosphatase-enzyme ||Mt. CoA, coenzyme A, 2e, electrons transferred to an unknown acceptor. Tpp, thiamine PPi.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry (2010)

HMP: hexose monophosphate shunt; TCA: tricarboxylic acid cycle; OAA: oxalacetate; α-KG: 2- oxoglutarate; GABA: γ–aminobutyric acid; Ac CoA:acetyl coenzyme A. Only one turn of the TCA is considered for clarity. Filled or open circles in TCA cycle intermediates indicate labelling from PDH or PC, respectively. 13C NMR spectrum (125.7 MHz) of neutralized perchloric acid extracts.

Google previewDictionary of Abbreviations in Medical Sciences (2012)

With a list of the most important medical and scientific journals and their traditional abbreviations by Rolf Heister

elephantiasis venerea, “esthiomène” EGA error grid analysis EGB endothelium glia barrier EGEG electrogastroenterogram EGF epidermal growth factor EGFR epidermal growth factor receptor EGG electrogastrogram EGMA eosinophil growth and maturation activity EGOT erythrocyte glutamate oxalacetate transaminase EGPC Europäische Gesellschaft für plastische Chirurgie (G); European Society of Plastic Surgery EGT euglobulin test EGTA ethyleneglycolbisßaminoethyletherN ...

Google previewDesk Encyclopedia of Microbiology (2010)

by Moselio Schaechter

KDPG GAP PK Xylu-5-P Acetyl-PAcetate Ethanol LDH PDC Homofermentive lactobacteria Ethanol Acetal Lactate Pyruvate POR PC Oxalacetate Acetyl-CoA CO2 Succinate Acetoacetyl-CoA Acetone Isopropanol Butyryl-CoA Propionate Propionibacteria Saccharolytic clostridia Figure 3 Scheme of carbon flux in selected fermentation types with carbohydrate as the substrate. Only characteristic intermediates are given; the reducing equivalents that are generated or invested are not ...

Google previewThe Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Nutrition (2004)

by M. F. Fuller

and Urolithiasis 571 Fumarate Malate Oxalacetate α- aminoacid α-keto Aspartate Arginino succinate.

Google previewEncyclopedia of Parasitology: A-M (2008)

by Heinz Mehlhorn, Horst Aspöck

bisphosphate; GAP , glyceralde- hyde-3 -phosphate; MAL, malate; OAA, oxalacetate; PEP, phosphoenolpyruvate; PP{, pyrophosphate; PYR, pyruvate. H- Energy Metabolism. Figure 3 Generalized ...

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Scrabble value of O1X8A1L1A1C3E1T1A1T1E1

The value of this 11-letter word is 20 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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